Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death / Edition 1

Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death / Edition 1

4.2 11
by Margaret M. Lock
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520228146

ISBN-13: 9780520228146

Pub. Date: 12/01/2001

Publisher: University of California Press


Tales about organ transplants appear in mythology and folk stories, and surface in documents from medieval times, but only during the past twenty years has medical knowledge and technology been sufficiently advanced for surgeons to perform thousands of transplants each year. In the majority of cases individuals diagnosed as "brain dead" are the source of the…  See more details below

Overview


Tales about organ transplants appear in mythology and folk stories, and surface in documents from medieval times, but only during the past twenty years has medical knowledge and technology been sufficiently advanced for surgeons to perform thousands of transplants each year. In the majority of cases individuals diagnosed as "brain dead" are the source of the organs without which transplants could not take place. In this compelling and provocative examination, Margaret Lock traces the discourse over the past thirty years that contributed to the locating of a new criterion of death in the brain, and its routinization in clinical practice in North America. She compares this situation with that in Japan where, despite the availability of the necessary technology and expertise, brain death was legally recognized only in 1997, and then under limited and contested circumstances. Twice Dead explores the cultural, historical, political, and clinical reasons for the ready acceptance of the new criterion of death in North America and its rejection, until recently, in Japan, with the result that organ transplantation has been severely restricted in that country. This incisive and timely discussion demonstrates that death is not self-evident, that the space between life and death is historically and culturally constructed, fluid, multiple, and open to dispute.

In addition to an analysis of that professional literature on and popular representations of the subject, Lock draws on extensive interviews conducted over ten years with physicians working in intensive care units, transplant surgeons, organ recipients, donor families, members of the general public in both Japan and North America, and political activists in Japan opposed to the recognition of brain death. By showing that death can never be understood merely as a biological event, and that cultural, medical, legal, and political dimensions are inevitably implicated in the invention of brain death, Twice Dead confronts one of the most troubling questions of our era.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520228146
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
12/01/2001
Series:
California Series in Public Anthropology Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
441
Sales rank:
307,748
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.13(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments
Preamble: Accidental Death
Trauma
The Procurement
The Gift
Death's Shadow
1. Boundary Transgressions and Moral Uncertainty
Reanimation
2. Technology in Extremis
Narrow Escapes
3. Locating the Moment of Death
Jumping the Gun
4. Making Death Uniform
Tragedy
5. The Brain-Death "Problem"
Aggressive Harvesting
6. Technology as Other: Japanese Modernity and Technology
Born of a Brain-Dead Mother
7. Prevailing against Inertia
Organ Donor Card
8. Situated Departures
Disconcerting Movements
9 Imaginative Continuities
Memory Work
10.When Bodies Outlive Persons
Procurement Anxiety
11. When Persons Linger in Bodies
Musical Feat
12. The Body Transcendent
A Court Order
13. The Social Life of Human Organs
A Reliable Man
An Unsatisfactory Intelligence
14. Revisiting Vivisection
Almost Full Circle
Reflections
Bibliography
Index

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Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death 3.7 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
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