Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation: An Introduction to Theory and History / Edition 9

Overview

Updated in its 9th edition, Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation is a concise and penetrating introduction to world politics in an era of complex interdependence. This text employs lessons from theory and history to examine conflict and cooperating among global actors and thus to provide readers with a durable analytical framework. From twentieth and twenty-first century wars to global finance and global governance, Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation, expands substantially on a classic work and continues to deliver a thought-provoking survey of international relations today.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“Sometimes original scholars sound pedantic when addressing central issues of world politics; often policymakers speak in code or platitudes. Not so Professor Nye. As any reader will see, the work in your hands is lucid, direct, and concise. Reading Nye’s writing on world politics is like watching Joe DiMaggio play center field or Yo-Yo Ma play the cello: he makes the difficult look easy.”–from Robert O. Keohane’s Foreword

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205851904
  • Publisher: Pearson Education
  • Publication date: 2/22/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eTextbook
  • Edition number: 9
  • Pages: 352
  • File size: 7 MB

Meet the Author

Joseph S. Nye is University Distinguished Service Professor at and former Dean of Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. He also served as a Deputy to the Undersecretary of State in the Carter Administration, Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs in the Clinton Administration, and Chair of the National Intelligence Council.

David A. Welch is CIGI Chair of Global Security at the Balsillie School of International Affairs and Professor of Political Science at the University of Waterloo.

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Table of Contents

Foreword vii

Preface ix

1 Is There an Enduring Logic of Conflict in World Politics? 1

What is International Politics? 2

Differing Views of Anarchic Politics 4

Building Blocks 9

The Peloponnesian War 13

A Short Version of a Long Story 13

Causes and Theories 16

Inevitability and the Shadow of the Future 18

Ethical Questions and International Politics 21

Limits on Ethics in International Relations 22

Three Views of the Role of Morality 24

Chronology: Peloponnesian Wars 30

2 Explaining Conflict and Cooperation: Tools and Techniques of the Trade 33

Key Concepts 33

States, Nations, and Nation-States 34

International Actors, Power, and Authority 37

International System and International Society 42

System Stability and Crisis Stability 44

The "National Interest" 45

Levels of Analysis 46

The Individual Level 48

The State Level 51

The System Level 53

Paradigms and Theories 55

Realism 56

Liberalism 58

Constructivism 63

Marxism 64

Counterfactuals and 'Virtual History' 65

Plausibility 66

Proximity in Time 66

Relation to Theory 66

Facts 67

3 From Westphalia to World War I 71

Managing Great Power Conflict: Balance and Concert 74

Balances as Distributions of Power 75

Balance of Power as Policy 76

Balance of Power as Multipolar Systems 78

Alliances 80

The Structure and Process of the Nineteenth-Century System 81

Chronologies: Europe 84

The Origins of World War I 86

Three Levels of Analysis 87

Was War Inevitable? 92

What Kind of War? 95

The Funnel of Choices 98

Lessons of History Again 99

Chronology: The Road To World War I 100

4 The Failure of Collective Security and World War II 103

The Rise and Fall of Collective Security 103

The League of Nations 104

The United States and the League of Nations 106

The Early Days of the League 107

The Manchurian Failure 110

The Ethiopian Debacle 111

The Origins of World War II 112

Hitler's War? 112

Hitler's Strategy 114

The Role of the Individual 118

Systemic and Domestic Causes 119

Was War Inevitable? 120

The Pacific War 122

Appeasement and Two Types of War 126

Chronology: Between The World Wars 128

5 The Cold War 132

Deterrence and Containment 133

Three Approaches to the Cold War 134

Roosevelt's Policies 136

Stalin's Policies 137

Phases of the Conflict 138

Inevitability? 144

Levels of Analysis 145

U.S. and Soviet Goals in the Cold War 147

Containment 148

The Vietnam War 149

Motives, Means, and Consequences 150

Chronology: American Involvement in Vietnam (1954-1975) 151

The Rest of the Cold War 155

The End of the Cold War 156

The Role of Nuclear Weapons 161

Physics and Politics 161

Balance of Terror 165

Problems of Nuclear Deterrence 166

The Cuban Missile Crisis 168

Moral Issues 170

Chronology: The Cold War Years 173

6 Post-Cold War Conflict and Cooperation 181

Managing Conflict 181

International Law and Organization 184

Domestic Analogies 185

Predictability and Legitimacy 187

The United Nations: Collective Security and Peacekeeping 188

Intrastate Conflict 194

Intervention and Sovereignty 196

Defining Intervention 197

Judging Intervention 199

Exceptions to the Rule of Nonintervention 200

Problems of Self-Determination 201

Genocide and the "Responsibility to Protect" 203

Interstate Conflict 205

The Middle East 206

Arab-Israeli Conflict 209

Conflicts in the Persian Gulf, 1991 and 2003 217

Chronology: Conflict In The Middle East 222

A Nuclear Iran? 225

Chronology: Iran's Nuclear Program 226

India and Pakistan 228

Chronology: The Kashmir Conflict 230

The Taiwan Strait 231

Chronology: The Taiwan Strait 232

North Korea 233

Chronology: North Korea 235

7 Globalization and Interdependence 239

The Dimensions of Globalization 240

What's New about Twenty-First-Century Globalization? 242

Political Reactions to Globalization 244

Power and Globalization 245

The Concept of Interdependence 245

Sources of Interdependence 246

Benefits of Interdependence 247

Costs of Interdependence 249

Symmetry of Interdependence 251

Leadership and Institutions in the World Economy 253

Realism and Complex Interdependence 257

The Politics of Oil 259

Oil as a Power Resource 263

8 The Information Revolution and Transnational Actors 268

Power and the Information Revolution 268

Lessons from the Past 269

A New World Politics? 272

Sovereignty and Control 277

Transnational Actors 280

Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) 283

The Information Revolution and Complex Interdependence 286

Transnational Terrorism and the "War on Terror" 289

Conclusions 292

9 What Can We Expect in the Future? 296

Alternative Visions 296

The End of History or the Clash of Civilizations? 301

Technology and the Diffusion of Power 303

Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction 305

Transnational Challenges to Security 307

A New World Order? 316

Future Configurations of Power 317

The Prison of Old Concepts 320

The Evolution of a Hybrid World Order 321

Thinking About the Future 324

Glossary 327

Credits 331

Index 332

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