Understanding Clinical Papers / Edition 2by David Bowers, Allan House, David Owens
Now in its second edition this book helps to unravel the process of evidence-based practice which requires clinicians to evaluate and collate information from the journals they read. The book uses actual papers to illustrate how to understand and evaluate published research, but goes beyond this to provide an explanation of a range of important research-related… See more details below
Now in its second edition this book helps to unravel the process of evidence-based practice which requires clinicians to evaluate and collate information from the journals they read. The book uses actual papers to illustrate how to understand and evaluate published research, but goes beyond this to provide an explanation of a range of important research-related topics.
This second edition has been markedly improved and extended, not only with the inclusion of a considerable amount of completely new material (including a chapter on measurement scales), but with a major sharpening of the existing text to improve clarity and flow. In addition, many of the examples taken from the literature have been updated to maintain the book's contemporary focus.
"The great strength of this book lies in the lively and accessible way in which it is written, making it particularly appealing to its target audience of practitioners and clinicians. Dealing with an already well-covered topic which can be dry and unpalatable, the authors manage to present their material in a colourful and interesting way. The language is clear and readable. It is well-structured, logically mirroring the sequence of good quality papers. The examples from studies are well chosen, interesting and at times entertaining in themselves. References are informative and help to contextualise the information. This is a most useful book which I would recommend in particular for students of all disciplines and practitioners involved in research activity." Accident & Emergency Nursing
"This book should be an essential addition to the personal libraries of all health care workers who need to use articles in journals. In these days of evidence-based medicine, this should apply to all physicians, nurses and other health professionals." Oncology
"The writing style is amazingly clear and does not require formal course work in biostatistics or epidemiology.... We strongly recommend it for beginners and for easy entry into a complex domain and to experts who we think will enjoy it and who will find it useful as they teach, advise and help others." Quality in Health Care
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Table of Contents
Preface to the First Edition.
Preface to the Second Edition.
PART I: SETTING THE SCENE: WHO DID WHAT, AND WHY.
1. Some Preliminaries.
2. The Abstract and Introduction.
3. The Objectives.
PART II: DESIGN MATTERS: WHAT TYPE OF STUDY ARE YOU READING ABOUT?
4. Descriptive Studies.
5. Analytic Studies.
6. Intervention Studies.
PART III: THE CAST: FINDING OUT ABOUT THE SUBJECTS OF THE RESEARCH.
7. The Research Setting.
8. Populations and Samples.
9. Identifying and Defining Cases.
10. Controls and Comparisons.
PART IV: ESTABLISHING THE FACTS: STARTING WITH BASIC OBSERVATIONS.
11. Identifying the Characteristics of Data.
12. Summarizing the Characteristics of Data.
13. Measuring the Characteristics of Subjects.
14. Measuring the Characteristics of Measures.
15. Measurement Scales.
PART V ESTABLISHING MORE OF THE FACTS: SOME COMMON WAYS OF DESCRIBING RESULTS.
16. Fractions, Proportions and Rates.
17. Risk and Odds.
18. Ratios of Risk and Odds.
PART VI ANALYSING THE DATA: ESTIMATION AND HYPOTHESIS TESTING.
19. Confidence Intervals for Means, Proportions, and Medians.
20. Confidence Intervals for Ratios.
21. Testing Hypotheses – the p-Value.
PART VII ANALYSING THE DATA: MULTIVARIABLE METHODS.
22. Measuring Association.
23. Measuring Agreement.
24. The Linear Regression Model.
25. The Logistic Regression Model.
26. Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
27. Measuring Survival.
PART VIII READING BETWEEN THE LINES: HOW AUTHORS USE TEXT, TABLES AND PICTURES TO TELL YOU WHAT THEY'VE DONE.
28. Results in Text and Tables.
29. Results in Pictures.
30. The Discussion and the Conclusions.
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