Understanding the Nature of Sensory Integration with Diverse Populations

Understanding the Nature of Sensory Integration with Diverse Populations

by Susanne Smith Roley, Roseann C. Schaaf, Erna I. Blanche

ISBN-10: 1416403329

ISBN-13: 9781416403326

Pub. Date: 03/28/2007

Publisher: PRO-ED, Incorporated

Leading SENSORY INTEGRATION researchers present state-OF-THE-art research and clinical insights on SENSORY INTEGRATION THEory and practice. Comprehensive information is presented on THE treatment OF SENSORY Modulation Dysfunction, high-risk infants and young children, visual deficits, cerebral palsy, autism, institutionalized children, and Fragile X Syndrome.

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Leading SENSORY INTEGRATION researchers present state-OF-THE-art research and clinical insights on SENSORY INTEGRATION THEory and practice. Comprehensive information is presented on THE treatment OF SENSORY Modulation Dysfunction, high-risk infants and young children, visual deficits, cerebral palsy, autism, institutionalized children, and Fragile X Syndrome. Current information on both clinical testing and standardized testing is presented. Learn how THE latest neurological research supports and influences SI THEory and practice.

Product Details

PRO-ED, Incorporated
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
8.40(w) x 10.80(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Part I.Theoretical Foundations
1.Sensory Integration Revisited: A Philosophy of Practice3
Dr. A. Jean Ayres3
Sensory Integration: A Foundation for Occupation5
Assessing Sensory Integrative Functioning: A Guide to Intervention14
Using a Sensory Integrative Approach for Children With Developmental Disabilities16
Outcomes and Effectiveness of Intervention20
2.Neuroplasticity and the Environment: Implications for Sensory Integration29
The Organism-Environment Interaction29
Brain Growth: A Protracted Process31
Genes and Environment31
Synaptogenesis and Synapse Elimination32
The Role of Neural Activity in Synapse Connectivity32
The Role of Behavior on Synapse Modification35
Experience-Dependent Cortical Plasticity35
The Effects of Prenatal Stress on Function37
Alcohol and Stress During the Prenatal Period38
Implications for Sensory Integration38
3.Developmental Neuroplasticity: A Foundation for Sensory Integration43
Mammalian Mothers and Infants as Dynamic Systems43
The Mother-Young Relationship in Animals45
Maternal Deprivation47
The Bridge Between Science and Practice48
Additional Readings55
4.An Ecological Model of Sensory Modulation: Performance of Children With Fragile X Syndrome, Autistic Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Sensory Modulation Dysfunction57
Defining Sensory Modulation57
The New Theoretical Model59
Study Protocol62
SMD in Children With Developmental Disabilities67
Moving From Data Back to Model77
Limitations of This Study and Additional Questions77
Appendix 4ADefinitions of Terms83
Appendix 4BSensory Challenge Protocol85
5.From Neuron to Behavior: Regulation, Arousal, and Attention as Important Substrates for the Process of Sensory Integration89
Processes of Regulation89
Sensory Integration and Regulation90
Neuronal Basis of Regulation92
Neuroanatomic Components of Regulation94
6.Proprioception: A Cornerstone of Sensory Integrative Intervention109
What is Proprioception?110
An Emerging View of Proprioception: Discriminative and Modulatory Functions113
A New Framework for Understanding Proprioceptive Dysfunction114
The Use of Proprioception in Intervention118
Additional Readings124
7.The Evolution of the Concept of Praxis in Sensory Integration125
Evolution of the Concept of Motor Planning as it Relates to Sensory Integration125
Support for the Relationship Between Praxis and Sensory Integration127
8.Praxis, Motor Planning, and Motor Learning133
Redefining Praxis: From Clumsiness to Developmental Dyspraxia to Developmental Coordination Disorder to Specific Developmental Disorder of Motor Function134
From Idea to Action137
Research on Information-Processing Accounts of Motor Planning147
Motor Learning Based Intervention Strategies154
9.A Theoretical Model of Ideation in Praxis163
Defining Ideation164
A Proposed Model of Ideation in Praxis169
10.Praxis and Organization of Behavior in Time and Space183
Basic Concepts of Praxis and Organization of Behavior184
Temporal and Spatial Aspects of Organization of Behavior186
Integrating Space and Time to Organize Behavior190
A Conceptual Model of Praxis and Organization of Behavior194
Applications to Occupational Therapy196
Additional Readings200
Part II.Clinical Applications
11.Clinical Reasoning and the Use of Narrative in Sensory Integration Assessment and Intervention203
Clinical Reasoning as it Looks in Action204
Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy206
Applying Principles to Sensory Integration207
12.Assessment of Sensory Integration and Praxis215
Evaluating Sensory Integration and Praxis Within the Context of Occupational Therapy216
Additional Readings234
Appendix 12-AA Few Words About Formal Evaluations235
Appendix 12-BOTA-Watertown Clinical Assessment Worksheet237
Appendix 12-CStructured Clinical Observations: Application to Diverse Populations243
Appendix 12-DOverview of Selected Sensory Integration Assessment Instruments245
13.Clinical Applications in Sensory Modulation Dysfunction: Assessment and Intervention Considerations247
The Ecological Model of Sensory Modulation247
The Assessment and Intervention Process in SMD248
Appendix 13ADescription of Assessments Used in Evaluation of SMD at the STAR Center at The Children's Hospital in Denver, CO267
Appendix 13BSMD Behavior During Testing Checklist269
Appendix 13CParent Interview for Children With SMD271
Appendix 13DSample Goal Attainment Scale for Kamon273
14.Sensory Integration With High-Risk Infants and Young Children275
The Unique Opportunities and Challenges of Infancy and Early Childhood275
A Model for Viewing the Infant From the Sensory Integration Perspective277
Problem Setting: Assessment of High-Risk Infants and Young Children With Sensory Integrative Dysfunction284
Basic Principles of Sensory Integrative Intervention for Infants and Young Children293
Using Play With Young Children295
Additional Readings300
Appendix 14-ASelected Assessment Instruments301
Appendix 14-BThe Sensory Integration Observation Guide307
15.Sensory Integration and Visual Deficits, Including Blindness313
The Holistic Nature of Vision313
Visual Components315
Functional Vision Deficits318
Visual Dysfunction in Children With Disabilities318
Role of Sensory Integration in Vision321
Ramifications of Severe Visual Impairment and Blindness333
Using Sensory Integration Intervention Principles With Children With Visual Impairment and Blindness336
Sticking Points341
16.Sensory Integration and the Child With Cerebral Palsy345
Clinical Picture of Sensory Processing Deficits in the Child With CP346
General Principles of Assessment and Intervention347
Specific Sensory Processing Deficits Presented by Children With CP351
17.Sensory Integrative Principles in Intervention With Children With Autistic Disorder365
Definitions and Incidence365
Current Research366
Relevance of Sensory Integrative Theory to Autistic Disorder368
Assessment, Intervention, and Measurement of Outcome Continuum: Case Example377
Comparing Sensory Integration to Other Approaches380
18.The Effects of Deprivation on Processing, Play, and Praxis385
Factors Needed for Development386
Institutionalization: The Effects of Deprivation387
Intervention Strategies and Implications of Research for Intervention403
Additional Readings408
19.Sensory Integration and Fragile X Syndrome409
General Characteristics410
General Behavioral Challenges411
Sensory Processing Characteristics412
Intervention Options414
20.Transformative Occupations and Long-Range Adaptive Responses421
Seeking Enjoyable Experiences for Their Sensory Value422
Restorative Niches423
Additional Readings433

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