Twenty Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy / Edition 5

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TWENTY QUESTIONS, one of the best selling introductory anthologies available today, presents a proven, well-acclaimed forum for introducing students to the rich variety of philosophical reflection. Animated by some of philosophy's more concrete questions-questions that students are likely to have pondered long before signing up for their first philosophy classes-TWENTY QUESTIONS fosters the creative exploration of many renowned classical and contemporary thinkers' responses to the very same questions.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534604899
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 7/18/2003
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 848
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

G. Lee Bowie received a Ph.D. in Philosophy from Stanford University and has taught at University of Michigan, University of Mass, Amherst College, and Hampshire College. Currently he is Professor of Philosophy at Mount Holyoke College.

Meredith W. Michaels received a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Massachusetts. She has taught at Mount Holyoke College, Hampshire College, and is currently a Lecturer/Research Associate at Smith College.

Robert C. Solomon (1942-2007) was internationally renowned as a teacher and lecturer in philosophy. He was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and over the course of his career taught at numerous institutions, including Princeton University, the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Auckland, and the University of California, in addition to the University of Texas. He authored over forty books, including INTRODUCING PHILOSOPHY, A SHORT HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY, THE PASSIONS, IN THE SPIRIT OF HEGEL, ABOUT LOVE, ABOVE THE BOTTOM LINE, Fourth Edition (with Clancy Martin), ETHICS AND EXCELLENCE, THE JOY OF PHILOSOPHY, and TRUE TO OUR FEELINGS, and he was co-editor of TWENTY QUESTIONS, Fifth Edition (with Lee Bowie and Meredith Michaels), and SINCE SOCRATES (with Clancy Martin).

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Table of Contents

Preface v
Introduction vii
Part 1 Religion and the Meaning of Life 1
Chapter 1 Does Religion Give My Life Meaning? 2
Religion Reconsidered 4
Some Important Buddhist Doctrines 7
Many Paths to the Same Summit 17
A Taoist View of the Universe 18
God and Gods in Africa 20
Why I Am Not a Christian 22
God is Dead 30
The Anti-christ 31
The Image of God's Goodness 33
Love as the Practice of Freedom 35
Memorial Service 40
The Absurd 41
The Internet as Metaphor for God? 45
Chapter 2 How Do I Know Whether God Exists? 49
Faith and Reason 52
The Ontological Argument 53
Whether God Exists 55
The Teleological Argument 57
Why Does God Let People Suffer? 60
Rebellion 64
The Leap of Faith and the Limits of Reason 67
The Will To Believe 70
I'm No Believer 74
Gods 77
Part 2 Science, Mind, and Nature 79
Chapter 3 What Does Science Tell Me About the World? 80
The Deductive-Nomological Model of Science 83
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 90
Science: Conjectures and Refutations 98
Feminism and Science 106
Seeking New Laws of Nature 113
Gravity 120
Chapter 4 Which Should I Believe: Darwin or Genesis? 122
Genesis 126
The Descent of Man 128
Creationist Science and Education 133
Against Creationism 143
Is Evolutionary Theory a Secular Religion? 154
Chapter 5 How Is My Mind Connected to My Body? 164
Mind as Distinct From Body 168
The Concept of Mind 172
Robots and Minds 180
The Myth of the Computer 186
Woman as Body 192
The Mysterious Flame 201
Part 3 Thinking and Knowing 215
Chapter 6 What Do I Know? 216
The Myth of the Cave 219
Meditation 221
Descartes' Evil Genius 225
Knowledge Regained 232
Through the Looking Glass 235
The Circular Ruins 236
Appearance and Reality 239
Where Our Ideas Come From 241
To Be Is to Be Perceived 245
The Sex of the Knower 250
Chapter 7 Does Language Make Me Think the Way I Do? 255
Getting Rid of Words 258
Meaning as Use 259
Language, Thought, and Reality 265
Newspeak 274
The Language Instinct 276
How Words Hurt 286
Communication and Consciousness 292
Humpty Dumpty 294
Part 4 The Dilemas of Personhood 297
Chapter 8 Who Am I? 298
The First Night 301
Of Identity and Diversity 315
Of Personal Identity 320
Persons, Brains, and Bodies 323
How To Build a Person 325
I Am a Woman 332
"But What Are You Really?": The Metaphysics of Race 337
Bad Copies: How Popular Media Represent Cloning as an Ethical Problem 349
Genetic Encores: The Ethics of Human Cloning 357
To Clone or Not to Clone 364
Chapter 9 Why Are My Emotions Important to Me? 369
On Anger 372
The Passions of the Soul 375
On Pride 378
What Is an Emotion 381
Emotions as Transformations of the World 386
Uncivil Rites--The Cultural Rules of Anger 388
Two Speeches on Love 391
What Love Is 395
Feminism, Feelings, and Philosophy 399
Chapter 10 How Should I Feel About Abortion and Embryo Research? 405
The Abortion 409
A Defense of Abortion 410
Abortion Through a Feminist Lens 421
Right to Life: What Can the White Man Say to the Black Woman? 426
The Moral Duty to the Unborn and Its Significance 429
Stem Cells, Cloning, and Abortion: Making Careful Distinctions 433
The Moral Status of the Embryo 436
The Puzzle of Profound Respect: Human Embryo Research 437
Embryonic Stem Cell Retrieval and a Possible Ethical Bypass 440
Chapter 11 What Is the Meaning of Death? 442
The Death of Socrates 444
A Taoist on Death 446
Death 447
Active and Passive Euthanasia 452
The Intentional Termination of Life 456
Meanings of Death 460
Chapter 12 How Should I Respond to War or Terrorism? 470
Whether It Is Always Sinful to Wage War 473
Power and Violence 475
Address to the Nation, September 11, 2001 480
The End of Our Holiday from History 481
The experiments of Ghandi: Nonviolent in the Nuclear Age 482
Defining a Just War 486
In War Truth is the First Casualty 491
Questions REgarding a War on Terrorism 492
War Against Terror or War to Govern the World? 495
Chapter 13 How Does Racism Affect My Life? 497
Anti-Semite and Jew 500
What Good Am I? 502
I'm Black, You're White, Who's Innocent? 506
"But Would That Still Be Me?" 511
The Erasure of Black Women 515
The Myth of the Immoral Black Mother 521
Two Kinds 530
Part 5 Living a Good Life 537
Chapter 14 Why Shouldn't I Be Selfish? 538
Get it and feel good 542
The Ring of Gyges 543
The Pursuit of Pleasure 546
People are Selfish 548
On Human Nature 550
Compassion 551
The Selfish Gene 553
So Cleverly Kind an Animal 555
The Virtue of Selfishness 559
Individual Rights, Welfare Rights 562
Ethical Egoism 563
Chapter 15 Can There Be Sexual Equality? 569
The Equality of Women 572
The Inequality of Women 576
The Inequality of Women 576
The Subjection of Women 577
Sexism 584
Monogamy vs. Promiscuity: Putting Evolutionary Psychology on the Couch 590
The Social Construction of Black Feminist Thought 598
Is Feminist Philosophy a Contradiction in Terms?: First Philosophy, The Second Sex, and The Third Wave 606
On the Rag 614
Selling Out 619
Chapter 16 What Is the Right Thing for Me to Do? 622
The Ten Commandments and The Sermon on the Mount 625
The Analects 628
The Unjust 629
Happiness and the Good Life 630
Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals 638
Utilitarianism 642
The Natural History of Morals 645
Emotivism 648
Freedom and Morality 651
The Conscience of Huck Finn 652
One Feminist View of Ethics 655
Through the Moral Maze 658
Chapter 17 I Like It, but Is It Art? 663
The Nature of Tragedy 666
Of the Standard Of Taste 671
What Is Art? 675
The Motion Picture Production Code 678
The Culture Industry 681
The Art World 686
The Worship of Art: Notes on the New God 690
Beauty, Kitsch, and Glamour 694
The Male Gaze 699
Who Should Support the Arts? 702
Part 6 Justice and Responsibility 705
Chapter 18 Am I Free to Choose What I Do? 706
Antigone's Fate 709
Voluntary and Involuntary Action 712
Are We Cogs in the Universe? 714
Twilight of an Error 716
Meaning and Free Will 718
Freedom and Responsibility 725
Freedom and the Control of Men 727
The Significance of Free Will: Old Dispute, New Themes 732
Moral Luck 737
Autonomy and Identity in Feminist Thinking 740
Oppression 743
Chapter 19 What Do I Justly Deserve? 747
Does Might Make Right 749
Justice and the Social Contract 752
A Utilitarian Theory of Justice 756
Justice as Fairness 760
The Principle of Fairness 765
Economic Income and Social Justice 770
The Myth of Merit 775
Property and Hunger 778
Human Rights, Civil Rights 784
Justice, Care, and Gender Bias 786
Chapter 20 How Should I Make Money? 789
On Business 793
Benefits of the Profit Motive 794
The Immorality of Capitalism 798
The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits 799
The Ford Pinto Memo 802
Crime in the Suites 803
Why Shouldn't Corporations Be Socially Responsible 804
Honest Work 806
A Bill of Rights for Employees and Employers 809
Making Money and the Importance of the Virtues 811
Follow Your Bliss 817
Credits 818
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