Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Readers seeking information about autism spectrum disorders often find it very difficult to find straightforward answers to their questions. In response to this, Diane Yapko has produced this practical resource in an easy to read question and answer format so readers can go directly to the questions that interest them. There is no need to sift through complex scientific literature or confusing professional jargon and readers can refer back to the text again and again as their needs dictate. Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders will prove an essential reference for parents, teachers and professionals working with individuals on the autism spectrum.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781843107569
  • Publisher: Kingsley, Jessica Publishers
  • Publication date: 5/15/2003
  • Pages: 226
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.48 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements 13
Introduction 17
Pt. 1 Diagnosis and Characteristics
1 What are Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)? 24
2 Is there a difference between High Functioning Autism and Asperger's Syndrome? 26
3 Are there medical tests to diagnose ASD? 28
4 How is ASD diagnosed? 29
5 What tests are used to diagnose ASD? 30
6 Who can diagnose ASD? 32
7 What are the common characteristics associated with a diagnosis of ASD? 34
8 At what age can ASD be diagnosed? 37
9 Are there gender differences in ASD? 39
10 How often does ASD occur? What is its prevalence? 39
11 Is there an ASD epidemic? 41
12 What conditions typically co-exist with ASD? 44
13 Can you cure ASD? 47
14 Are children with ASD mentally retarded? 47
15 What are the typical speech and language problems associated with ASD? 48
16 Are savant skills common in ASD? 52
17 What is Theory of Mind Deficit or Mindblindness? 52
18 What are Executive Function Deficits? 54
19 What are Central Coherence Deficits? 55
20 What are Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NLD)? 56
21 What is Hyperlexia? 57
22 What is Pathological Demand Avoidance Sydrome (PDA)? 57
Pt. 2 Causes
23 What causes ASD? 63
24 Is ASD genetic? 65
25 Is there an ASD gene? 66
26 What are the chances of having more than one ASD child? 68
27 Can immunizations/vaccines cause ASD? 69
28 Can parenting style cause ASD? 70
29 Are there environmental causes of ASD? 71
30 Does a chemical imbalance in the brain cause ASD? 73
31 What medical conditions can cause ASD? 74
32 Can "Leaking" or "Leaky Gut" cause ASD? 75
33 What is the Opioid Excess Theory? 75
Pt. 3 Medical Issues
34 Can ASD be identified before birth? 79
35 Can ASD be identified at birth? 79
36 Are specific parts of the brain affected in ASD? 80
37 Is the immune system affected in ASD? 82
38 Is the gastrointestinal system affected in ASD? 83
39 What role do environmental toxins and viruses have in ASD? 84
40 What role do allergies play in children with ASD? 85
41 What is the "DAN" protocol? 86
42 What is "PANDAS"? 87
43 What are "Leaky Gut" and "Celiac Disease"? 88
44 What is Secretin? 89
45 Do all children with ASD have seizures? 91
46 How do I know if my child is having seizures? 92
47 What medications are used with ASD individuals? 94
48 What is Purine Autism? 95
49 What is the Urine Peptide Test? 96
Pt. 4 Treatments and Intervention Programs and Approaches
50 What types of treatment approaches exist for ASD? 100
51 Are all treatment approaches equally beneficial? 107
52 How to I decide which intervention(s) are most appropriate for my child? 109
53 What are Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) and Discrete Trial Training (DTT)? 112
54 What is Pivotal Response Training (PRT)? 114
55 What is Floor Time and the Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-based approach (DIR)? 115
56 What is the SCERTS Model? 116
57 What is TEACCH? 117
58 What is Speech-Language Therapy? 118
59 What is Augmentative Communication (AC) and PECS? 120
60 What is Auditory Integration Training (AIT)? 123
61 What is Occupational Theory (OT)? 126
62 What is Sensory Integration Therapy (SI)? 127
63 What is Physical Therapy? 129
64 What is Art Therapy? 130
65 What is Animal Assisted Therapy? 130
66 What is Music Therapy? 131
67 What is Vision Therapy? 132
68 What diets are used to treat ASD individuals? 133
69 What vitamins and nutritional supplements are used with ASD individuals? 135
70 What is Immunotherapy? 137
71 What medications are used to treat ASD? 137
72 How is Melatonin used in treating ASD? 139
73 Are there specific interventions for toilet training? 139
74 Are there specific interventions for temper tantrums? 140
75 Are there specific interventions for social skills deficits? 141
76 Are there specific interventions for sleep disturbances? 144
77 Are there specific interventions for self-injurious behaviors? 146
78 Are there specific interventions for auditory processing problems? 148
Pt. 5 Resources/Organizations/Websites
79 What organizations are available for ASD individuals and their families? 153
80 What publications are available for ASD individuals and their families? 157
81 What other resources, websites and books are available for ASD individuals and their families? 163
82 What websites are available to provide therapy tools, learning activities and materials for working with ASD individuals? 197
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