Understanding Developmental Disorders: A Causal Modelling Approach / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $14.99
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 74%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (9) from $14.99   
  • New (5) from $44.33   
  • Used (4) from $14.99   
Close
Sort by
Showing 11 – 10 of 0
We’re having technical difficulties. Please try again shortly.
Showing 11 – 10 of 0
Close
Sort by

Overview

A long-awaited book from developmental disorders expert John Morton, Understanding Developmental Disorders: A Causal Modelling Approach makes sense of the many competing theories about what can go wrong with early brain development, causing a child to develop outside the normal range.

  • Based on the idea that understanding developmental disorders requires us to talk about biological, cognitive, behavioral and environmental factors, and to talk about causal relationships among these elements.
  • Explains what causal modelling is and how to do it.
  • Compares different theories about particular developmental disorders using causal modelling.
  • Will have a profound impact on research in the fields of psychology, neuroscience and medicine.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"What causes disorders of development? How can they be meaningfullydefined? These questions have resulted in deeply entangledcontroversies. John Morton has provided a razor-sharp tool thatcuts the Gordian knot. This tool uses a simple pictorial notationthat leaves aside ambiguous and divisive words. It resolvesentrenched but illusory oppositions between cognition and brain andbetween nature and nurture. It makes the confusing facts aboutautism, dyslexia, and other disorders fall into a new coherentpattern and invigorates the comparison of different points of view.This book is indispensable for anyone trying to understandcognitive development and its disorders." Uta Frith, Professorof Cognitive Development, University College LondonInstitute of Cognitive Neuroscience

"In his compelling book, Understanding DevelopmentalDisorders, John Morton applies a causal modeling approach tounderstanding the influences that biological, cognitive,behavioral, and environmental factors exert on the emergence ofdevelopmental disorders. Morton eloquently conveys a way ofconceptualizing various theories of developmental disorders. Thisvolume will provide an invaluable tool for students, practitioners,and those in academia. I highly recommend it as a must for allprofessionals striving to understand the origins and course ofdevelopmental disorders." Dante Cicchetti, Ph.D., Director, Mt.Hope Family Center

"Causal modelling of cognition is a new and original tool notonly for thinking with precision about cognitive development andthe ways in which it can go amiss; I can see this book having arevolutionary impact on developmental psychology. Thecausal-modelling framework is also valuable for exposing the kindof sloppy thinking about the causes of developmental difficultiesthat one sees so often in statements by journalists and politicians(the book contains many such examples). Simply and cogentlywritten, this book is of great importance both for scientists indevelopmental psychology and for public-health professionalsconcerned with disorders such as autism, ADHD and dyslexia."Prof Max Coltheart, Scientific Director, Macquarie Centre forCognitive Science, Australia

"John Morton's deep and wonderful book should be requiredreading for any serious student of cognitive development, as wellas for any researcher concerned with developmental disabilities. Ingiving us a tool for thinking about the causal history ofdevelopmental disabilities, he offers profound insights into thenature of causality, the relations among different levels ofanalysis, and the causes of four developmental syndromes, includingautism and dyslexia." Susan Carey, Professor, HarvardUniversity

"Morton's lucid and highly readable book offers an excellenttool to clarify the field of developmental disorders as it standsand to point the way to the future." Trends in CognitiveSciences, August 2005

"Morton writes from first principles but then, as the bookprogresses, assumes some psychological sophistication. He has acomfortable and conversational...style that has become unusual inscientific writing. It invites reflection, questioning anddiscussion and I found it well suited to putting across concepts."Tom Berney, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, May2006

“Morton’s causal modeling approach seems aninnovative and insightful advance in examining and understandingthe causes and diagnosis of pathologic conditions.”Psychological Record

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780631187585
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/24/2005
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 6.04 (w) x 9.08 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Meet the Author

John Morton is the former Director of the Medical Research Council’s Cognitive Development Unit. He is now Visiting Professor in the Department of Psychology and Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Introduction.

Chapter 1 Introducing Cause.

Cause and Public Issues – ‘Working Mums Blamed forChildren’s Failures’.

Cause and Individual Events – ‘Why Did RomeoDie?’.

Why Look at Cause?.

Some More Reasons for Not Looking at Individual Cases.

The Need for a Framework for Thinking In.

Creating a Tool – The Problem of Notation.

An Example of The Limits of Language.

An Invitation to Consider Diagrams as a Tool.

A Tool for Representing Causal Relationships.

Chapter 2 Introducing Cognition.

One Thing I Do Want You to Believe.

Reductionism.

Can We Rely on Behaviour?.

The IQ Example – A Note of Caution.

Why Cause Needs Cognition.

Chapter 3 Representing Causal Relationships.

Categorizing Facts.

The Causal Notation.

Starting a Causal Model for Autism.

Complications.

Some Easy Stuff On Cause and Correlation.

Other Notations.

Chapter 4 Causal Accounts of Autism.

How Causal Modelling Started.

The Merry-Go-Round of Circular Reasoning.

The Biological Origin of Autism.

The Role Of Cognition in Defining Autism.

What is Mentalizing?.

Changes over Time.

The Non-Social Features of Autism: How to Diagram Ideas on WeakCentral Coherence in Autism.

Chapter 5 The What and the How.

Ground Rules Of Causal Modelling.

Chapter 6 Competing Causal Accounts of Autism.

Representing the Effects of Environmental Factors.

Cognitive Theories of Autism.

Chapter 7 The Problem of Diagnosis.

Diagnosis and Cause – Relying on Behaviour.

The Spanish Inquisition Example – The Dangers ofLabelling.

Problems Of Diagnostic Practice.

Variability.

Changes over Time: Improvement and Deterioration.

Diagrams for Individual Cases and Diagrams for Disorders inGeneral.

The Variability of the Phenotype.

Chapter 8 A Causal Analysis Of Dyslexia.

The Dyslexia Debate: Is There Such a Thing as Dyslexia?.

The Discrepancy Definition of Specific Reading Disability.

Towards a Cognitive Definition.

An X-Type Causal Model of Dyslexia.

Biological Factors.

Cognitive Factors.

Difficulties of the Beginning Reader.

Associated and Secondary Problems.

General and Specific Deficits.

Competing Theories of Dyslexia.

Non-Biological Causes.

Other Biological Causes of Reading Failure.

Chapter 9 The Hyperkinetic Confusions.

Drugs As Diagnostic Refinement.

Types of Theory.

The Problem of Comorbidity – Conduct Disorder andADHD.

The Cognitive Level.

Sonuga-Barke’s Dual Pathway Model.

Chapter 10 Theories of Conduct Disorder.

Violence Inhibition Mechanism (VIM) Model.

The Social Information Processing Model for AggressiveChildren.

Coercive Parenting Model of Patterson.

The Theory of Life-Course Persistent Antisocial Behaviour.

Chapter 11 Tying in Biology.

Relations between the Cognitive and Biological Levels.

Equivalence: Brain to Cognition.

Causal Influences from Cognition to Brain.

Genes and Cause – the End of Behaviour Genetics.

Endophenotypes.

Mouse (and Other) Models for Human Disorders.

Chapter 12 To Conclude.

References.

Name Index.

Subject Index.

.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)