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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Diane M Tomasic, EdD, RN (Slippery Rock University )
Description: This book provides clinicians with information to assist them in evaluating and collecting research literature for evidence-based practice. Its focus is on components of a research article and readers will need a basic knowledge of research methodology as this is not a "how-to" book for research. The first edition was published in 2001.
Purpose: The purpose is to assist clinicians in reading research reports, particularly quantitative studies. The book provides a basic explanation of the structure of a research report and the vocabulary used.
Audience: The target audience includes clinicians engaged in practice and/or research and undergraduate and postgraduate college students in all medical and clinical disciplines which involve any element of research.
Features: This book is structured in units that mirror a published research study such as abstract, introduction, etc. The purpose of each component is given. Excerpts from published studies are used to illustrate the specific components of a research study. For example, in the chapter on populations and samples, the target population, study population, and sample are identified in the article for the reader. There are two shortcomings. The authors define hypothesis as a specific question suggested from prior research or theory; most research books define hypothesis as a declarative statement that identifies the relationship between two or more variables. The second is the lack of a glossary of terms that may be helpful to readers.
Assessment: This should be quite useful to the intended audience. With the emphasis on evidence-based practice, it is important that clinicians have the ability to read and comprehend a research study. This edition has a new chapter on measurement scales and new/expanded information on ethics, abstracts, consents, intervention studies, statistical analysis, and systematic reviews.