Understanding Terrorism: Groups, Strategies, and Responses / Edition 2

Understanding Terrorism: Groups, Strategies, and Responses / Edition 2

by James M. Poland
     
 

ISBN-10: 0131127152

ISBN-13: 9780131127159

Pub. Date: 02/20/2004

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Understanding Terrorism: Groups, Strategies, and Responses, Third Edition, is written for criminal justice and social science students, professionals in the criminal justice system, and any reader wishing to gain more information on the phenomenon of "terrorism." This book explores the various analytical approaches to the study of terrorism: identifying

Overview

Understanding Terrorism: Groups, Strategies, and Responses, Third Edition, is written for criminal justice and social science students, professionals in the criminal justice system, and any reader wishing to gain more information on the phenomenon of "terrorism." This book explores the various analytical approaches to the study of terrorism: identifying terrorist groups, reviewing terrorist tactics, and examining police and governmental responses to reduce or control the incidence of terrorism.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131127159
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
02/20/2004
Edition description:
2ND
Pages:
328
Product dimensions:
7.04(w) x 9.08(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Chapter 1 Concepts of Terror and Terrorism 1

Chapter Objectives 1

Introduction 1

Definitional Problems and Terrorism 2

Morality of Terrorism 4

Definitions of Terrorism 8

Terrorist Typologies 10

Terrorist Atrocities 14

Purpose of Terrorism 15

Conclusions 16

Key Terms 17

Discussion Questions 17

Web Sites 18

Endnotes 18

Chapter 2 Historical Antecedents of Terrorism and Violence 21

Chapter Objectives 21

Introduction 21

Sicarii and Zealots: Religious Roots of Terrorism 22

The Assassins and Other Secret Societies 23

Narodnaya Volya 27

The Anarchist Tradition 29

Terrorism in the United States 31

Puerto Rican Independence 31

The Jewish Defense League 34

The Ideological Left 35

The Ideological Right 38

Single-Issue Terrorist 41

Conclusions 43

Key Terms 43

Discussion Questions 44

Web Sites 44

Endnotes 44

Chapter 3 Violence and Terrorism: The Role of the Mass Media 48

Chapter Objectives 48

Introduction 48

Contagion Theory, or the Copycat Syndrome 49

Propaganda Value and the "Deed" 53

United States 59

Internet and Terrorism 63

Censorship and Terrorism 65

Conclusions 68

Key Terms 69

Discussion Questions 69

Web Sites 70

Endnotes 70

Chapter 4 The Palestine Question and Al Qaeda 73

Chapter Objectives 73

Introduction 73

Palestine Resistance Movement 74

Historical Antecedents 74

Palestine Liberation Organization 77

Palestinian Extremism and the 1973 Yom Kippur War 78

Rejectionist Front: Historical Preview 80

Invasion of Lebanon 81

Hizballah 81

Palestinian Authority 88

Hamas and Islamic Jihad 88

Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades 93

Al Qaeda94

Conclusions 103

Key Terms 103

Discussion Questions 104

Web Sites 104

Endnotes 104

Chapter 5 Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations: The "A List" 108

Chapter Objectives 108

Introduction 108

Palestinian Groups 113

The Philippines and Southeast Asia 116

Algerian Groups 119

Religious Cults 120

European Groups 122

Colombia 126

Peru 128

Central Asia 129

Iran 132

Conclusions 133

Key Terms 134

Writing Assignment 134

Web Sites 135

Endnotes 135

Chapter 6 The Dynamics of Hostage Taking and Negotiation 141

Chapter Objectives 141

Introduction 141

Early History of Hostage Taking 142

Typologies of Hostage Takers 143

Time, Trust, and the Stockholm Syndrome 145

London Syndrome 148

Guidelines for Hostage Events 149

U.S. Experience: Hostage Rescue 153

The Good Guys Hostage Incident 156

Other Rescue Attempts 160

Surviving a Hostage Situation 164

Conclusions 166

Key Terms 167

Discussion Questions 167

Web Sites 167

Endnotes 168

Chapter 7 Contemporary Terrorism and Bombing 171

Chapter Objectives 171

Introduction 171

Historical Perspective 172

Effects of an Explosion 176

Velocity and Explosives 179

Vehicle Bombs 181

Letter Bombs 185

Bombings Aboard Aircraft 188

Conclusions 191

Key Terms 191

Discussion Questions 192

Web Sites 192

Endnotes 192

Chapter 8 Suicide Bombers: A Global Problem 195

Chapter Objectives 195

Introduction 195

Defining the Problem 199

Suicide Bombers in the Middle East 200

The Iraqi Insurgency 203

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) 205

Sikh Terrorism 206

Kashmiri Suicide Bombers 206

Kurdish Suicide Bombers: The PKK/Kadek, Kongra-Gel 207

Al Qaeda 208

Chechen Suicide Bombers 209

Other Suicidal Terrorist Groups 209

Summary 210

Security and Suicide Bombing 212

Conclusions 214

Key Terms 214

Discussion Questions 214

Web Sites 215

Endnotes 215

Chapter 9 Counterterrorist Measures: The Response 219

Chapter Objectives 219

Introduction 219

Security Measures 220

Intelligence Function 224

Counterterrorist Operations: Retaliation and Preemption 228

Covert Military Operations: Proactive Measures 231

Counterterrorist Operations: Reactive Measures 232

Special Operations 234

United Kingdom and Israel 235

National Guard 236

HRT and NEST 238

Chemical and Biological Terrorism 238

Legal Framework: Apprehension, Prosecution, and Punishment 239

Emergency Powers 241

Post-9/11 Legal Measures 243

Conclusions 247

Key Terms 248

Discussion Questions 248

Web Sites 248

Endnotes 249

Chapter 10 Future of Terrorism 252

Chapter Objectives 252

Introduction 252

Israel versus Palestinian Resistance Movement 253

Islamic Extremism 256

Low-Intensity Warfare 260

Superterrorism 262

Influence of Terrorism on Democracy 272

Conclusions 274

Key Terms 274

Discussion Questions 275

Web Sites 275

Endnotes 275

Glossary 280

Appendix: Maps 285

Index 291

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