Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in European and American Thought, 1870-1920

Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in European and American Thought, 1870-1920

by James T. Kloppenberg, James T. Kloppenberg, James T Kloppenberg
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195053044

ISBN-13: 9780195053043

Pub. Date: 03/28/1988

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Between 1870 and 1920, two generations of European and American intellectuals created a transatlantic community of philosophical and political discourse. Uncertain Victory, the first comparative study of ideas and politics in France, Germany, the U.S., and Great Britain during these fifty years, demonstrates how a number of thinkers from different traditions

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Overview

Between 1870 and 1920, two generations of European and American intellectuals created a transatlantic community of philosophical and political discourse. Uncertain Victory, the first comparative study of ideas and politics in France, Germany, the U.S., and Great Britain during these fifty years, demonstrates how a number of thinkers from different traditions converged to create the theoretical foundations for new programs of social democracy and progressivism. Kloppenberg studies a wide range of pivotal theorists and activists—including philosophers such as William James, Wilhelm Dilthey, and T. H. Green, democratic socialists such as Jean Jaurès, Walter Rauschenbusch, Eduard Bernstein, and Beatrice and Sidney Webb, and social theorists such as John Dewey and Max Weber—as he establishes the connection between the philosophers' challenges to the traditions of empiricism and idealism and the activists' opposition to the traditions of laissez-faire liberalism and revolutionary socialism. By demonstrating a link between a philosophy of self-conscious uncertainty and a politics of continuing democratic experimentation, and by highlighting previously unrecognized similarities among a number of prominent 19th- and 20th-century thinkers, Uncertain Victory is sure to spur a reassessment of the relationship between ideas and politics on both sides of the Atlantic.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195053043
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
03/28/1988
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
560
Sales rank:
1,391,138
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.13(h) x 1.12(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction3
Part 1
Chapter 1.The Philosophy of the Via Media15
1.Beyond Kant: Religion and Science in Nineteenth-Century Thought15
2.Portraits: A Generation of Radical Philosophers26
3.Clearing the Field: Critiques of Associationism and Idealism46
Chapter 2.The Radical Theory of Knowledge64
1.The Immediacy of Lived Experience64
2.The Consciousness of Continuity and the Continuity of Consciousness73
3.Voluntary Action and Pragmatic Truth79
Chapter 3.Culture, Understanding, and History95
1.The Social and Meaningful Quality of Experience95
2.Interpretation as a Means of Knowing100
3.The Historical Sensibility107
Chapter 4.The Ethics of Rational Benevolence115
1.Beyond Utilitarianism and Intuitionism115
2.The Conflict Between Prudence and Justice123
3.The Historicity of Ethics and the Burden of Responsibility132
Chapter 5.From Philosophy to Politics145
1.The Politics of the Via Media145
2.Political Reform and the Role of Intellectuals160
3.Resurrecting the Common Good170
Part 2
Chapter 6.From Socialism to Social Democracy199
1.The Origins of Social Democracy199
2.The Critique of Socialist Reason224
3.Rethinking Economic Theory: Where Marx Went Wrong239
Chapter 7.Social Democratic Politics247
1.Reform Strategy and the Tactics of Liberal Alliance247
2.Democracy and the Problem of Expertise267
3.Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity Reconsidered277
Chapter 8.From Liberalism to Progressivism298
1.Drifting from Liberalism298
2.Understanding Social Experience329
3.The Problem of Ethics in a Disenchanted World340
Chapter 9.Progressive Politics349
1.Political Action and Cultural Change349
2.Progressive Education373
3.Bureaucracy versus Democracy381
Chapter 10.The Prospect of Justice395
1.Freedom and Property395
2.Toward a Harmony of Free Wills401
3.Conclusion: Knowledge, Responsibility, and Reform410
Notes417
Bibliography511
Index529

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