Understanding the Process of Economic Change [NOOK Book]

Overview

In this landmark work, a Nobel Prize-winning economist develops a new way of understanding the process by which economies change. Douglass North inspired a revolution in economic history a generation ago by demonstrating that economic performance is determined largely by the kind and quality of institutions that support markets. As he showed in two now classic books that inspired the New Institutional Economics (today a subfield of economics), property rights and transaction costs are fundamental determinants. ...

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Understanding the Process of Economic Change

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Overview

In this landmark work, a Nobel Prize-winning economist develops a new way of understanding the process by which economies change. Douglass North inspired a revolution in economic history a generation ago by demonstrating that economic performance is determined largely by the kind and quality of institutions that support markets. As he showed in two now classic books that inspired the New Institutional Economics (today a subfield of economics), property rights and transaction costs are fundamental determinants. Here, North explains how different societies arrive at the institutional infrastructure that greatly determines their economic trajectories.

North argues that economic change depends largely on "adaptive efficiency," a society's effectiveness in creating institutions that are productive, stable, fair, and broadly accepted--and, importantly, flexible enough to be changed or replaced in response to political and economic feedback. While adhering to his earlier definition of institutions as the formal and informal rules that constrain human economic behavior, he extends his analysis to explore the deeper determinants of how these rules evolve and how economies change. Drawing on recent work by psychologists, he identifies intentionality as the crucial variable and proceeds to demonstrate how intentionality emerges as the product of social learning and how it then shapes the economy's institutional foundations and thus its capacity to adapt to changing circumstances.

Understanding the Process of Economic Change accounts not only for past institutional change but also for the diverse performance of present-day economies. This major work is therefore also an essential guide to improving the performance of developing countries.

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Editorial Reviews

Times Higher Education - Paul Ormerod
Anyone with an interest in world poverty can benefit from this carefully crafted and closely argued book. It is a pleasure and a delight to read.
Cato Journal - Will Wilkinson
[North] sets forth a radical reconceptualization of the task and methods of the social sciences in general and economics in particular, providing a glimpse at an economics that refuses to 'assume a can opener.'
Foreign Affairs - Richard N. Cooper
[This book] provides a sweeping view of the relationships among human belief systems, social institutions, and what [North] calls 'the adaptive efficiency' of societies in coping with changes in demographics, technology, and other factors.
Journal of Evolutionary Economics - Diego Rios
A courageous attempt to enlarge the arsenal of theoretical tools available for economists.
From the Publisher
"Anyone with an interest in world poverty can benefit from this carefully crafted and closely argued book. It is a pleasure and a delight to read."—Paul Ormerod, Times Higher Education

"[North] sets forth a radical reconceptualization of the task and methods of the social sciences in general and economics in particular, providing a glimpse at an economics that refuses to 'assume a can opener.'"—Will Wilkinson, Cato Journal

"[This book] provides a sweeping view of the relationships among human belief systems, social institutions, and what [North] calls 'the adaptive efficiency' of societies in coping with changes in demographics, technology, and other factors."—Richard N. Cooper, Foreign Affairs

"A courageous attempt to enlarge the arsenal of theoretical tools available for economists."—Diego Rios, Journal of Evolutionary Economics

Times Higher Education
Anyone with an interest in world poverty can benefit from this carefully crafted and closely argued book. It is a pleasure and a delight to read.
— Paul Ormerod
Cato Journal
[North] sets forth a radical reconceptualization of the task and methods of the social sciences in general and economics in particular, providing a glimpse at an economics that refuses to 'assume a can opener.'
— Will Wilkinson
Foreign Affairs
[This book] provides a sweeping view of the relationships among human belief systems, social institutions, and what [North] calls 'the adaptive efficiency' of societies in coping with changes in demographics, technology, and other factors.
— Richard N. Cooper
Journal of Evolutionary Economics
A courageous attempt to enlarge the arsenal of theoretical tools available for economists.
— Diego Rios
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781400829484
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 4/19/2010
  • Series: Princeton Economic History of the Western World
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Course Book
  • Pages: 200
  • Sales rank: 719,798
  • File size: 443 KB

Meet the Author

Douglass C. North is professor of economics and Spencer T. Olin Professor in Arts and Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis. He was the corecipient of the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1993.
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Table of Contents

Preface vii
CHAPTER ONE: An Outline of the Process of Economic Change 1

PART I: THE ISSUES INVOLVED IN UNDERSTANDING ECONOMIC CHANGE 9
INTRODUCTION 11
CHAPTER TWO: Uncertainty in a Non-ergodic World 13
CHAPTER THREE: Belief Systems, Culture, and Cognitive Science 23
CHAPTER FOUR: Consciousness and Human Intentionality 38
CHAPTER FIVE: The Scaffolds Humans Erect 48
CHAPTER SIX: Taking Stock 65

PART II: THE ROAD AHEAD 81
INTRODUCTION 83
CHAPTER SEVEN: The Evolving Human Environment 87
CHAPTER EIGHT: The Sources of Order and Disorder 103
CHAPTER NINE: Getting It Right and Getting It Wrong 116
CHAPTER TEN: The Rise of the Western World 127
CHAPTER ELEVEN: The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union 146
CHAPTER TWELVE: Improving Economic Performance 155
CHAPTER THIRTEEN: Where Are We Going? 166

Bibliography 171
Index 183

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