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Unhappy Valley, Book One: Conflict in Kenya & Africa / Edition 1

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Overview


This long-awaited book is a considerable revision in the understanding of the history of colonial Kenya and, more widely, colonialism in Africa. There is a substantial amount of new work and this is interlocked with shared areas of concern that the authors have been exploring since 1976.

The authors investigate major themes. These include the conquest origins and subsequent development of the colonial state, the contradictory social forces that articulated African societies to European capitalism, and the creation of new political communities and changing meanings of ethnicity in Africa, in the context of social differentiation and class formation. There is substantial new work on the problems of Mau Mau and of wealth, poverty and civic virtue in Kikuyu political thought.

The authors make a fresh contribution to a deeper historical understanding of the development of contemporary Kenyan society and, in particular, of the British and Kukuyu origins of Mau Mau and the emergency of the 1950s.

They also highlight some of the shortcomings of ideas about development, explore the limitations of narrowly structuralist Marxist theory of the state, and reflect on the role of history in the future of Africa.

Book One on State and Class will be used by students of African history as well as of colonial Kenya; it is also concerned with the theory of history and of political science.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Unhappy Valley: Conflict in Kenya and in Africa is a must-read for all concerned with issues of colonization, dependency, and state building, as well as the nature and achievements of African resistance.”

-- Kinuthia Macharia, Modern African Studies

“There are some truly excellent ideas presented in Unhappy Valley, especially those relating to the definition of ethnicity and the process that creates the colonial state. … this work makes a significant contribution to our understanding of Kenyan history. More importantly, we are presented with new ways of examining African history which further the process of understanding and debate.”

-- African Studies Review

From the Publisher

Unhappy Valley: Conflict in Kenya and in Africa is a must-read for all concerned with issues of colonization, dependency, and state building, as well as the nature and achievements of African resistance.”

-- Kinuthia Macharia, Modern African Studies

“There are some truly excellent ideas presented in Unhappy Valley, especially those relating to the definition of ethnicity and the process that creates the colonial state. … this work makes a significant contribution to our understanding of Kenyan history. More importantly, we are presented with new ways of examining African history which further the process of understanding and debate.”

-- African Studies Review

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780821410172
  • Publisher: Ohio University Press
  • Publication date: 4/1/1992
  • Series: Eastern African Studies
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 252
  • Sales rank: 1,277,682
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 0.57 (d)

Meet the Author


Bruce Berman is a professor of political studies at Queen's University, Ontario.

John Lonsdale is a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

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Table of Contents

Maps ix
Acknowledgements x
Preface xi
Glossary xiii
Book 1 State & Class
1 Introduction: An Encounter in Unhappy Valley 1
Part I Conquest 11
2 The Conquest State of Kenya, 1895-1905 13
Conquest: the investment of force 15
The highlanders of Kenya 19
State-building 1 The politics of conquest 21
State-building 2 The politics of control 31
State formation: the vulgarization of power 36
Notes 39
3 The Politics of Conquest in Western Kenya, 1894-1908 45
Notes 72
Part II Contradictions & the Development of the Colonial State 75
4 Coping with the Contradictions: The Development of the Colonial State, 1895-1914 77
The colonial state and the articulation of modes of production in the world system 78
Our foundations in Kenya's historiography 82
Peasant production and the foundations of political control 84
Private capital, settlers and the state 88
African labour and the contradiction between estate and peasant production 91
Conclusions: the centrality of the state in the political economy of colonialism 94
Notes 95
5 Crises of Accumulation, Coercion & the Colonial State: The Development of the Labour Control System, 1919-29 101
Introduction: explaining the form of the colonial state (1990) 101
Settler production, state coercion and African labour 104
Notes 122
Part III Capitalism & the Colonial State in Theoretical & Comparative Perspective 127
6 The Concept of 'Articulation' & the Political Economy of Colonialism 129
Notes 138
7 Structure & Process in the Bureaucratic States of Colonial Africa 140
Introduction 140
The colonial state as an agency of economic change: articulation and accumulation 145
The colonial state as an agency of political domination 151
Conclusion: centralization, development and the decline of the colonial state 163
Notes 167
Part IV Pasts and Futures 177
8 Up From Structuralism 179
Dependency theory and the temptations of structuralism 179
From systemic categories to historical processes: the colonial state as the product/determinant of contradiction and struggle 185
Beyond the limits of structuralism: culture, ideology and historical experience 198
Notes 201
9 African Pasts in Africa's Future 203
Notes 219
Index to Books One and Two (In Book One only)
Book 2 Violence & Ethnicity
Part V Unhappy Valley: The State, Mau Mau & the Path to Violence 225
10 Bureaucracy and Incumbent Violence: Colonial Administration and the Origins of the 'Mau Mau' Emergency 227
The Kenya Administration: discretion and rigidity 230
The administrator and African politics: protecting the 'man in the blanket' from the 'man in trousers' 237
Economic growth and the crisis of colonial administration 242
The Provincial Administration and the KAU: the escalating conflict 248
Incumbent authorities and collective violence 252
Notes 257
11 The Moral Economy of Mau Mau: The Problem 265
Purpose 265
Problem 269
Historiography 282
Notes 303
12 The Moral Economy of Mau Mau: Wealth, Poverty & Civic Virtue in Kikuyu Political Thought 315
Argument 315
Evidence 317
Imperialism and nationalism 322
Nation and tribe 326
Tribe and class 350
Religion and politics 367
Terror 401
Past, present and future 461
Notes 468
Index i
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