The United States and the End of British Colonial Rule in Africa, 1941-1968

Overview

At the end of World War II, Britain possessed a vast African empire encompassing nearly 2.7 million square miles, about 10 times larger than Britain itself. But by 1965, only three small African territories remained under British control, all of which would become independent before the end of 1968. This book examines the swift demise of Britain's African empire, looking particularly at the role played by the United States in bringing the empire to an end. It reveals how the United States was anti-colonial ...

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Overview

At the end of World War II, Britain possessed a vast African empire encompassing nearly 2.7 million square miles, about 10 times larger than Britain itself. But by 1965, only three small African territories remained under British control, all of which would become independent before the end of 1968. This book examines the swift demise of Britain's African empire, looking particularly at the role played by the United States in bringing the empire to an end. It reveals how the United States was anti-colonial without being actively pro-independence, concluding that the country's policies and actions, combined with its postwar dominance, directly and indirectly contributed to the political, economic, and social transformation of Africa.

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Editorial Reviews

H-Diplo Roundtable Review
Hubbard's detailed narrative provides a rich account of the ins and outs of British and American policymaking in the face of African nationalist agitation. The book serves as an excellent reference
Oxford Journals Clippings Diplomatic History
"engagingly written"
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780786459520
  • Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
  • Publication date: 11/8/2010
  • Pages: 421
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

James P. Hubbard is retired and lives in Reston, Virginia. He has written about education in colonial Nigeria.

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Table of Contents

Preface 1

1 The United States and Colonies, 1941-1945: Roosevelt Seizes the High Moral Ground 5

2 Churchill, Britain, and Empire, 1941-1945: Hands Off the British Empire 29

3 The Truman Administration, 1945-1952: Global Power and Colonies 45

4 Great Britain, the United States and Colonial Issues in the United Nations, 1946-1952: In the Middle of the Road 65

5 Colonial Reform in London, 1946-1952: Fresh Ideas 80

6 Colonial Reform in West Africa, 1946-1952: A Good Beginning 94

7 Colonial Reform in East and Central Africa, 1946-1952: Rural Revolt and Federation 115

8 Egypt, Britain, the United States, and the Sudan, 1946-1954: A Bargaining Chip 130

9 The Eisenhower Administration and British Africa, 1953-1960: At Arm's Length 146

10 Colonialism in the United Nations During the Eisenhower Years, 1953-1960: Still in the Middle 169

11 Colonial Policy Under the Conservatives, 1952-1959: Foot Dragging 180

12 Anglo-American Sponsored Development: A Road Not Taken 191

13 West Africa and the Sudan, 1953-1960: Final Steps 202

14 East Africa, 1953-1959: Political Transformations 218

15 Central Africa, 1953-1959: Hopes Unfulfilled 246

16 British Colonial Policy, 1959-1960: Macleod Accelerates the Pace 255

17 Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, 1959-1960: Rough Waters 272

18 Kennedy, Macmillan, and Africa, 1961-1963: A New Style 286

19 West and East Africa, 1961-1963: Carrying on Regardless 302

20 Central Africa, 1961-1963: End of Federation 321

21 Johnson and British Colonial Africa, 1963-1968: No Rescue 350

Conclusions 364

Chapter Notes 373

Bibliography 397

Index 407

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