Overview

Clinical journals are an essential source of information for all those involved with patients and the diagnosis and treatment at bedside. With the move towards evidence-based medicine, it is essential that all those involved with patients are able to first understand, and then evaluate journal articles, especially since recent years have witnessed a noticeable increase in the technical complexity of studies published by clinical journals. This volume equips clinicians with the skills required to understand ...
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Understanding Clinical Papers

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Overview

Clinical journals are an essential source of information for all those involved with patients and the diagnosis and treatment at bedside. With the move towards evidence-based medicine, it is essential that all those involved with patients are able to first understand, and then evaluate journal articles, especially since recent years have witnessed a noticeable increase in the technical complexity of studies published by clinical journals. This volume equips clinicians with the skills required to understand properly the methods used and judge the appropriateness of the conclusions drawn.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...this book is an excellent review of the components of a clinical paper and a worthwhile reference work." (Applied Clinical Trials, December 2001)

"I would recommend this publication to student nurses" (Primary Health Care, November 2001)

"clearly written utilizing real papers as examples" (Oncology, Vol.62, No.1, 2002)

"This friendly informal paperback book is a bargain at the price" (Quality in Health Care, December 2001)

"This is a most useful book which I would recommend in particular for students of all disciplines and practitioners involved in research activity." (Accident Emergency Nursing, January 2002)

"Any one of us reading clinical literature, preparing or reviewing material for publication would find this guide extremely useful and easy to read. I think that probably covers just about all of us!" (Pharmaceutical Physician, March 2002)

"...The results and concepts are explained simply and clearly..." (NeLH, 25 July 2002)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118760284
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/9/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 264
  • File size: 11 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

David Bowers, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UKBest selling author of Statistics from Scratch and Medical Statistics from Scratch.

Allan House, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK

David Owens, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
Pt. I Setting the Scene: Who Did What, and Why 1
1 Some Preliminaries 3
2 The Introduction 7
3 The Objectives 11
Pt. II Design Matters: What Type of Study Are You Reading About? 15
4 Descriptive Studies 17
5 Analytic Studies 23
6 Intervention Studies 31
Pt. III The Cast: Finding Out About the Subjects of the Research 37
7 The Research Setting 39
8 Populations and Samples 43
9 Identifying and Defining Cases 47
10 Controls and Comparisons 51
Pt. IV Establishing the Facts: Starting with Basic Observations 55
11 Identifying the Characteristics of Data 57
12 Summarising the Characteristics of Data 67
13 Measuring the Characteristics of Subjects 75
14 Measuring the Characteristics of Measures 81
Pt. V Establishing More of the Facts: Some Common Ways of Describing Results 87
15 Fractions, Proportions and Rates 89
16 Risk and Odds 91
17 Ratios of Risk and Odds 95
18 Confidence Intervals for Means, Proportions and Medians 101
19 Confidence Intervals for Ratios 109
Pt. VI Getting into Data Analysis: How and Why Statistical Tests Are Used, and Other Matters 115
20 Hypothesis Tests and p-Values 117
21 Measuring Association 127
22 Measuring Agreement 135
23 Linear Regression 141
24 Logistic Regression 151
25 Proportional (Cox) Regression 155
26 Systematic Reviewing and Meta-analysis 157
27 Measuring Survival 165
Pt. VII Reading Between the Lines: How Authors Use Text, Tables and Pictures to Tell you they've done 171
28 Results in Text and Tables 173
29 Results in Picture 181
30 The Discussion and the Conclusions 189
References 193
Index 197
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