Twice Dead: Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death / Edition 1

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Overview


Tales about organ transplants appear in mythology and folk stories, and surface in documents from medieval times, but only during the past twenty years has medical knowledge and technology been sufficiently advanced for surgeons to perform thousands of transplants each year. In the majority of cases individuals diagnosed as "brain dead" are the source of the organs without which transplants could not take place. In this compelling and provocative examination, Margaret Lock traces the discourse over the past thirty years that contributed to the locating of a new criterion of death in the brain, and its routinization in clinical practice in North America. She compares this situation with that in Japan where, despite the availability of the necessary technology and expertise, brain death was legally recognized only in 1997, and then under limited and contested circumstances. Twice Dead explores the cultural, historical, political, and clinical reasons for the ready acceptance of the new criterion of death in North America and its rejection, until recently, in Japan, with the result that organ transplantation has been severely restricted in that country. This incisive and timely discussion demonstrates that death is not self-evident, that the space between life and death is historically and culturally constructed, fluid, multiple, and open to dispute.

In addition to an analysis of that professional literature on and popular representations of the subject, Lock draws on extensive interviews conducted over ten years with physicians working in intensive care units, transplant surgeons, organ recipients, donor families, members of the general public in both Japan and North America, and political activists in Japan opposed to the recognition of brain death. By showing that death can never be understood merely as a biological event, and that cultural, medical, legal, and political dimensions are inevitably implicated in the invention of brain death, Twice Dead confronts one of the most troubling questions of our era.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780520228146
  • Publisher: University of California Press
  • Publication date: 12/1/2001
  • Series: California Series in Public Anthropology Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 441
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.13 (d)

Meet the Author


Margaret Lock is Professor of Anthropology at McGill University and author of the award-winning Encounters with Aging: Mythologies of Menopause in Japan and North America (1993) and East Asian Medicine in Urban Japan: Varieties of Medical Experience(1980), both from California. Among the books she has coedited are Remaking a World (2001), Social Suffering (1997), and Knowledge, Power, and Practice(1993), all from California. In December 2003, she was awarded the Robert B. Textor and Family Prize for Excellence in Anticipatory Anthropology, of the American Anthropology Association.
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Table of Contents


Acknowledgments
Preamble: Accidental Death
Trauma
The Procurement
The Gift
Death's Shadow
1. Boundary Transgressions and Moral Uncertainty
Reanimation
2. Technology in Extremis
Narrow Escapes
3. Locating the Moment of Death
Jumping the Gun
4. Making Death Uniform
Tragedy
5. The Brain-Death "Problem"
Aggressive Harvesting
6. Technology as Other: Japanese Modernity and Technology
Born of a Brain-Dead Mother
7. Prevailing against Inertia
Organ Donor Card
8. Situated Departures
Disconcerting Movements
9 Imaginative Continuities
Memory Work
10.When Bodies Outlive Persons
Procurement Anxiety
11. When Persons Linger in Bodies
Musical Feat
12. The Body Transcendent
A Court Order
13. The Social Life of Human Organs
A Reliable Man
An Unsatisfactory Intelligence
14. Revisiting Vivisection
Almost Full Circle
Reflections
Bibliography
Index
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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
( 11 )
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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 28, 2013

    Kirby

    (>~_~)> •*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*•*• ?=^•^=
    Shot poison fumes at the evil cats

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 26, 2013

    FarCry

    Tosses a rabbit on the ground. "Don't thank me." She growls and wlks away, fuming. Nobody knows why she is so cruel.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 26, 2013

    Broken

    She jumps up and snatchea the carrot out of the sky. She eats it. B

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 25, 2013

    To leader

    Can i plz interview you at news report res9

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 30, 2013

    Black mist

    Yawn

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    Posted March 24, 2013

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 24, 2013

    Killer

    Name killer gender tom age 24 moons mate none kits none

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 22, 2013

    Flutter's Bio

    Name: Flutterheart Nickname(s): Flutter and Fluttershy Gender: she Looks: light tan with blue violet eyes Personality: smart, quiet, and whispery. Mate: none Crush: idk Kits: Lionclaw and Hollyposion (currently undecided....) Power(s): move through objects Other: knows how to curse without getting locked out- fu>_<ck

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 21, 2013

    Ice's Bio ((last time to be updated))

    Name: look up. Age: here, have a dictionary. Gender: tom. Appearance: sleek white fur with gray paws and tailtip. Personality: lovable yet oddly creepy. Mate: none. Kits: none. Crush: maybe.....no. Parents: Arachne & Venom.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 21, 2013

    Nights Bio and to Aspen

    Name Night... age: no comment... my best friend is Aspen she has my back all the time no matter what... kits sneerkit... mate none... crush Grimclaw... I am a black wth a white paw and eyes that change color usullay blue green im am a great hunter i like to hunt at night and i am super fast and smart and I am nice and sweet and enguaging to kits... parents marigoldtail and nightwind... syblings... snowpaw phonixpaw winterpaw hollykit aspen: I am truly sorry about what happend but can we forget about it and be BFFs again please i have got your back i wont let you fall im always on your side no matter what but lets forget about the past

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 25, 2013

    Yuyyyy

    Yyyyy

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