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Ulster Scots Speech

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This book examines phonological variation of the inhabitants of Coleraine, a small town in Northern Ireland. Its purpose is to identify some of the mechanisms involved in language change by focusing on one variety of Hiberno-English ? Ulster Scots ? in a small urban community. Kingsmore concentrates in particular on the social and family networks of this urban working-class community and their influence on the status and stigma of competing nonstandard pronunciations.

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Overview

This book examines phonological variation of the inhabitants of Coleraine, a small town in Northern Ireland. Its purpose is to identify some of the mechanisms involved in language change by focusing on one variety of Hiberno-English – Ulster Scots – in a small urban community. Kingsmore concentrates in particular on the social and family networks of this urban working-class community and their influence on the status and stigma of competing nonstandard pronunciations.

            The author identifies some of the innovators of phonological change and some social and linguistic barriers to change. This quantitative study focuses on the effect of gender on language variation and change. In addition, Kingsmore describes conflicting pressures between urban and rural varieties and examines the extent of influence of a larger urban center on a smaller urban center. Her sociolinguistic methodology is innovative and insightful.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“A solid contribution to our knowledge of Ulster speech that enhances our understanding of the role that social networks play in language variation.” – Guy Bailey, University of Memphis

“Kingsmore’s study makes a substantial contribution. Her success with the family model should encourage its broader application; her valuable critique of former research will engender, one hopes, a new round of research free from the weaknesses she discovers; her hypothesizing on factors of change is stimulating, especially her challenge to traditional notions of gendered variation.” – Thomas E. Nunnally, Auburn University

Booknews
Examines the phonological variation among the inhabitants of Coleraine, an urban working-class community in Northern Ireland in order to identify some of the mechanisms involved in language change. Focuses on the social and family networks and how they influence the status and stigma of competing nonstandard pronunciations. Many of the issues addressed are at the center of debates in US colleges about the use of nonstandard English. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR booknews.com
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780817307110
  • Publisher: University of Alabama Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/1995
  • Pages: 272
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Rona K. Kingsmore is Adjunct Professor at Columbia International University.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Tables in Appendix
Acknowledgments
Foreword
Preface 1
1 Coleraine: Geographical and Historical Setting 5
1.1 Northern Ireland 5
1.2 Geographical setting of Coleraine 8
1.3 Early history of Coleraine 9
1.4 Plantation of Ulster 10
1.5 Modern-day Coleraine 14
2 Linguistic Setting 18
2.1 Irish Gaelic influence 18
2.2 Modern Ulster English 20
2.3 Scottish vowel length rule 22
2.4 Ulster dialects 23
2.5 Ulster Scots dialect 23
2.6 Mid-Ulster dialect 26
2.7 Belfast vernacular 26
2.8 Regional modified Ulster standard 29
2.9 Received pronunciation 30
2.10 Elocution 31
2.11 North American English 33
2.12 Language and religion 34
3 Methodology 37
3.1 Early dialectology 37
3.2 Structural linguistics 38
3.3 Sociolinguistics 39
3.4 Data analysis 41
3.5 Number of tokens 41
3.6 Data collection 42
3.7 Sample size 43
3.8 Style 44
3.9 Group interaction 46
3.10 Community and network 47
3.11 Data collection using a network model 49
3.12 Social networks and related concepts 50
3.13 Structure and content of social networks 51
4 The Family Model 53
4.1 Introduction 53
4.2 Previous family-based studies 54
4.3 Location and method 55
4.4 Social characteristics of the sample 57
4.5 Refusals 57
4.6 Social and family network of informants 58
4.7 Housing and friendship networks 58
4.8 Data collection 61
4.9 Participants, topics, and place of recordings 61
5 Nonlinguistic Variables 65
5.1 Social class 65
5.2 Social network 70
5.3 Religion 77
5.4 Sex 80
5.5 Age 83
5.6 Areal differences 89
5.7 Style 92
6 ng Variable 100
6.1 Introduction 100
6.2 Historical background of [n] variant 101
6.3 Phonetic variation of ng variable 101
6.4 Lexical class 101
6.5 Sociolinguistic results 103
7 l Variable 111
7.1 Phonetic description of /l/ 111
7.2 Historical considerations 115
7.3 Previous references to /l/ in Irish speech 115
7.4 Coarticulation of /l/ in R.P. 116
7.5 Sociolinguistic considerations 117
7.6 Scoring procedures 120
7.7 Results 120
8 t Variable 138
8.1 /t/ dentality [tr] 139
8.2 /t/ deletion 139
8.3 [d] variant 140
8.4 Glottal stop [?] 141
8.5 Results 154
9 Summary and Conclusions 186
9.1 Social aspects of variation and change 187
9.2 Phonological aspects 193
Appendix 196
References 221
Index 237
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