Universal Banking in the Twentieth Century: Finance, Industry and the State in North and Central Europe

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This important new volume addresses the many aspects of banking in European market economies in the twentieth century, making innovative and authoritative research available to historians, economists, financiers and business analysts. The distinguished group of authors examines the historic role of banks in utilizing domestic and foreign financial resources. Their contributions show that from the 1880s onwards banks became an integral part of the capital market in continental Europe. In the course of this development the banks played a crucial part in financing industry in North and Central Europe. This symbiotic relationship between banks and industry is analysed and is shown to have had a decisive impact on the inflation and crisis-prone interwar period. The comparative and quantitative methods applied in these papers reveal differences between the countries of North and Central Europe, especially with regard to the degree of state intervention in individual economies. Other topics discussed include the networks of interlocking directorships, the effectiveness of banking legislation and the impact of the national question on banking in Central and Southeast Europe. Universal Banking in the Twentieth Century illustrates both striking similarities and marked differences in the role of universal, banking across Europe in terms of the level of industrialization and the pace of economic growth.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781852789770
  • Publisher: Elgar, Edward Publishing, Inc.
  • Publication date: 11/1/1994
  • Pages: 328

Table of Contents

List of tables and figures
List of contributors
Introduction by editors
1 Continuity and change in Swedish banking 3
2 The Norwegian banking system before and after the interwar crises 12
3 Origins of the banking system in interwar Czechoslovakia 22
4 Banking and nationality in Hungary, 1867-1914 32
5 Universal banking in the Slovene region, 1900-1945 44
6 Production versus currency: the Danish Central Bank in the 1920s 59
7 Norwegian banks and the legacy of the interwar years 77
8 The establishment of the Anglo-Czechoslovak Bank: conflicting interests 96
9 The failure of crisis management: banking laws in interwar Austria 116
10 Banking system changes after the establishment of the Independent Czechoslovak Republic 142
11 Bank-industry relations in interwar Slovakia 142
12 'Mushrooms and dinosaurs': Sieghart and the Boden-Credit-Anstalt during the 1920s 155
13 'For better, for worse...': the Credit-Anstalt and its customers in 1931 178
14 The Wiener Bank-Verein and its customers in the 1920s and 1930s 194
15 Financing industrial companies in interwar Austria: working capital and liquidity 208
16 The industrial clientele of the Hungarian General Credit Bank, 1920-26 215
17 Networks of bankers and industrialists in Greece in the interwar period 229
18 Interlocking directorships between banks and industry in interwar Sweden 246
19 Interlocking directorships between commercial banks and industry in interwar Vienna 260
Index 295
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