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Throughout America's history immigration policy has always been a controversial and complex topic, going to the heart of what it means to be American. Now, with terrorism as a new concern, Americans have begun to look closer at the effects of rising immigration and porous borders.
In this cogently-argued work, immigration scholar Otis L. Graham, Jr. examines the history of immigration pressures and American policy debates and choices. He begins with the first "Great Wave" of the 1880s and traces the effects of the system of national origins, enforced from the 1920s through 1965. The reforms of the 1960s ushered in an era of large-scale legal and illegal immigration, resulting in a vast social experiment in demographic transformation. In assessing the past, present, and future of immigration, Graham shows that the failure to control the influx of foreigners is leading America toward further security risks, unsustainable population growth, imported worker competition with American labor, and, ultimately, social fragmentation.
Part I: Immigration Issues from the Founders to the Creation of a System of Limitation
Chapter 1: Nation of the Native Born Unready for the Great Wave
Chapter 2: Immigration Reform: The Beginnings of National Policy
Chapter 3: Great Wave and the Search for National Policy
Chapter 4: Labeling of Reformers
Chapter 5: In Search of National Immigration Policy
Chapter 6: Reform Comes: New System for Choosing and Limiting America's Immigrants
Part II: Benefits and Erosion of the National Origins System
Chapter 7: Immigration Restriction: Results and Reflections
Chapter 8: Reform of the Reform? Gate-Widening Counterattack Quietly Begins
Chapter 9: Forties and Fifties: Regulated Immigration: Popular, and under Global Pressure
Part III: Second Great Wave and the Return of Mass Immigration
Chapter 10: Immigration Reform Again: Road to the 1965 Immigration Act
Chapter 11: Mass Immigration Builds Momentum: Refugees Unlimited
Chapter 12: Illegal Immigration: "Peaceful Invasion" and Policy Ineptitude
Chapter 13: Case for Restriction: Economics
Chapter 14: Case for Restriction: Concerns over National Cohesion
Chapter 15: Case for Restriction: Immigration's Population-Environment Connection
Part IV: Strange Politics of Porous Borders: Present and Future
Chapter 16: Politics of Immigration—The 1990s
Chapter 17: September 11—A Turning Point?
Chapter 18: Our Mass Immigration Era: How Can This Be?
Chapter 19: Dogmas of the Past