UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: Operational and Legal Issues in Practice

UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: Operational and Legal Issues in Practice

by Ray Murphy
     
 

The concept of UN peacekeeping has had to evolve and change to meet the challenges of contemporary sources of conflict; consequently, peacekeeping operations have grown rapidly in number and complexity. This book examines a number of issues associated with contemporary multinational peace operations, and seeks to provide insights into the problems that arise in… See more details below

Overview

The concept of UN peacekeeping has had to evolve and change to meet the challenges of contemporary sources of conflict; consequently, peacekeeping operations have grown rapidly in number and complexity. This book examines a number of issues associated with contemporary multinational peace operations, and seeks to provide insights into the problems that arise in establishing and deploying such forces to meet the challenges of current conflicts.

The focus of the book is three case studies (Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo), involving a comparative analysis of the traditional peacekeeping in Lebanon, the more robust peace enforcement mission in Somalia and the international administration undertaken on behalf of the international community in Kosovo. The book analyses the lessons that may be learned from these operations in terms of mandates, command and control, use of force and the relevance of international humanitarian and human rights law to such operations.

About the Author:
Dr Ray Murphy is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the Irish centre for Human Rights, National University of Galway, Ireland

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521114448
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
06/25/2009
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents


Preface and acknowledgments     xi
Maps     xiii
Introduction     1
The UN and peacekeeping operations     1
Peacekeeping and enforcement operations     8
Collective security and the role of the Security Council     11
Peacekeeping and contemporary issues     12
The structure of the book     24
The political and diplomatic background to the establishment of peace support operations in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo     33
Introduction     33
Factors influencing the decision to intervene     34
Response to the interventions in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo     37
The case of Lebanon     37
Security Council fails to support UNIFIL     43
Lack of co-operation from the parties in Lebanon     45
The case of Somalia     48
Deployment of UNOSOM I     50
Options facing the Secretary-General and the deployment of UNITAF     55
The dilemma of disarmament and the creation of a safe environment in Somalia     60
Reconciliation and mediation efforts in Somalia and Lebanon     63
Intervention in Kosovo     69
Operation Allied Force: the NATO air campaign     75
The Military Technical Agreement and UNResolution 1244     77
Creation of provisional institutions of self-government and the protection of minorities in Kosovo     81
Constitutional Framework for Provisional Self-Government     84
The security deficit and the de facto partition of Kosovo     86
The problem of parallel political structures     89
Military effectiveness and problems of command and control     93
UNOSOM II     93
UNIFIL     96
KFOR     96
Deficiencies in the UN organisation and structures     97
Conclusion     100
Legal framework of UN peacekeeping forces and issues of command and control     106
Introduction     106
Legal framework of UN operations and the SOFA     107
UNIFIL     110
KFOR     112
Consequences for Irish and Canadian personnel in breach of UN regulations     114
Command and control     115
Command and control of peacekeeping operations     121
Command and control of UN forces in Somalia     125
Command and control of Canadian forces     134
Constitutional issues arising in the command of Irish forces     139
Conclusion     144
United Nations peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo, and the use of force     148
Introduction     148
The establishment of peace support operations in Somalia, Lebanon and Kosovo     153
Somalia     153
Lebanon     155
Kosovo     156
Standing operating procedures and rules of engagement     158
Lebanon     173
When to use force to implement the UNIFIL mandate?     173
Escalating the response and the tactical use of force     176
Confrontation at At-Tiri and the adoption of Resolution 467 (1980)     179
Somalia     185
The strategic use of force     185
Conflicting interpretations of the concept of operations and the slide into combat     187
Kosovo     195
Conclusion     203
UN military operations and international humanitarian and human rights law     214
Introduction     214
Human rights and humanitarian law     217
Humanitarian law and armed conflicts     220
International human rights law     226
Sexual abuse and peacekeeping operations     230
International and non-international armed conflicts     238
Humanitarian law and UN operations     241
The United Nations position     246
The ICRC position     253
The 1994 Convention on the Safety of UN and Associated Personnel     255
Humanitarian law and UN forces in Lebanon and Somalia     262
The predicament of UNIFIL     262
Summary     270
Somalia     271
Summary: practical difficulties applying the Conventions in Somalia     276
Kosovo     279
Conclusion     285
Conclusion     294
The need for UN reform     294
Intervention     296
Operational and legal issues     298
Unrealistic expectations     300
Lack of accountability     301
The UN, NATO and Kosovo     304
Lessons for the future     307
Resolutions of the Security Council: UNIFIL     312
Resolutions of the Security Council: Somalia     315
Resolutions of the Security Council: Kosovo     326
Bibliography     333
Index     369

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