Understanding and Treating Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research, Theory, and Practice

Understanding and Treating Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research, Theory, and Practice

by Terry S Trepper, Glenn D Shean
     
 

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ISBN-10: 078901887X

ISBN-13: 9780789018878

Pub. Date: 02/28/2004

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Understanding and Treating Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research, Theory, and Practice is a comprehensive overview of schizophrenia and its treatment from a variety of approaches. The book presents a balanced look at the most influential theoretical perspectives based on empirical research, clinical descriptions, and narrative histories. Dr. Glenn Shean, author

Overview

Understanding and Treating Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research, Theory, and Practice is a comprehensive overview of schizophrenia and its treatment from a variety of approaches. The book presents a balanced look at the most influential theoretical perspectives based on empirical research, clinical descriptions, and narrative histories. Dr. Glenn Shean, author of Schizophrenia: An Introduction to Research and Theory, examines neurocognitive and neurodevelopmental models of brain dysfunction, psychodynamic and family factors, up-to-date pharmacological advances, and successful community programs for discharged patients suffering from this debilitating disorder. Understanding Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research and Theories presents a comprehensive review of evidence concerning the epidemiology and course and outcome of schizophrenia based on theoretical groupings and levels of analysis. The book examines the evolution of diagnostic criteria and guidelines, as well as stress-vulnerability and diathesis-stress models, providing critical reviews of biological, genetic, cognitive-behavioral, and phenomenological, approach to understanding and treating schizophrenia. Topics addressed in Understanding Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research and Theories include: the history of the concept of schizophrenia the writings of Emil Kraepelin and Eugene Bleuler changes in diagnostic guidelines in the last 50 years General System Theory Perspective diagnostic and statistical manuals Schneider's first rank symptoms and much more! Understanding Schizophrenia: Contemporary Research and Theories is an essential resource for undergraduate and graduate students working in psychology, psychiatry, nursing, social work, and social policy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780789018878
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
02/28/2004
Series:
Haworth Marriage and the Family Series
Pages:
342
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Section IThe Development, Evolution, Epidemiology, and Subsyndromes of Schizophrenia1
Chapter 1.History of the Concept of Schizophrenia3
The Premodern Period4
The Nineteenth Century6
Origins of the Concept of Schizophrenia8
Emil Kraepelin8
Adolph Meyer13
Eugen Bleuler14
Summary22
Chapter 2.Evolving Diagnostic Criteria23
Diagnosing Schizophrenia23
DSM-I24
DSM-II24
Problems with Diagnostic Reliability26
European Diagnostic Efforts27
Research Definitions30
DSM-III32
DSM-IV33
Reliability and Validity36
Summary37
Chapter 3.Epidemiology, Course, and Outcome39
Prevalence and Incidence39
Phases of Schizophrenia43
Long-Term Outcome46
Positive and Negative Symptoms50
Symptoms and Premorbid Predictors of Outcome52
Schizophrenia and Comorbid Substance Use52
The Role of Culture in Outcome: The WHO International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia (IPSS)53
Summary55
Chapter 4.Language, Thought, and Syndromes of Schizophrenia57
Delusions58
Categories of Symptoms63
Summary74
Section IIIntegrative Models and Levels of Analysis77
Chapter 5.Vulnerability-Stress Models79
A "Two-Hit" Biological Model of Diathesis Stress81
Vulnerability83
Stress85
Summary91
Chapter 6.Epistemology, General Systems Theory, and Schizophrenia93
General Systems Theory95
Summary96
Section IIIBiological Perspectives99
Chapter 7.Genetics and Schizophrenia101
Genetic Models101
The Nature of Genetic Influence103
Concordance Research104
Basic Genetic Research116
Summary119
Chapter 8.Neurobiological Models and Research123
Studies of Specific Brain Abnormalities126
Neurobiological Modular Systems and Clusters of Schizophrenia Symptoms128
Cognitive Dysmetria130
Modular Disjunction132
Dysfunctions in Interrelated Systems and Symptom Clusters134
Summary137
Chapter 9.Antipsychotic Medications and Neurochemical Theories139
Efficacy of Typical Antipsychotics140
The Dopamine Hypothesis142
Atypical Antipsychotics144
The Hyperdopaminergic Hypothesis and Glutamate147
Schizophrenia: A Neurotransmitter Imbalance Syndrome?148
Summary150
Section IVCognitive-Behavioral, Neurocognitive, and Neurodevelopmental Research153
Chapter 10.Neurocognitive and Neurodevelopmental Research155
Neurocognitive Indicators of Vulnerability155
Neurodevelopmental Precursors to Clinical Symptoms158
Therapies for Neurocognitive Deficits160
Summary162
Chapter 11.Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches and Therapies165
Applied Behavioral Analysis166
The Cognitive-Behavioral Approach168
Broad-Spectrum Cognitive Therapy169
Symptom-Focused Cognitive Interventions173
Social Cognition and Schizophrenia175
Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention Programs Tailored to Symptom Phase177
Personal Therapy (PT): A Disorder-Relevant Therapy191
Summary195
Section VPsychodynamic, Phenomenological, and Family-based Theories197
Chapter 12.Psychodynamic Theories: The Role of Early Experience199
Background200
Sullivan's Interpersonal Theory202
The Kleinian School205
Margaret Mahler216
Object Relations and Delusions218
Robbins' Hierarchical Systems/Psychoanalytical Model221
Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapies229
Summary231
Chapter 13.Phenomenology and Schizophrenia233
Delusions and the Relationship to the Outer World236
The Process of Delusion Formation236
Schizophrenic and Nonschizophrenic Delusions238
Daseinsanalysis238
Summary242
Chapter 14.Schizophrenia and the Family243
Murray Bowen and the Washington Group245
Theodore Lidz and the Yale Group247
Y. O. Alanen and Finnish Family Research251
The Palo Alto Group--Jackson, Bateson, Haley, Weakland, Satir, and Watzlawick253
Experimental Family Studies--Mishler and Waxler256
The Rochester Research Group--Wynne and Singer257
Nonreactive Family Research260
Summary263
Section VILife in the Community265
Chapter 15.Schizophrenia and Life in the Community267
Community Support and Recovery268
Model Programs271
The Importance of Work280
The Community Needs of the Severely Mentally Ill281
Summary284
Chapter 16.Conclusion287
References293
Index329

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