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United States And China, 4th Revised And Enlarged Edition (Enl) / Edition 4

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Overview

For two generations scholars and general readers have looked to John King Fairbank’s The United States and China for knowledge and insights about China. In this fourth edition, enlarged, he includes a new preface and an epilogue that brings the book up to date through the events of 1982. He has also updated the vast bibliography and both indexes. This book stands almost alone as a history of China, an analysis of Chinese society, and an account of Sino–American relations, all in brief compass.
The older portions of the book still sparkle, and they have been refined by the latest scholarship and the author’s own observations in the People’s Republic of China. And many photographs, especially chosen by John and Wilma Fairbank, show a changing land and its inhabitants.
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Editorial Reviews

New Republic
Fairbank provides a miraculously concise account of Chinese civilization from its foundations to the present day… Maps, photographs, and an 80-page bibliography make this an invaluable reference work.
New York Times Book Review
An indispensable book for thoughtful people.
China Business Review
As useful and timely as when it first appeared in 1948. Written by America's foremost China scholar, John Fairbank, the book addresses a popular, not the academic, audience. It offers a sweeping view of the Chinese polity from ancient times up to the recent, convoluted period of Western contact, spiced by the wit and insight into detail of a geographer who drew the maps himself… Yet the book offers much to the specialist as well as the layman. To the historian, a state-of-the-art review of the latest historical analysis of modern China… To the student, a cogent guide to the field… For the diplomat and businessman, the work explores that most intangible but also most influential area of human feeling between the two countries that has launched ventures and derailed them.
Asia Mail
[Fairbank's] ability to transcend the academic to write a highly readable, authoritative, information-packed, perceptive and analytical account of the Chinese is unsurpassed. This is must reading for all Asiaphiles.
Asiaweek Literary Review
Still flashes with brilliance in its latest (fourth) incarnation… With this latest edition of what is arguably the best guide to China in any language, American and other non-Chinese readers may finally catch a glimpse of the 'very complex' Chinese way of life.
New Republic
Fairbank provides a miraculously concise account of Chinese civilization from its foundations to the present day...Maps, photographs, and an 80-page bibliography make this an invaluable reference work.
China Business Review
As useful and timely as when it first appeared in 1948. Written by America's foremost China scholar, John Fairbank, the book addresses a popular, not the academic, audience. It offers a sweeping view of the Chinese polity from ancient times up to the recent, convoluted period of Western contact, spiced by the wit and insight into detail of a geographer who drew the maps himself...Yet the book offers much to the specialist as well as the layman. To the historian, a state-of-the-art review of the latest historical analysis of modern china...To the student, a cogent guide to the field...For the diplomat and businessman, the work explores that most intangible but also most influential area of human feeling between the two countries that has launched ventures and derailed them.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780674924383
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1983
  • Series: American Foreign Policy Library Series
  • Edition description: Enl
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 664
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

John King Fairbank was Francis Lee Higginson Professor of History and Director of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University.
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Table of Contents

  • Foreword [Edwin O. Reischauer]
  • Preface, 1983, by John King Fairbank
  • Introduction
    • 1. The Chinese Scene
      • The Contrast of North and South
      • China’s Origins
      • The Harmony of Man and Nature




  • Part I: The Old Order
    • 2. The Nature of Chinese Society
      • Social Structure
      • The Peasant: Family and Kinship
      • The Market Community
      • Early China as an “Oriental” Society
      • The Medieval Flowering
      • The Gentry Class
      • The Chinese Written Language—The Scholar
      • Chinese Writing
      • The Scholar Class
      • Nondevelopment of Capitalism—The Merchant


    • 3. The Confucian Pattern
      • Confucian Principles
      • Government by Moral Prestige
      • Early Achievements in Bureaucratic Administration
      • The Classical Orthodoxy
      • Neo-Confucianism Chinese Militarism
      • Individualism, Chinese Style
      • The Nondevelopment of Science


    • 4. Alien Rule and Dynastic Cycles
      • Nomad Conquest
      • The First Sino-Foreign Empires
      • The Manchu Achievement
      • The Nature of Chinese Nationalism
      • The Dynastic Cycle


    • 5. The Political Tradition
      • Bureaucracy
      • Central Controls
      • Government as Organized “Corruption”
      • Law
      • Religion
      • Taoism
      • Buddhism
      • Chinese Humanism
      • Folk Sects and Peasant Rebellion




  • Part II: The Revolutionary Process
    • 6. The Western Invasion
      • European versus Chinese Expansion
      • The Arab Role
      • The Ming Explorations
      • Early Maritime Contact
      • The Jesuit Success
      • China’s Impact on Europe
      • The Tribute System
      • The Canton System and Its Collapse
      • The Treaty System
      • Extraterritoriality
      • The Demographic Disaster


    • 7. Rebellion and Restoration
      • The White Lotus as a Prototype
      • The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
      • The Taiping Religion
      • Taiping Communism
      • The Nien and Other Rebels
      • The Restoration of Confucian Government
      • “China’s Response to the West” in Retrospect


    • 8. Reform and Revolution
      • The Self-Strengthening Movement
      • Imperialism and Reform in 1898
      • Revolutionaries versus Reformers
      • Sun Yat-sen
      • Liang Ch’i-ch’ao
      • Dynastic Reform and Republican Revolution
      • The New Nationalism
      • The Revolutionary Leadership


    • 9. The Rise of the Kuomintang
      • The Search for a New Order
      • The Collapse of Parliamentary Democracy
      • The Republic’s Decline into Warlordism
      • The Growth of Urban Nationalism
      • The May Fourth Movement
      • The Student Movement and New Literature
      • The Nationalist Revolution
      • The Kuomintang–Communist Alliance
      • The Nationalist Accession to Power


    • 10. The Nanking Government
      • Political Development
      • Party Dictatorship
      • Rights Recovery
      • The Rise of Chiang Kai-shek
      • Echoes of Confucianism
      • Roots of Totalitarianism
      • Progress toward Industrialization
      • Transportation
      • Industry
      • Banking and Fiscal Policy
      • Public Finance
      • Local Government
      • The Rural Problem


    • 11. The Rise of the Communist Party
      • Vicissitudes of the First Decade
      • The Attractions of Communism
      • The Comintern’s Difficulties
      • The Rise of Mao Tse-tung
      • The Maoist Strategy
      • Yenan and Wartime Expansion
      • Organization of Popular Support
      • Wartime Ideological Development
      • The New Democracy
      • Liberation




  • Part III: The United States and the People’s Republic
    • 12. Our Inherited China Policy
      • American Expansion and Britain’s Empire
      • America’s Role within Britain’s Informal Empire
      • The American Ambivalence about China
      • The Evolution of the Open Door
      • The Integrity of China
      • The Nature of the American Interest
      • America’s Contribution and the Fate of Liberalism


    • 13. United States Policy and the Nationalist Defeat
      • American Aid and Mediation
      • The Nationalist Debacle
      • The “Loss of China” in America
      • Our Ally Taiwan


    • 14. The People’s Republic: Establishing the New Order
      • Political Control
      • Coalition Government
      • The Party, Government, and Army Structures
      • The Mass Organizations
      • Law and Security
      • Economic Reconstruction
      • Land Reform
      • Social Reorganization
      • Thought Reform
      • Communism and Confucianism
      • Criticism, Literary and Political
      • The Korean War and Soviet Aid


    • 15. The Struggle for Socialist Transformation
      • Collectivization of Agriculture
      • The First Five-Year Plan
      • The Struggles with Intellectuals and with Cadres
      • China in the World Scene
      • The Great Leap Forward
      • The Communes


    • 16. The Second Revolution
      • Mao and His Opponents
      • The Two Approaches to China’s Revolution
      • The Sino–Soviet Split
      • The Growth of Bureaucratic Evils
      • Cadre Life
      • Mao Revives the Revolution: The Socialist Education
      • Movement
      • Repoliticizing the Army
      • The Cultural Revolution
      • The Aftermath
      • Mao Tse-tung’s Monument


    • 17. Perspectives: China and Ourselves
      • Our China Policy and the Wars in Korea and Vietnam
      • New Perspectives of the 1970s
      • China Today in the Light of Her Past
      • Echoes of the Dynastic Cycle
      • Processes of Modernization
      • Problems of the New Order




  • Epilogue, 1983
  • Suggested Reading
  • 1983 Addenda to Suggested Reading
  • Index to Suggested Reading
  • General Index
  • Credits for Illustrations

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