Twenty Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy / Edition 5

Twenty Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy / Edition 5

by G. Lee Bowie, Robert C. Solomon, Meredith W. Michaels

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ISBN-10: 0534604897

ISBN-13: 9780534604899

Pub. Date: 07/18/2003

Publisher: Cengage Learning

TWENTY QUESTIONS, one of the best selling introductory anthologies available today, presents a proven, well-acclaimed forum for introducing students to the rich variety of philosophical reflection. Animated by some of philosophy's more concrete questions-questions that students are likely to have pondered long before signing up for their first philosophy


TWENTY QUESTIONS, one of the best selling introductory anthologies available today, presents a proven, well-acclaimed forum for introducing students to the rich variety of philosophical reflection. Animated by some of philosophy's more concrete questions-questions that students are likely to have pondered long before signing up for their first philosophy classes-TWENTY QUESTIONS fosters the creative exploration of many renowned classical and contemporary thinkers' responses to the very same questions.

Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1Religion and the Meaning of Life1
Chapter 1Does Religion Give My Life Meaning?2
Religion Reconsidered4
Some Important Buddhist Doctrines7
Many Paths to the Same Summit17
A Taoist View of the Universe18
God and Gods in Africa20
Why I Am Not a Christian22
God is Dead30
The Anti-christ31
The Image of God's Goodness33
Love as the Practice of Freedom35
Memorial Service40
The Absurd41
The Internet as Metaphor for God?45
Chapter 2How Do I Know Whether God Exists?49
Faith and Reason52
The Ontological Argument53
Whether God Exists55
The Teleological Argument57
Why Does God Let People Suffer?60
The Leap of Faith and the Limits of Reason67
The Will To Believe70
I'm No Believer74
Part 2Science, Mind, and Nature79
Chapter 3What Does Science Tell Me About the World?80
The Deductive-Nomological Model of Science83
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions90
Science: Conjectures and Refutations98
Feminism and Science106
Seeking New Laws of Nature113
Chapter 4Which Should I Believe: Darwin or Genesis?122
The Descent of Man128
Creationist Science and Education133
Against Creationism143
Is Evolutionary Theory a Secular Religion?154
Chapter 5How Is My Mind Connected to My Body?164
Mind as Distinct From Body168
The Concept of Mind172
Robots and Minds180
The Myth of the Computer186
Woman as Body192
The Mysterious Flame201
Part 3Thinking and Knowing215
Chapter 6What Do I Know?216
The Myth of the Cave219
Descartes' Evil Genius225
Knowledge Regained232
Through the Looking Glass235
The Circular Ruins236
Appearance and Reality239
Where Our Ideas Come From241
To Be Is to Be Perceived245
The Sex of the Knower250
Chapter 7Does Language Make Me Think the Way I Do?255
Getting Rid of Words258
Meaning as Use259
Language, Thought, and Reality265
The Language Instinct276
How Words Hurt286
Communication and Consciousness292
Humpty Dumpty294
Part 4The Dilemas of Personhood297
Chapter 8Who Am I?298
The First Night301
Of Identity and Diversity315
Of Personal Identity320
Persons, Brains, and Bodies323
How To Build a Person325
I Am a Woman332
"But What Are You Really?": The Metaphysics of Race337
Bad Copies: How Popular Media Represent Cloning as an Ethical Problem349
Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning357
To Clone or Not to Clone364
Chapter 9Why Are My Emotions Important to Me?369
On Anger372
The Passions of the Soul375
On Pride378
What Is an Emotion381
Emotions as Transformations of the World386
Uncivil Rites--The Cultural Rules of Anger388
Two Speeches on Love391
What Love Is395
Feminism, Feelings, and Philosophy399
Chapter 10How Should I Feel About Abortion and Embryo Research?405
The Abortion409
A Defense of Abortion410
Abortion Through a Feminist Lens421
Right to Life: What Can the White Man Say to the Black Woman?426
The Moral Duty to the Unborn and Its Significance429
Stem Cells, Cloning, and Abortion: Making Careful Distinctions433
The Moral Status of the Embryo436
The Puzzle of Profound Respect: Human Embryo Research437
Embryonic Stem Cell Retrieval and a Possible Ethical Bypass440
Chapter 11What Is the Meaning of Death?442
The Death of Socrates444
A Taoist on Death446
Active and Passive Euthanasia452
The Intentional Termination of Life456
Meanings of Death460
Chapter 12How Should I Respond to War or Terrorism?470
Whether It Is Always Sinful to Wage War473
Power and Violence475
Address to the Nation, September 11, 2001480
The End of Our Holiday from History481
The experiments of Ghandi: Nonviolent in the Nuclear Age482
Defining a Just War486
In War Truth is the First Casualty491
Questions REgarding a War on Terrorism492
War Against Terror or War to Govern the World?495
Chapter 13How Does Racism Affect My Life?497
Anti-Semite and Jew500
What Good Am I?502
I'm Black, You're White, Who's Innocent?506
"But Would That Still Be Me?"511
The Erasure of Black Women515
The Myth of the Immoral Black Mother521
Two Kinds530
Part 5Living a Good Life537
Chapter 14Why Shouldn't I Be Selfish?538
Get it and feel good542
The Ring of Gyges543
The Pursuit of Pleasure546
People are Selfish548
On Human Nature550
The Selfish Gene553
So Cleverly Kind an Animal555
The Virtue of Selfishness559
Individual Rights, Welfare Rights562
Ethical Egoism563
Chapter 15Can There Be Sexual Equality?569
The Equality of Women572
The Inequality of Women576
The Inequality of Women576
The Subjection of Women577
Monogamy vs. Promiscuity: Putting Evolutionary Psychology on the Couch590
The Social Construction of Black Feminist Thought598
Is Feminist Philosophy a Contradiction in Terms?: First Philosophy, The Second Sex, and The Third Wave606
On the Rag614
Selling Out619
Chapter 16What Is the Right Thing for Me to Do?622
The Ten Commandments and The Sermon on the Mount625
The Analects628
The Unjust629
Happiness and the Good Life630
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals638
The Natural History of Morals645
Freedom and Morality651
The Conscience of Huck Finn652
One Feminist View of Ethics655
Through the Moral Maze658
Chapter 17I Like It, but Is It Art?663
The Nature of Tragedy666
Of the Standard Of Taste671
What Is Art?675
The Motion Picture Production Code678
The Culture Industry681
The Art World686
The Worship of Art: Notes on the New God690
Beauty, Kitsch, and Glamour694
The Male Gaze699
Who Should Support the Arts?702
Part 6Justice and Responsibility705
Chapter 18Am I Free to Choose What I Do?706
Antigone's Fate709
Voluntary and Involuntary Action712
Are We Cogs in the Universe?714
Twilight of an Error716
Meaning and Free Will718
Freedom and Responsibility725
Freedom and the Control of Men727
The Significance of Free Will: Old Dispute, New Themes732
Moral Luck737
Autonomy and Identity in Feminist Thinking740
Chapter 19What Do I Justly Deserve?747
Does Might Make Right749
Justice and the Social Contract752
A Utilitarian Theory of Justice756
Justice as Fairness760
The Principle of Fairness765
Economic Income and Social Justice770
The Myth of Merit775
Property and Hunger778
Human Rights, Civil Rights784
Justice, Care, and Gender Bias786
Chapter 20How Should I Make Money?789
On Business793
Benefits of the Profit Motive794
The Immorality of Capitalism798
The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits799
The Ford Pinto Memo802
Crime in the Suites803
Why Shouldn't Corporations Be Socially Responsible804
Honest Work806
A Bill of Rights for Employees and Employers809
Making Money and the Importance of the Virtues811
Follow Your Bliss817

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