Uniting a Divided City: Governance and Social Exclusion in Johannesburg

Uniting a Divided City: Governance and Social Exclusion in Johannesburg

by Jo Beall, Owen Crankshaw, Susan Parnell
     
 

ISBN-10: 1853839213

ISBN-13: 9781853839214

Pub. Date: 08/28/2002

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

For many, Johannesburg resembles the imagined spectre of the urban future. Global anxieties about catastrophic urban explosion, social fracture, environmental degradation, escalating crime and violence, and rampant consumerism alongside grinding poverty, are projected onto this city as a microcosm of things to come. Decision-makers in cities worldwide have

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Overview

For many, Johannesburg resembles the imagined spectre of the urban future. Global anxieties about catastrophic urban explosion, social fracture, environmental degradation, escalating crime and violence, and rampant consumerism alongside grinding poverty, are projected onto this city as a microcosm of things to come. Decision-makers in cities worldwide have attempted to balance harsh fiscal and administrative realities with growing demands for political, economic and social justice. This book investigates pragmatic approaches to urban economic development, service delivery, spatial restructuring, environmental sustainability and institutional reform in Johannesburg. It explores the conditions and processes that are determining the city's transformation into a cosmopolitan metropole and magnet for the continent.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781853839214
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
08/28/2002
Edition description:
1
Pages:
254
Product dimensions:
6.52(w) x 9.56(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figuresviii
List of Tablesix
Acknowledgementsxi
List of Acronyms and Abbreviationsxiii
Part 1Ways of Understanding Divided Cities
1Introduction to a Divided City3
Introduction3
Organizationof the book5
2Reverberations from a Divided City7
Johannesburg as a 21st-century city7
Ways of seeing divided cities9
Ways of governing divided cities15
Social institutions in divided cities20
Making the connections: social exclusion in divided cities23
Part 2The Changing Spatial Structure of the City
3Beyond Racial Fordism: Changing Patterns of Social Inequality29
Introduction29
From racial apartheid to social polarization in Johannesburg30
The changing political economy of Johannesburg33
Social polarization in Johannesburg: deindustrialization, urbanization and unemployment37
Conclusion42
4Post-Fordist Polarization: The Changing Spatial Order of the City45
Introduction45
Racial Fordism in Johannesburg46
The post-Fordist spatial order52
Conclusion60
Part 3Institutional Responses to Urban Change
5Decentralization by Stealth: Democratization or Disempowerment through Developmental Local Government?65
Introduction65
The deracialization and decolonization of local government67
The decentralization paradox of the South African local government transition71
The design of democratic local government73
Conclusion85
6The Politics of Fiscal Austerity in Creating Equitable City Government87
Introduction87
Crisis? What crisis?88
What is iGoli 2002?94
Is iGoli 2002 a policy that can unite a divided city?99
Conclusion105
Part 4Living in a Divided City
7The Inner-city Challenge: Locating Partners for Urban Regeneration109
Introduction109
The case for inner-city regeneration in Johannesburg110
Downtown decline and the partnership business113
Residential regeneration in the inner city: the case of Yeoville118
Community dynamics in Yeoville121
Conclusion127
8Participatory Planning and Informal Settlement Upgrading in Diepsloot129
Introduction129
The social origins of peri-urban squatter settlements132
Social mobilization and social inclusion in Diepsloot134
Conclusion148
9Housing and Service Consumption in Soweto151
Introduction151
Service provision in Johannesburg152
Residents' access to services in Johannesburg154
Social differentiation in Soweto as seen through housing161
Service stories from Orlando East165
Local politics and state--society relations in Orlando East170
Conclusion172
10The People Behind the Walls: Insecurity, Identity and Gated Communities175
Introduction175
Crime city176
Walls, malls and treadmills: Johannesburg's middle-class fortress enclaves179
Counting us in or counting us out? Soweto's hostels as 'gated communities'185
Conclusion194
11Conclusion: Lessons from a Uniting City196
Johannesburg and the prerequisites for understanding divided cities196
Lessons for inclusive urban governance202
Conclusion205
Notes206
References214
Index230

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