Two Paths to Equality: Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith in the ERA Debate, 1921-1929

Two Paths to Equality: Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith in the ERA Debate, 1921-1929

by Amy E. Butler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0791453200

ISBN-13: 9780791453209

Pub. Date: 04/28/2002

Publisher: State University of New York Press

In Two Paths to Equality, Amy E. Butler provides a fascinating portrait of two of the major adversaries in the 1920s’ battle over equal rights legislation for women in the United States—Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith. While they shared the goal of full political and legal equality for women, they differed on how best to achieve it. Paul, the author of the

Overview

In Two Paths to Equality, Amy E. Butler provides a fascinating portrait of two of the major adversaries in the 1920s’ battle over equal rights legislation for women in the United States—Alice Paul and Ethel M. Smith. While they shared the goal of full political and legal equality for women, they differed on how best to achieve it. Paul, the author of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and leader of the National Woman’s Party, fought to establish that women were the same as men under the law. Smith, legislative secretary of the National Women’s Trade Union League and a recognized leader of the opposition to the ERA, believed the ERA did not adequately consider the impact of class and economic differences in women’s lives and consequently would sacrifice the interests of one group of women to another. Smith and Paul’s conflict is a telling story of the inextricable relationship between personal politics, collective action, and the intersection of law and culture on the social construction of gender. Comparing their perspectives on equality creates a new understanding of the people and issues at stake in the ERA debate.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791453209
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
04/28/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
177
Product dimensions:
5.70(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsix
Introduction: The Elusive Search for Equal Rights in the Twentieth Century1
Chapter 1"To the Victor Belong the Spoils": The Merits of a Combined Suffrage and Labor Agenda, 1877-192012
Chapter 2From Charity Organization to Militant Protest: Alice Paul's Rise to Prominence, 1885-192033
Chapter 3"[S]ome Group of Women Must Keep Developing the Power of Women As a Class": The National Woman's Party, 1921-192355
Chapter 4"Women's Biggest Battle Is Yet to Be Fought": Ethel M. Smith and the Women's Trade Union League, 1921-192372
Chapter 5The ERA v. Women's Minimum Wage: The Legal Debate Between Paul and Smith, 1921-192390
Conclusion: Two Paths to Equality: The Difference It Makes108
Notes115
Bibliography151
Index163

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