The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945

The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945

by Vaughan Lowe
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199583307

ISBN-13: 9780199583300

Pub. Date: 06/06/2010

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been—and was never equipped to be—the center of

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Overview

This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been—and was never equipped to be—the center of a comprehensive system of collective security. However, it remains the body charged with primary responsibility for international peace and security. It offers unique opportunities for international consultation and military collaboration, and for developing legal and normative frameworks. It has played a part in the reduction in the incidence of international war in the period since 1945.

The United Nations Security Council and War examines the extent to which the work of the UN Security Council, as it has evolved, has or has not replaced older systems of power politics and practices regarding the use of force. Its starting point is the failure to implement the UN Charter scheme of having combat forces under direct UN command. Instead, the Council has advanced the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has authorized coalitions of states to take military action; and it has developed some unanticipated roles such as the establishment of post-conflict transitional administrations, international criminal tribunals, and anti-terrorism committees.

The book, bringing together distinguished scholars and practitioners, draws on the methods of the lawyer, the historian, the student of international relations, and the practitioner. It begins with an introductory overview of the Council's evolving roles and responsibilities. It then discusses specific thematic issues, and through a wide range of case studies examines the scope and limitations of the Council's involvement in war. It offers frank accounts of how belligerents viewed the UN, and how the Council acted and sometimes failed to act. The appendices provide comprehensive information—much of it not previously brought together in this form—of the extraordinary range of the Council's activities.

This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199583300
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
06/06/2010
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
816
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.60(h) x 1.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Acronyms xi

List of Contributors xvii

1 Introduction: The Editors 1

Part I The Framework

2 A Council for All Seasons: The Creation of the Security Council and Its Relevance Today Edward C. Luck 61

3 The Charter Limitations on the Use of Force: Theory and Practice Christine Gray 86

4 Proposals for UN Standing Forces: A Critical History Adam Roberts 99

Part II The Roles of the Security Council

5 The Security Council and the Great Powers Nico Krisch 133

6 The Security Council, the General Assembly, and War: The Uniting for Peace Resolution Dominik Zaum 154

7 The Security Council and Peacekeeping Mats Berdal 175

8 The Sanctions Era: Themes and Trends in UN Security Council Sanctions since 1990 David Cortright George A. Lopez Linda Gerber-Stellingwerf 205

9 The Security Council's Authorization of Regional Arrangements to Use Force: The Case of NATO Dan Sarooshi 226

10 The Security Council in the Post-Cold War World Jeremy Greenstock 248

Part III Case Studies

11 The United Nations, the Security Council, and the Korean War William Stueck 265

12 The Suez Crisis and the British Dilemma at the United Nations Wm. Roger Louis 280

13 The Security Council and the Arab-Israeli Wars: 'Responsibility without Power' Bruce D. Jones 298

14 The Security Council and the India-Pakistan Wars Rahul Roy-Chaudhury 324

15 The Security Council and East Timor Peter Carey Pat Walsh 346

16 The Security Council and the Iran-Iraq War Charles Tripp 368

17 The Security Council and the 1991 and 2003 Wars in Iraq James Cockayne David M. Malone 384

18 The Security Council and the Wars in the Former Yugoslavia Susan L. Woodward 406

19 The Security Council and the Bosnian Conflict: A Practitioner's View Rupert Smith 442

20 The Security Council and the Afghan Conflict Gilles Dorronsoro 452

21 The Security Council and Three Wars in West Africa Adekeye Adebajo 466

22 The Security Council in the Wings: Exploring the Security Council's Non-involvement in Wars J. P. D. Dunbabin 494

Part IV The Security Council and the Changing Character of War

23 The Different Functions of the Security Council with Respect to Humanitarian Law Georg Nolte 519

24 The Security Council and Humanitarian Intervention Jennifer M. Welsh 535

25 The Security Council and the Administration of War-torn and Contested Territories Richard Caplan 563

26 The Security Council and International Law on Military Occupations David Scheffer 580

27 The Security Council and Terrorism Jane Boulden 608

28 The Security Council and the Use of Private Force Sarah V. Percy 624

Appendices

1 UN Peacekeeping Operations, 1945-2006 643

2 UN Missions, Institutions, and Forces not Classified as Peacekeeping Operations, 1945-2006 663

3 UN-Authorized Military Operations, 1945-2006 672

4 UN-Authorized Sanctions, 1945-2006 678

5 Vetoed Resolutions in the UN Security Council, 1945-2006 688

6 Uses of the Uniting for Peace Resolution, 1950-2006 706

7 List of Armed Conflicts and Crises, 1945-2006 709

Index 745

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