The United States and the European Trade Union Movement, 1944-1951

Overview

In this study of U.S. postwar policy toward the reconstruction of Europe's trade unions, Romero demonstrates the weaknesses of the American strategy to reshape European societies in the likeness of American social pluralism. Using Italy as a case study, he shows how the U.S. government cooperated with the American Federation of Labor to support friendly anti-Communist unions.

Originally published in 1993.

A UNC Press Enduring Edition — UNC ...

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The United States and the European Trade Union Movement, 1944-1951

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Overview

In this study of U.S. postwar policy toward the reconstruction of Europe's trade unions, Romero demonstrates the weaknesses of the American strategy to reshape European societies in the likeness of American social pluralism. Using Italy as a case study, he shows how the U.S. government cooperated with the American Federation of Labor to support friendly anti-Communist unions.

Originally published in 1993.

A UNC Press Enduring Edition — UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

"A superb integration of national and international history."—Journal of American History

"A fascinating and scholarly study in cold war history, equally expert in both American and Italian history."—International History Review

"Must reading for all who seek a more sophisticated understanding of how countries interact, each under the influence of its own political culture."—American Historical Review

"[Romero] has provided an excellent synthesis and successfully blended the international and internal, Italian and American facets of a complicated and important story, and done so in a readable and interesting text."—Sidney Tarrow, Cornell University

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A superb integration of national and international history."—Journal of American History

"A fascinating and scholarly study in cold war history, equally expert in both American and Italian history."—International History Review

"Must reading for all who seek a more sophisticated understanding of how countries interact, each under the influence of its own political culture."—American Historical Review

"[Romero] has provided an excellent synthesis and successfully blended the international and internal, Italian and American facets of a complicated and important story, and done so in a readable and interesting text."—Sidney Tarrow, Cornell University

Booknews
Romero (American history, U. of Bologna, Italy) uses Italy as an example of how, as part of the reconstruction after World War II, the US government tried and failed to mold European trade unions into the American model: nonpolitical, concerned only with wages and working conditions, and supportive of market capitalism. Originally published in Italian in 1989. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807857502
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/2011
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations Used in the Text
Pt. 1 The Postwar Reconversion, 1944-1946
Ch. 1 A Prosperous, Stable, and Democratic World 3
The Unions and the Peace: The CIO 8
The AFL and Its Anti-Soviet Policy 12
The World Federation of Trade Unions 17
The United States Government and the Trade Union Issue 21
From the New Deal to Productivity 25
Ch. 2 The Primacy of Politics: Italy 31
Liberalizing the Trade Unions 33
The Visit of the Anglo-American Trade Union Delegation 37
The Allied Administration and the CGIL 47
The Liberation 52
The Confederation and the Political Parties 59
Political Alliances 65
Pt. 2 The World Splits in Two, 1947-1951
Ch. 3 The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan: Toward Anti-Communist Stabilization 81
The American Mission in Greece 83
The Attack on the WFTU 88
The Marshall Plan 96
The AFL on the Offensive 103
The Crisis in the CIO 107
Ch. 4 The Breakup of the International Trade Union Movement 114
The Trade Union Conference for the ERP 115
The Breakup of the WFTU 122
"Western" Trade Unionism 126
The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions 131
Ch. 5 Divisions and Realignments: The Italian Case 138
Reformism and Anticommunism 139
The CGIL, the ERP, and the Elections of 18 April 1948 148
The Catholic Withdrawal from the CGIL 158
A Single, Large Anti-Communist Union 164
Ch. 6 The European Recover Program: Toward a New Model of Society and Trade Unions 175
The ECA and the Unions 178
The ECA and Productivity: Between Stability and Modernization 182
The Weakness of the Unions: The Italian Case 191
Rearmament and the "Productivity Drive" 201
Conclusion 215
Notes 227
Selected Sources 279
Index 285
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