Understanding Clinical Papers / Edition 2

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Overview

Now in its Second Edition, this book helps to unravel the process of evidence-based practice, which requires clinicians to evaluate and collate information from the journals they read. Understanding Clinical Papers, Second Edition uses actual papers to illustrate how to understand and evaluate published research, but goes beyond this to provide an explanation of a range of important research-related topics.

Understanding Clinical Papers, Second Edition:

  • Covers everything necessary to understand a clinical research paper
  • Examples are illustrated and based uniquely on tables, abstracts and exerts from published clinical research papers
  • Amazingly clear, lively, accessible style
  • The new edition has been markedly improved and extended, containing, for example, new material on measurement scales, systematic reviews, writing a paper, statistics software and critical appraisal

“What strikes the reader... straight away is clarity… promises to become a recommended text for undergraduate and postgraduate courses." JOURNAL OF TROPICAL PEDIATRICS

“The writing style is amazingly clear and does not require formal course work in biostatistics or epidemiology…We strongly recommend it for beginners and for easy entry into a complex domain and to experts who we think will enjoy it and who will find it useful as they teach, advise and help others.” QUALITY IN HEALTH CARE 

“What makes this book unique is that each point presented is illustrated with excerpts from actual papers, often three or four per chapter... this is a very effective teaching device." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

“This book should be an essential addition to the personal libraries of all health care workers who need to use articles in journals. In these days of evidence-based medicine, this should apply to all physicians, nurses and other health professionals.” ONCOLOGY

Understanding Clinical Papers, Second Edition is an invaluable resource for everyone involved directly or indirectly in health care – an ultimate guide for those who read clinical literature.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Diane M Tomasic, EdD, RN (Slippery Rock University )
Description: This book provides clinicians with information to assist them in evaluating and collecting research literature for evidence-based practice. Its focus is on components of a research article and readers will need a basic knowledge of research methodology as this is not a "how-to" book for research. The first edition was published in 2001.
Purpose: The purpose is to assist clinicians in reading research reports, particularly quantitative studies. The book provides a basic explanation of the structure of a research report and the vocabulary used.
Audience: The target audience includes clinicians engaged in practice and/or research and undergraduate and postgraduate college students in all medical and clinical disciplines which involve any element of research.
Features: This book is structured in units that mirror a published research study such as abstract, introduction, etc. The purpose of each component is given. Excerpts from published studies are used to illustrate the specific components of a research study. For example, in the chapter on populations and samples, the target population, study population, and sample are identified in the article for the reader. There are two shortcomings. The authors define hypothesis as a specific question suggested from prior research or theory; most research books define hypothesis as a declarative statement that identifies the relationship between two or more variables. The second is the lack of a glossary of terms that may be helpful to readers.
Assessment: This should be quite useful to the intended audience. With the emphasis on evidence-based practice, it is important that clinicians have the ability to read and comprehend a research study. This edition has a new chapter on measurement scales and new/expanded information on ethics, abstracts, consents, intervention studies, statistical analysis, and systematic reviews.
From the Publisher
"Reading it will definitely enhance one's ability to distinguish the robust from the not so robust. Worthy of space in a departmental library." (UROLOGY NEWS, July 2010)

"…an excellent basis for all who intend to write scientific texts as well as those reading, evaluating, and trying to understand the results…" (Clinical Chemistry, May 2007)

"What makes this book unique is that each point presented is illustrated with excerpts from actual papers, often three or four per chapter...this is a very effective teaching device." (Journal of the American Medical Association, December 26, 2006)

"This should be quite useful to the intended audience." (Doody's Health Services)

"What strikes the reader ... straight away is clarity … promises to become a recommended text for undergraduate and postgraduate courses." (Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, September 2006)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470091302
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/19/2006
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 244
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 0.55 (d)

Meet the Author

David Bowers, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UKBest selling author of Statistics from Scratch and Medical Statistics from Scratch.

Allan House, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK

David Owens, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, UK

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Table of Contents

Preface to the First Edition.

Preface to the Second Edition.

Acknowledgements.

PART I: SETTING THE SCENE: WHO DID WHAT, AND WHY.

1. Some Preliminaries.

2. The Abstract and Introduction.

3. The Objectives.

PART II: DESIGN MATTERS: WHAT TYPE OF STUDY ARE YOU READING ABOUT?

4. Descriptive Studies.

5. Analytic Studies.

6. Intervention Studies.

PART III: THE CAST: FINDING OUT ABOUT THE SUBJECTS OF THE RESEARCH.

7. The Research Setting.

8. Populations and Samples.

9. Identifying and Defining Cases.

10. Controls and Comparisons.

PART IV: ESTABLISHING THE FACTS: STARTING WITH BASIC OBSERVATIONS.

11. Identifying the Characteristics of Data.

12. Summarizing the Characteristics of Data.

13. Measuring the Characteristics of Subjects.

14. Measuring the Characteristics of Measures.

15. Measurement Scales.

PART V ESTABLISHING MORE OF THE FACTS: SOME COMMON WAYS OF DESCRIBING RESULTS.

16. Fractions, Proportions and Rates.

17. Risk and Odds.

18. Ratios of Risk and Odds.

PART VI ANALYSING THE DATA: ESTIMATION AND HYPOTHESIS TESTING.

19. Confidence Intervals for Means, Proportions, and Medians.

20. Confidence Intervals for Ratios.

21. Testing Hypotheses – the p-Value.

PART VII ANALYSING THE DATA: MULTIVARIABLE METHODS.

22. Measuring Association.

23. Measuring Agreement.

24. The Linear Regression Model.

25. The Logistic Regression Model.

26. Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

27. Measuring Survival.

PART VIII READING BETWEEN THE LINES: HOW AUTHORS USE TEXT, TABLES AND PICTURES TO TELL YOU WHAT THEY'VE DONE.

28. Results in Text and Tables.

29. Results in Pictures.

30. The Discussion and the Conclusions.

References.

Index.

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