The Two Princes of Calabar: An Eighteenth-Century Atlantic Odyssey / Edition 1by Randy J. Sparks
Pub. Date: 03/31/2004
Publisher: Harvard University Press
In 1767, two "princes" of a ruling family in the port of Old Calabar, on the slave coast of Africa, were ambushed and captured by English slavers. The princes, Little Ephraim Robin John and Ancona Robin Robin John, were themselves slave traders who were betrayed by African competitorsand so began their own extraordinary odyssey of enslavement. Their story,
In 1767, two "princes" of a ruling family in the port of Old Calabar, on the slave coast of Africa, were ambushed and captured by English slavers. The princes, Little Ephraim Robin John and Ancona Robin Robin John, were themselves slave traders who were betrayed by African competitorsand so began their own extraordinary odyssey of enslavement. Their story, written in their own hand, survives as a rare firsthand account of the Atlantic slave experience.
Randy Sparks made the remarkable discovery of the princes' correspondence and has managed to reconstruct their adventures from it. They were transported from the coast of Africa to Dominica, where they were sold to a French physician. By employing their considerable language and interpersonal skills, they cleverly negotiated several escapes that took them from the Caribbean to Virginia, and to England, but always ended in their being enslaved again. Finally, in England, they sued for, and remarkably won, their freedom. Eventually, they found their way back to Old Calabar and, evidence suggests, resumed their business of slave trading.
The Two Princes of Calabar offers a rare glimpse into the eighteenth-century Atlantic World and slave trade from an African perspective. It brings us into the trading communities along the coast of Africa and follows the regular movement of goods, people, and ideas across and around the Atlantic. It is an extraordinary tale of slaves' relentless quest for freedom and their important role in the creation of the modern Atlantic World.
- Harvard University Press
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- New Edition
- Product dimensions:
- (w) x 8.00(h) x 0.56(d)
Table of Contents
1. "A Very Bloody Transaction": Old Calabar and the Massacre of 1767
2. "Nothing But Sivellety and Fare Trade": Old Calabar and the Impact of the Slave Trade on an African Society
3. "This Deplorable Condition": The Robin Johns' Enslavement in British America
4. "We Were Free People": Bristol, the English Courts, and the Question of Slavery
5. "A Very Blessed Time": The Robin Johns and English Methodism
6. "We Go Home to Old Calabar": The Robin Johns' Legacy in Old Calabar and England
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