Understanding Criminal Behaviour: Psychosocial Approaches to Criminality [NOOK Book]

Overview

Our understanding of criminal behaviour and its causes has been too long damaged by the failure to integrate fully the emotional, psychological, social and cultural influences on the way people behave.

This book aims to integrate psychological and criminological perspectives in order to better understand the nature of criminal behaviour. In particular it aims to explore the range of psychological approaches that seek to understand the ...

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Understanding Criminal Behaviour: Psychosocial Approaches to Criminality

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Overview

Our understanding of criminal behaviour and its causes has been too long damaged by the failure to integrate fully the emotional, psychological, social and cultural influences on the way people behave.

This book aims to integrate psychological and criminological perspectives in order to better understand the nature of criminal behaviour. In particular it aims to explore the range of psychological approaches that seek to understand the significance of the emotions that surround criminal behaviour, allowing for an exploration of individual differences and social and cultural issues which help to bridge the gaps between disciplinary approaches.

The book puts forward a model for understanding behaviour through a better grasp of the link between emotions, morality and culture and argues that crime can often be viewed as emerging from disordered social relationships.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'Understanding Criminal Behaviour's strap line should be 'the holy grail' as it promises a whole new level of understanding of criminal behaviour. Probably once in a professional career is a paradigm shift of this significance ever proposed, and several conditions have to be right for this to happen...David Jones proposes an eclectic psychological approach to understanding the nature of criminal behaviour that promises to integrate criminological and clincal perspercitves into a holistic theory.'Monica Lloyd, Forensic Psychologist, NOMS, in Probation Journal

'Jones breaks new ground in integrating psychological perspectives into the mainstream of criminological theory. He makes a compelling case that by emphasizing a psychosocial outlook as opposed to the traditional psychological approach, scholars may more effectively analyze criminality. . . . Jones presents a well conceived, timely, and well packaged work that begins to build a bridge between adversarial approaches. Highly recommended.' – F.E Knowles in CHOICE

'This is a timely book given the growth of psychosocial studies and the increasing political and cultural focus on criminality. Jones's book is both comprehensive and detailed in its outline of explanations of criminal behaviour, and Jones gives a convincing account of why psychological research has been increasingly omitted from criminological topics.'Amanda Holt in The Psychologist,

' . . . Jones succeeds admirably in his goal to present "a constructive view of how psychology already does contribute, but might have more to contribute, to the debate about the problem of crime" (pxx) . . . Anyone working in the criminological field knows that Jones is right about the depth of division that currently exists between psychology and sociology. To those who are as bored as I am with these pointless and destructive theory wars, Jones' book is a refreshing tonic.'Richard Wortley, International Criminal Justice Review

'I would recommend Jones' book to those who [do not have a first degree in criminology] as a critical, wide-ranging introduction. And there is much in the text to remind non-neophytes of aspects they may well have forgotten....'
-Herschel Prins, University of Leicester in The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, vol 21 no 6

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781134005185
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 1/22/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 336
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

David W. Jones is Principal Lecturer in Psychosocial Studies at the University of East London. He has previously taught at the Open University and the London School of Economics, and is the author of Myths, Madness and the Family: The impact of mental illness on families (Palgrave, 2001).

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix

Preface xi

Introduction: psychological perspectives on criminal behaviour xiii

1 The relationship of psychology and sociology in the study of crime 1

Introduction 1

Beccaria and the study of crime 3

Nineteenth-century positivism 6

Twentieth-century sociological criminology 10

Twentieth-century psychological approaches to crime 20

Conclusion: psychology and criminology - a psychosocial perspective 34

2 Mental disorder: madness, personality disorder and criminal responsibility 37

Introduction 37

A brief history of criminal responsibility and mental disorder 42

Diminished responsibility and medical definitions 48

The problem of psychopathy and personality disorder 55

Conclusion 70

3 The contribution of criminal career research 72

Introduction 72

The London Longitudinal Study 74

Heterogeneity of offenders: adolescent-limited versus life-course-persistent offenders 86

Explaining the links between childhood antisocial behaviour and adult offending 91

Conclusion 101

4 Familial and parental influences 104

Introduction 104

Family structure and delinquency 106

Parenting styles and early family experience 112

Child effects 121

Conclusion 126

5 Youth crime 128

Introduction 128

Age and criminal responsibility 130

Why do young people commit crime? 132

Conclusion 152

6 Gender and crime 154

Introduction 154

Men, masculinity and crime 155

Women and crime 170

Conclusion 177

7 Understanding violence: learning from studies of homicide 178

Introduction 178

Scenarios of homicide 180

Confrontational homicide 182

Personality types and confrontational rage murder 188

Conclusion 201

8Intimate violence and sexual crime 203

Introduction 203

Domestic violence and violence in the context of sexual intimacy 204

Sexual crimes: rape 213

Paedophilia and sexual offences against children 228

Conclusion 237

9 Conclusions 239

Overview 239

Psychosocial understanding of criminal behaviour: the significance of emotion and personality in conditions of 'high modernity' 244

Reducing crime 253

Further work 262

References 263

Author index 295

Subject index 307

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