Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis, Seventh Edition / Edition 7

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Crucial to research in molecular biology, medicine, geology, food science, materials science, and many other fields, analytical instrumentation is used by many scientists and engineers who are not chemists. Undergraduate Instrumental Analysis, Seventh Edition provides users of analytical instrumentation with an understanding of these instruments, covering all major fields of modern instrumentation. Following the tradition of earlier editions, this text is designed for teaching undergraduates and those with no analytical chemistry background how contemporary analytical instrumentation works, as well as its uses and limitations.

Each chapter provides a discussion of the fundamental principles underlying the techniques, descriptions of the instrumentation, and numerous applications. The chapters also contain updated bibliographies and problems, and most have suggested experiments appropriate to the techniques. This completely revised and updated edition covers subjects in more detail, such as a completely revised x-ray chapter, expanded coverage of electroanalytical techniques, and expansion of chromatography and mass spectrometry topics to reflect the predominance of these instruments in laboratories. This includes state-of-the-art sample introduction and mass analyzers, and the latest developments in UPLC and hyphenated techniques. The book also contains new graphics and addresses several new topics:

  • Ion mobility spectrometry
  • Time domain NMR (relaxometry)
  • Electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR, EPR)
  • Forensic science and bioanalytical applications
  • Microcalorimetry and optical thermal instruments
  • Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)

This text uniquely combines instrumental analysis with organic spectral interpretation (IR, NMR, and MS). It provides detailed coverage of sampling, sample handling, sample storage, and sample preparation. In addition, the authors have included many instrument manufacturers’ websites, which contain extensive resources.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420061352
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 7/25/2014
  • Edition description: Revised
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 1264
  • Sales rank: 841,129
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.20 (h) x 2.50 (d)

Meet the Author

James W. Robinson earned his B.Sc. (Hons), PhD, and D.Sc. from the University of Birmingham, England. He is professor emeritus of chemistry, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. A fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, he is the author of 250 professional papers, book chapters, and several books including Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy and Atomic Spectroscopy, first and second editions. He was editor in chief of Spectroscopy Letters and the Journal of Environmental Science and Health (both Marcel Dekker, Inc.); executive editor of Handbook of Spectroscopy Vol. 1 – 1974, Vol. 2 – 1974, Vol. 3 – 1981; and Practical Handbook of Spectroscopy— 1991 (all CRC Press). He served on the National University Accreditation Committee from 1970-1971. He was a visiting distinguished professor at University of Colorado – 1972 and University of Sydney, Australia – 1975. He served as the Gordon Conference Chairman in Analytical Chemistry – 1974.

Eileen M. Skelly Frame heads a private consulting company, Full Spectrum Analytical Consultants and is Adjunct Professor, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York. Dr. Skelly Frame has extensive industrial experience in the use of instrumental analysis to characterize a wide variety of substances, from biological samples and cosmetics to high-temperature superconductors, polymers, metals, and alloys. She is a member of the American Chemical Society and ASTM International. Dr. Skelly Frame earned her BS in chemistry from Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and her PhD in analytical chemistry from Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.

George M. Frame II is a retired scientific director, Chemical Biomonitoring Section of the Wadsworth Laboratory, New York State Department of Health, Albany and is a private consultant. He has a wide range of experience in analytical chemistry and has worked at GE Corporate R&D Center, Pfizer Central Research, U.S. Coast Guard R&D Center, Maine Medical Center, and in the United States Air Force Biomedical Sciences Corps. He is a member of the American Chemical Society. Dr. Frame earned his AB in chemistry from Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and his PhD in analytical chemistry from Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

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Table of Contents

Concepts of Instrumental Analytical Chemistry
Introduction: What is Analytical Chemistry?
Analytical Approach
Basic Statistics and Data Handling
Sample Preparation
Performing the Measurement
Assessing the Data

Introduction to Spectroscopy
Interaction Between Electromagnetic Radiation and Matter
Atoms and Atomic Spectroscopy
Molecules and Molecular Spectroscopy
Absorption Laws
Methods of Calibration
Optical Systems Used in Spectroscopy
Spectroscopic Technique and Instrument Nomenclature
Suggested experiments

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Introduction
The FTNMR Experiment
Chemical Shifts
Spin–Spin Coupling
Analytical Applications of NMR
Hyphenated NMR Techniques
NMR Imaging and MRI
Time Domain NMR
Low-Field, Portable, and Miniature NMR Instruments
Limitations of NMR
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Suggested Experiments
Spectral Databases

Infrared, Near-Infrared, and Raman Spectroscopy
Absorption of IR Radiation by Molecules
IR Instrumentation
Sampling Techniques
FTIR Microscopy
Nondispersive IR Systems
Analytical Applications of IR Spectroscopy
NIR Spectroscopy
Raman Spectroscopy
Chemical Imaging Using NIR, IR, and Raman Spectroscopy
Suggested Experiments
Spectral Databases

Visible and Ultraviolet Molecular Spectroscopy
UV Absorption Spectra of Molecules
UV Spectra and the Structure of Organic Molecules
Analytical Applications
Accuracy and Precision in UV/Vis Absorption Spectrometry
Nephelometry and Turbidimetry
Molecular Emission Spectrometry
Instrumentation for Luminescence Measurements
Analytical Applications of Luminescence
Suggested Experiments

Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Absorption of Radiant Energy by Atoms
Atomization Process
Interferences in AAS
Analytical Applications of AAS
Suggested Experiments

Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
Flame Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
Atomic OES
Plasma Emission Spectroscopy
GD Emission Spectrometry
Commercial Atomic Emission Systems
Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Atomic Emission Literature and Resources
Comparison of Atomic Spectroscopic and ICP-MS Techniques
Suggested experiments

X-Ray Spectroscopy (Contributing authors: Alexander Seyfarth and Eileen Skelly Frame)
Origin of X-Ray Spectra
X-Ray Fluorescence
X-Ray Absorption
X-Ray Diffraction
X-Ray Emission
Commercial X-Ray Instrument Manufacturers
Suggested Experiments

Mass Spectrometry I: Principles and Instrumentation
Principles of MS
Ion Mobility Spectrometry

Mass Spectrometry II: Spectral Interpretation and Applications
Interpretation of Mass Spectra: Structural Determination of Simple Molecules
Mass Spectral Interpretation: Some Examples
Applications of Molecular MS
Atomic MS

Principles of Chromatography
Introduction to Chromatography
What is the Chromatographic Process?
Chromatography in More than One Dimension
Visualization of the Chromatographic Process at the Molecular Level: Analogy to "People on a Moving Belt Slideway"
Digression on the Central Role of Silicon–Oxygen Compounds in Chromatography
Basic Equations Describing Chromatographic Separations
How Do Column Variables Affect Efficiency (Plate Height)?
Practical Optimization of Chromatographic Separations
Extra-Column Band Broadening Effects
Qualitative Chromatography: Analyte Identification
Quantitative Measurements in Chromatography
Examples of Chromatographic Calculations

Gas Chromatography
Historical Development of GC: The First Chromatographic Instrumentation
Advances in GC Leading to Present-Day Instrumentation
GC Instrument Component Design (Injectors)
GC Instrument Component Design (The Column)
GC Instrument Operation (Column Dimensions and Elution Values)
GC Instrument Operation (Column Temperature and Elution Values)
GC Instrument Component Design (Detectors)
Hyphenated GC Techniques (GC-MS, GC-IR, GC-GC, or D-GC)
Retention Indices (A Generalization of Relative Rt Information)
Scope of GC Analyses
Appendix 12.1

Chromatography with Liquid Mobile Phases
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
Chromatography of Ions Dissolved in Liquids
Affinity Chromatography
Size-Exclusion Chromatography
Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
Planar Chromatography and Planar Electrophoresis
Problems and Exercises
Appendix 13.A

Surface Analysis
Electron Spectroscopy Techniques
Ion Scattering Spectroscopy
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
Electron Microprobe (Electron Probe Microanalysis)

Electroanalytical Chemistry
Fundamentals of Electrochemistry
Electrochemical Cells
Electroanalytical Methods
Liquid Chromatography Detectors
Quartz Crystal Microbalance
Suggested Experiments
Appendix 15.A

Thermal Analysis
Differential Thermal Analysis
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Hyphenated Techniques
Thermometric Titrimetry
Direct Injection Enthalpimetry
Thermomechanical Analysis and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
Optical Thermal Analysis
Suggested Experiments

Acronyms Index

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