Understanding and Managing Oncologic Emergencies: A Resource for Nurses / Edition 2

Understanding and Managing Oncologic Emergencies: A Resource for Nurses / Edition 2

by Marcelle, Ed. Kaplan Ed.
     
 

ISBN-10: 1935864203

ISBN-13: 9781935864202

Pub. Date: 11/01/2012

Publisher: Oncology Nursing Society

As the prevalence of cancer in the population increases — due to an aging populus and increased survivorship — the need for nurses to recognize and apply the appropriate interventions when oncologic emergencies rise becomes even more important. The second edition of Understanding and Managing Oncologic Emergencies: A Resource for Nurses provides

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Overview

As the prevalence of cancer in the population increases — due to an aging populus and increased survivorship — the need for nurses to recognize and apply the appropriate interventions when oncologic emergencies rise becomes even more important. The second edition of Understanding and Managing Oncologic Emergencies: A Resource for Nurses provides nurses and other healthcare providers with a comprehensive resource on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, assessment, and management of common oncologic emergencies.Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition of this crucial resource continues to provide a definitive and practical one-stop guide to understanding and managing oncologic emergencies, with the nursing perspective in mind. In this new edition, you will find chapters on the most common oncologic emergencies including: Bleeding and thrombosis; Cardiac tamponade; Disseminated intravascular coagulation; Hypercalcemia of malignancy; Increased intracranial pressure; Infusion reactions; Malignant pleurel effusion; Sepsis and septic shock; Spinal cord compression; Superior vena cava syndrome; Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion; and Tumor lysis syndrome. Each chapter focuses on the epidemiology of the oncologic emergency, includes details on the pathophysiologic mechanisms, clinical manifestations, patient assessments, diagnostic evaluations, and therapeutic management modalities. Whether you're caring for patients who been newly diagnosed with cancer, are in the process of being treated, or have completed treatment years ago, you'll want to access the updated information that you'll find in this second edition.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781935864202
Publisher:
Oncology Nursing Society
Publication date:
11/01/2012
Product dimensions:
6.06(w) x 8.96(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Chapter 1 Bleeding and Thrombosis 1

Introduction 1

Incidence 3

Risk Factors 4

Pathophysiology 8

Clinical Manifestations 15

Patient Assessment 18

Diagnostic Evaluation 19

Treatment Modalities 23

Nursing Management 28

Patient and Caregiver Education 32

Conclusion 34

References 34

Chapter 2 Cardiac Tamponade 43

Introduction 43

Incidence 44

Risk Factors 44

Pathophysiology 47

Clinical Manifestations 49

Patient Assessment 51

Treatment Modalities 56

Additional Medical Management 63

Nursing Management 63

Patient and Caregiver Education 65

Conclusion 66

References 66

Chapter 3 Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation 69

Introduction 69

Normal Coagulation Process 70

Risk Factors and Incidence 73

Pathophysiology 81

Clinical Manifestations 84

Patient Assessment 86

Treatment Modalities 93

Nursing Management 99

Patient and Caregiver Education 99

Conclusion 100

References 100

Chapter 4 Hypercalcemia of Malignancy 103

Introduction 103

Incidence 104

Risk Factors 107

Normal Physiology 108

Pathophysiology 115

Clinical Manifestations 123

Grading Hypercalcemia in Malignant Disease 125

Patient Assessment and Diagnosis 126

Treatment Modalities 128

Nursing Management 146

End-of-Life Considerations 149

Patient and Caregiver Education 150

Conclusion 150

References 151

Chapter 5 Increased Intracranial Pressure 157

Introduction 157

Incidence 158

Risk Factors 159

Normal Brain Physiology 164

Pathophysiology 167

Clinical Manifestations 171

Patient Assessment 173

Treatment Modalities 178

Nursing Management 183

Symptom Management 192

Patient and Caregiver Education 192

Conclusion 193

References 193

Chapter 6 Infusion Reactions 199

Introduction 199

Hypersensitivity Reactions 200

Vesicant Extravasation 228

Transfusion Reactions to Blood Products 236

Conclusion 247

References 247

Chapter 7 Malignant Pleural Effusion 257

Introduction 257

Incidence 259

Risk Factors 259

Pathophysiology 260

Clinical Manifestations 263

Patient Assessment 263

Treatment Modalities 270

Nursing Management 281

Patient and Caregiver Education 284

Conclusion 284

References 284

Chapter 8 Sepsis and Septic Shock 287

Introduction 287

Definitions 288

Incidence 289

Risk Factors 290

Pathophysiology 291

Clinical Manifestations 294

Patient Assessment 297

Treatment Modalities 304

Nursing Management 318

Patient and Caregiver Education 325

Conclusion 326

References 326

Chapter 9 Spinal Cord Compression 337

Introduction 337

Incidence 338

Risk Factors 340

Pathophysiology 346

Clinical Manifestations 347

Prognostic Factors 353

Patient Assessment 354

Treatment Modalities 363

Nursing Management 370

Patient and Caregiver Education 378

Conclusion 379

References 379

Chapter 10 Superior Vena Cava Syndrome 385

Introduction 385

Incidence 386

Risk Factors 388

Pathophysiology 388

Clinical Manifestations 391

Patient Assessment 394

Treatment Modalities 398

Medical Management 402

Nursing Management 403

Patient and Caregiver Education 406

Conclusion 407

References 407

Chapter 11 Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion 411

Introduction 411

Incidence 412

Normal Physiology of Water Regulation 412

Pathophysiology 414

Risk Factors 414

Clinical Manifestations 417

Patient Assessment 419

Treatment Modalities 421

Nursing Management 425

Patient and Caregiver Education 428

Conclusion 429

References 429

Chapter 12 Tumor Lysis Syndrome 433

Introduction 433

Incidence 434

Risk Factors 435

Pathophysiology 438

Clinical Manifestations 440

Patient Assessment 442

Treatment Modalities 444

Nursing Management 452

Patient and Caregiver Education 456

Conclusion 456

References 457

Index 461

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