The United Nations System

The United Nations System

by Chadwick Alger
     
 

ISBN-10: 1851098054

ISBN-13: 9781851098057

Pub. Date: 11/21/2005

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

From the beginnings of the Cold War to efforts to control Saddam Hussein's weapons program, this indispensable guide to the history and workings of the UN system shows how this widely misunderstood organization has helped to make the world a safer place and what its future prospects are likely to be.

Overview

From the beginnings of the Cold War to efforts to control Saddam Hussein's weapons program, this indispensable guide to the history and workings of the UN system shows how this widely misunderstood organization has helped to make the world a safer place and what its future prospects are likely to be.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781851098057
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
11/21/2005
Series:
Contemporary World Issues Series
Pages:
392
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
13 - 18 Years

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
1Background and History1
The UN System in Historical Perspective5
Emergence of New Tools for Peace Building9
Organization of the UN System15
Financing the UN System23
The Political Process in the UN System25
Conclusion26
Notes27
2Problems, Controversies, and Solutions29
Varied Definitions of Global Values30
The Challenge of Global Complexity32
The Functions of Social Conflict33
The Need for Long-Term Peace Building33
The Need for a UN Standby Peacekeeping Force35
Are Changes in Security Council and General Assembly Voting and Security Council Membership Needed?36
Alternative Modes for Financing the UN System39
Expanding Participation in Global Governance40
What Are Your Involvements and Responsibilities?45
References46
3The Ambivalent Participation of the United States in the UN System49
Historic Roots of U.S. Ambivalence49
Factors Contributing to U.S. Government Unilateralism51
Public Opinion on the United Nations53
Public Knowledge about the United Nations57
Seven Factors Contributing to U.S. Government Unilateralism59
Emerging Opportunities for Public Education and Participation60
Conclusion63
References64
4Chronology of the Emergence and Development of the UN System67
Historic Roots of the UN System67
Principal Organizations of the United Nations72
Organizations Created by the General Assembly82
UN Specialized Agencies87
UN World Conferences106
Coordination of the UN System107
References109
5Facts and Data113
Table of Contents114
League of Nations Covenant116
UN Charter126
Member States (191) of the United Nations with Dates on which They Joined152
International Bill of Human Rights156
Monitoring Bodies for Core Human Rights Treaties196
UN Electoral Assistance197
Examples of Human Rights Activities of Other UN Agencies200
UN Peacekeeping Operations209
UN Peacemaking and Peace-Building Missions214
International Criminal Tribunals215
UN System Counterterrorism Efforts217
Financing the UN System224
Secretaries-General of the United Nations230
Presidents of the UN General Assembly231
UN System Nobel Peace Prizes231
UN Conferences 1994-2004234
Former UN Trust Territories237
Remaining Non-Self-Governing Territories238
Public Links to the UN System238
Nineteenth-Century Roots of Organizations in the UN System246
References248
6Alternative Futures for the UN System251
Table of Contents252
The Millennium Project252
Secretary General's High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change254
Cardoso Panel: United Nations-Civil Society Relations257
Panel on UN Peace Operations (Brahimi Report on Peacekeeping)259
Security Council Reform261
Reform of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)268
UN Parliamentary Assembly271
Asian Civil Society Forum (ACSF) Statement on UN-Civil Society Relations273
There Are Tasks for Everybody279
References286
7Directory of Organizations, Associations, and Agencies289
Table of Contents290
UN System Acronyms290
UN Peacekeeping Operations Acronyms294
Organizations of States Outside the UN System, Both Global and Regional295
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)297
International Organizations of Local Authorities with Worldwide Members300
Regional Organizations of Local Authorities in Global Regions Outside of Europe302
Organizations of Local Authorities in the European Region303
Nongovernmental Organizations/Civil Society303
8Biographical Sketches of Present Heads of UN System Organizations313
UN Secretary-General314
Heads of Eleven UN Programs, Funds, and Other Entities315
Heads of Eleven UN Specialized Agencies323
9Selected Print and Nonprint Resources331
Table of Contents332
Books332
Articles and Chapters337
Future of the UN System References339
The UN Intellectual History Project341
Other Recent Publications about UN System History343
Bibliographies344
Encyclopedias345
Yearbook345
Journals345
Educational Materials on the UN System346
Web Access to Full Text of UN Documents349
Twenty-Five Most Central UN Treaties349
Websites350
Index353
About the Author375

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