Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps

Overview

Researchers share their pioneering graphical method for designing almost any distillation structure

Developed by the authors in collaboration with other researchers at the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis, column profile maps (CPMs) enable chemical engineers to design almost any distillation structure using novel graphical techniques. The CPM method offers tremendous advantages over other design methods because it is generalized and not...

See more details below
Other sellers (Hardcover)
  • All (7) from $123.40   
  • New (5) from $123.45   
  • Used (2) from $123.38   

Overview

Researchers share their pioneering graphical method for designing almost any distillation structure

Developed by the authors in collaboration with other researchers at the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis, column profile maps (CPMs) enable chemical engineers to design almost any distillation structure using novel graphical techniques. The CPM method offers tremendous advantages over other design methods because it is generalized and not constrained to a particular piece of equipment.

Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps enables readers to understand, analyze, and design distillation structures to solve common distillation problems, including distillation by simple columns, side rectifiers and strippers, multiple feed columns, and fully thermally coupled columns. In addition, the book presents advanced topics such as reactive distillation, membrane permeation, and validation of thermodynamic models. For all these processes, the authors set forth easy-to-follow design techniques, solution strategies, and insights gained using CPMs.

This book offers everything needed to fully understand and use CPMs as a design tool:

  • Figures help readers understand how to use CPMs as design and optimization tools
  • Examples clearly illustrate how to solve specific problems using CPMs
  • Tutorials allow readers to explore key concepts through experimentation
  • Design and Optimization of Distillation Systems software package, developed for this book, enables readers to reproduce the examples in the book, follow the tutorials, and begin designing their own distillation systems

With its many examples and step-by-step tutorials, Understanding Distillation Using Column Profile Maps is recommended for students in chemical engineering in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses. The book also provides new practical techniques that can be immediately applied by chemical engineering professionals in industry.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118145401
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/18/2012
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 384
  • Product dimensions: 9.20 (w) x 6.20 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

DANIEL BENEKE, PhD, is a Process Engineering Consultant for the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he works on process design for liquid fuel processes and separations research.

MARK PETERS, PhD, is a Separations Consultant and Research Engineer for the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis at the University of the Witwatersrand. He is actively involved in separations research as well as innovative waste-to-energy processes.

DAVID GLASSER, PhD, is Professor of Chemical Engineering and Director of the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis at the University of the Witwatersrand.

DIANE HILDEBRANDT, PhD, is the SARChI Professor of Sustainable Process Engineering and a Co-Director of the Centre of Material and Process Synthesis at the University of the Witwatersrand.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

PREFACE xiii

NOMENCLATURE AND ABBREVIATIONS xix

ABOUT THE AUTHORS xxiii

1 INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Context and Significance 1

1.2 Important Distillation Concepts 4

1.3 Summary 12

2 FUNDAMENTALS OF RESIDUE CURVE MAPS 15

2.1 Introduction 15

2.2 Batch Boiling 16

2.3 The Mass Balance Triangle (MBT) 17

2.4 The Residue Curve Equation 19

2.5 Residue Curve Maps 21

2.6 Properties of Residue Curve Maps 25

2.7 Applicability of RCMs to Continuous Processes 30

2.8 Limitations of RCMs 39

2.9 Residue Curve Maps: The Bigger Picture 40

2.10 Summary 46

3 DERIVATION AND PROPERTIES OF COLUMN PROFILE MAPS 48

3.1 Introduction 48

3.2 The Column Section (CS) 49

3.3 The Difference Point Equation (DPE) 51

3.4 Column Profile Maps 54

3.5 The Effect of CPM Parameters 61

3.6 Properties of Column Profile Maps 67

3.7 Pinch Point Loci 75

3.8 Some Mathematical Aspects of CPMs 80

3.9 Some Insights and Applications of CPMs 84

3.10 Summary 89

4 EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT OF COLUMN PROFILES 91

4.1 Introduction 91

4.2 The Rectifying Column Section 92

4.3 The Stripping Column Section 98

4.4 Validation of Thermodynamic Models 103

4.5 Continuous Column Sections 105

4.6 Summary 114

5 DESIGN OF SIMPLE COLUMNS USING COLUMN PROFILE MAPS 116

5.1 Introduction 116

5.2 Absorbers and Strippers 117

5.3 Simple Column Design 128

5.4 Azeotropic Systems 141

5.5 Constant Relative Volatility Systems 145

5.6 Summary 154

6 DESIGN OF COMPLEX COLUMNS USING COLUMN PROFILE MAPS 157

6.1 Introduction 157

6.2 Distributed Feed Addition 158

6.3 Sidestream Withdrawal 175

6.4 Thermally Coupled Columns: Side Rectifiers and Strippers 184

6.5 Summary 205

7 DESIGN OF FULLY THERMALLY COUPLED COMPLEX COLUMNS USING COLUMN PROFILE MAPS 206

7.1 Introduction 206

7.2 A Simplified Infinite Reflux Case 208

7.3 General Petlyuk Design 216

7.4 Sharp Split Petlyuk Design Using TTs 240

7.5 Insights into Kaibel Column Design 250

7.6 Summary 258

8 REACTIVE DISTILLATION DESIGN USING COLUMN PROFILE MAPS 261

8.1 Introduction 261

8.2 Simple Reactive Distillation 262

8.3 Reactive Column Sections 275

8.4 Summary 293

9 APPLICATION OF COLUMN PROFILE MAPS TO ALTERNATIVE SEPARATION PROCESSES: MEMBRANE PERMEATION 296

9.1 Introduction 296

9.2 Membrane Permeation 297

9.3 Generalized Membrane Column Sections 299

9.4 Theory 299

9.5 MCS Profiles: Total Reflux 304

9.6 Column Section Profiles: Finite Reflux 306

9.7 Conclusions 314

9.8 Example: Design of Hybrid Systems Using Distillation-Membrane Processes 315

10 CONCLUDING REMARKS 328

10.1 Overall Conclusions 328

10.2 Limitations 329

10.3 Extensions and the Way Forward 330

References 330

APPENDIX A: DODS SOFTWARE PACKAGE 331

APPENDIX B: NRTL PARAMETERS AND ANTOINE COEFFICIENTS 345

INDEX 349

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)