Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology / Edition 2

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Overview

This collection of 49 readings with extensive background description exposes students to the breadth of theoretical perspectives and issues in the field of medical anthropology. The text provides specific examples and case studies of research as it is applied to a range of health settings: from cross-cultural clinical encounters to cultural analysis of new biomedical technologies to the implementation of programs in global health settings.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Compiles 43 readings selected for readability, a mix of classic and more recent contributions, a range in theoretical orientation and difficulty, and ethnographic variation. Part I discusses topics pertaining to biocultural and cultural approaches. Part II presents applications of medical anthropology including case studies, ethnicity and health care, stigma and coping with chronic illness, gender and women's health, culture and nutrition, and international health issues and programs. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073405384
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 5/18/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 109,372
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter J. Brown teaches at Emory University. He is a professor in the Department of Anthropology, Emory College of Arts and Sciences and also a professor in the Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health. He serves as the Director of Emory’s Center for Health, Culture and Society. He has co-edited : The Anthropology of Infectious Diseases; Emerging Illnesses and Society: Negotiating the Public Health Agenda; Applying Anthropology (9th edition); and Applying Cultural Anthropology (8th edition). His research primarily deals with sociocultural aspects of malaria and its control, and he serves on a malaria-related Scientific Advisory Committee for the World Health Organization. He has an additional research interest on cultural issues in obesity and its related chronic diseases. Recipient of several teaching awards, he is a director of a new program "Global Health, Culture and Society" at Emory College.

Ron Barrett is a medical anthropologist and assistant professor at Emory University. His research interests concern the social dynamics of infectious diseases, religious healing, and decision-making at the end of life in both India and the United States. His study of religious healing and the stigma of leprosy is the subject of a book: Aghor Medicine: Pollution, Death, and Healing in Northern India (University of California Press). Barrett is also a registered nurse with clinical experience in hospice, neuro-intensive care, and brain injury rehabilitation.

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Table of Contents

* indicates new to the Second Edition

To the Instructor

To the Student
Part I. Understanding Medical Anthropology: Biosocial and Cultural Approaches


1. Peter J. Brown, Ronald L. Barrett, Mark B. Padilla, and Erin P. Finley, Medical Anthropology: An Introduction to the Fields

Biosocial Approaches

Evolution, Health and Medicine

2. S. Boyd Eaton, Marjorie Shostak, and Melvin Konner, Stone Agers in the Fast Lane: Chronic Degenerative Diseases in Evolutionary Perspective

3. *R. Nesse, Culture and Medicine: How is Darwinian Medicine Useful?

Human Biological Variation

4. *Barry Bogin, The Tall and the Short of It

5. *Alan Goodman, Why Genes Don't Count (For Racial Differences in Health)

6. *Nina Jabolonski and George Chaplin, Skin Deep

Bioarchaeology and the History of Health

7. George Armelagos, Health and Disease in Prehistoric Populations in Transition

8. Thomas McKeown, Determinants of Health

Cultural Approaches

Cultural and Political Ecologies of Disease

9. Peter J. Brown, Cultural Adaptations to Endemic Malaria in Sardinia

10. Paul Farmer, Social Inequalities and Emerging Infectious Disease

11. *Merrill Singer, Why is it Easier to Get Drugs than Drug Treatment in the United States?

Ethnomedicine and Healers

12. George M. Foster, Disease Etiologies in Non-Western Medical Systems

13. Melvin Konner, Transcendental Medication

14. *Dan W. Blumhagen, The Doctor's White Coat: The Image of the Physician in Modern America

Belief and Healing

15. Claude Levi-Strauss, The Sorcerer and His Magic

16. *Daniel Moerman, Doctors and Patients: The Role of Clinicians in the Placebo Effect

17. Robert A. Hahn, The Nocebo Phenomenon: Concept, Evidence, and implications for Public Health

The Meaning and Experience of Illness

18. Nancy E. Waxler, Learning to Be a Leper: A Case Study in the Social Construction of Illness

19. *Linda M. Hunt, Strategic Suffering: Illness Narratives as Social Empowerment among Mexican Cancer Patients

20. Robert F. Murphy, The Damaged Self

Biomedicine, Technology, and the Body

21. Rayna Rapp, Accounting for Amniocentesis

22. *Marcia Inhorn, Religion and Reproductive Technologies

23. *Carrie Friese, Gay Becker, and Robert Nachtigall, Rethinking the Biological Clock: Eleventh Hour Moms, Miracle Moms, and the Meanings of Age-Related Infertility

24. *Margaret Lock, Inventing a New Death and Making it Believable

Culture, Illness, and Mental Health

25. Arthur Kleinman, Do Psychiatric Disorders Differ in Different Cultures?

26. Arthur J. Rubel, The Epidemiology of a Folk Illness: Susto in Hispanic America

27. *Chikako Ozawa-DeSilva, Seeking to Escape the Suffering of Existence: Internet Suicide in Japan
Part II. Applying Medical Anthropology


Case Studies in Explanatory Models

28. W. Dressler, Ethnomedical Beliefs and Patient Adherence to a Treatment Regimen: A St. Lucien Example

29. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, based on work by Suzanne Heurtin-Roberts and Efrain Reisin, Health Beliefs and Compliance with Prescribed Medication for Hypertension Among Black Women - New Orleans 1985-86

Working with the Culture of Biomedicine

30. *Thomas Johnson, Anthropology and the World of Physicians

31. Elois Ann Berlin and William C. Fowkes, Jr., A Teaching Framework for Cross-Cultural Health Care

32. *Janelle S. Taylor, Confronting "Culture" In Medicine's "Culture of No Culture"

33. Arthur Kleinman and Peter Benson, Anthropology in the Clinic: The Problem of Cultural Competency and How to fix it

Ethnicity and Health Care

34. Robert T. Trotter, II, A Case of Lead Poisoning from Folk Remedies in Mexican American Communities

35. Merrill Singer, Freddie Valentin, Hans Baer, and Zhongke Jia, Why Does Juan García Have a Drinking Problem? The Perspective of Critical Medical Anthropology

36. *Leandris Liburd, Apophia Namageyo-Funa, Leonard Jack, Understanding "Masculinity" and the Challenges of Managing Type-2 Diabetes among African-American Men

Stigma and Coping with Chronic Illness

37. Gaylene Becker, Coping with Stigma: Lifelong Adaptation of Deaf People

38. Marcia C. Inhorn, Genital Herpes: An Ethnographic Inquiry into Being Discreditable in American Society

39. *Ronald Barrett and Peter J. Brown, Stigma in the Time of Influenza: Social and Institutional Responses to Pandemic Emergencies

40. Paul Farmer and Arthur Kleinman, AIDS as Human Suffering

Gender and Health

41. Emily Martin, Medical Metaphors of Women's Bodies: Menstruation and Menopause

42. Candace West, Turn-Taking in Doctor-Patient Dialogues

43. Nancy Scheper-Hughes, Culture, Scarcity, and Maternal Thinking: Maternal Detachment and Infant Survival in a Brazilian Shantytown

Culture and Nutrition: Fat and Thin

44. Katherine A. Dettwyler, The Biocultural Approach in Nutritional Anthropology: Case Studies of Malnutrition in Mali

45. Peter J. Brown and Melvin Konner, An Anthropological Perspective on Obesity

Global Health Issues and Programs

46. Mark Nichter and Elizabeth Cartwright, Saving the Children for the Tobacco Industry

47. Carl Kendall, Dennis Foote, and Reynaldo Martorell, Ethnomedicine and Oral Rehydration Therapy: A Case Study of Ethnomedical Investigation and Program Planning

48. *Edward C Green, New Challenges to the AIDS Prevention Paradigm

References

Credits

Index
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