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By combining analyses of the historical, cultural and literary features of Judaism and of the Greco-Roman world with careful examination of the writings that became known as the New Testament, this book offers direct insights into the origins of Christianity. KEY TOPICS: It includes religious aspirations of the Mediterranean peoples, including Jews at the turn of the eras, are sketched with detailed analyses of the early Christian writings, and with attention to the social and cultural dimensions of groups by and for whom these works were produced. This book is used throughout the world and is translated into many languages.
By combining analyses of the historical, cultural and literary features of Judaism and of the Greco-Roman world with careful examination of the writings that became known as the New Testament, this book offers direct insights into the origins of Christianity. The religious aspirations of the Mediterranean peoples, including Jews, are sketched, with detailed analyses of the early Christian writing, and more.
I. COMMUNITY AND IDENTITY.
Introduction: What Is the New Testament?
1.Quest for Community and Identity in the Early Roman Empire.
2. The People of the Book and Their Destiny.
II. THE COMMUNITY OF THE NEW COVENANT.
Introduction: The Rise of the New Covenant Community.
3. Jesus, Prophet of the New Age.
4. The Beginning of the Gospel: Mark.
5. The True Community of Israel: Matthew.
6. The Mystical Community: The Gospel of John.
7. The Inclusive Community: Luke-Acts.
III. FROM INCLUSIVE COMMUNITY TOWARD UNIFIED INSTITUTION.
Introduction: Paul and the Pauline Tradition.
8. Paul, Apostle to the Gentiles: Galatians and Romans.
9. Problems in Human Relations Among God's People: 1 and 2 Corinthians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians.
10. Jesus as Lord and as Divine Wisdom: Philippians and Colossians.
IV. THE COMMUNITY ORGANIZES FOR SURVIVAL AND STABILITY.
Introduction: The Passing of the Apostles and the End of Jewish Christianity.
11. Establishing Authority and Achieving Unity: Letter to the Ephesians and the Pastorals.
12. Encounter with the Roman World: James, Hebrews, 1 Peter, Revelation.
13. Establishing Norms for Faith and Ethics: Letters of John, Jude, 2 Peter.
14. The Early Christian Writings Become the New Testament.
A. Who Am I? Who Are We? The Importance of Life-World for Historical Method.
B. A Classification System for Oral Forms in the Synoptic Gospels.
C. The Q Source: A Formal Analysis.
D. Literary Relationships Among the “Prison Epistles.”
E. Authority Models in the Early Church.