Read an Excerpt
Universal Millwork Catalog, 1927
Over 500 Designs for Doors, Windows, Stairways, Cabinets and Other Woodwork
By Victor M. Linoff
Dover Publications, Inc.Copyright © 2003 Victor M. Linoff
All rights reserved.
ON the following pages are illustrated a few combinations of front entrances, typical of the various types of architecture. These have been carefully designed to create harmony between the door and the entrance, and also with a view of appropriateness for moderate priced homes. None of these combinations are costly. A study of these designs will suggest a great many other combinations with the use of other door or sidelights as illustrated further on in this book.
The importance of harmony in the entrance cannot be emphasized too strongly, as the entire home is dominated by its influence. Sidelights help wonderfully to brighten up an entrance and give additional light in the vestibule or hallway. Occasionally where space is limited one sidelight with the door can be used with very good effect.
For practical purposes as well as appearances the entrance door should be at least 3 – 0 wide. The thickness should be 1¾ inches to permit the use of substantial hardware and prevent warping and also insure ample protection from the elements.
When ordering entrance frames always specify type of wall construction and give size of door and sidelights, also transom if one is required.
Additional suggestions of porch designs which can be used with these entrances are shown on pages 302 and 303 in the section covering porch work.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U10
THE charm of the Colonial entrance is aptly expressed in this beautiful design. The sidelights provide ample light for hall or vestibule. The fan panel across the top creates the proper exterior balance, but does not interfere with the ceiling height within the house. The lower ceiling of the average small home will only accommodate a very shallow transom. A door 3-0 x 7-0 with sidelights 1 fit. 2 in. wide affords excellent proportions for this design.
Complete entrance includes door U132, two sidelights U318, glazed D.S., fan panel U1254 and frame shown for any type of wall construction. See frame details, pages 138 to 145. Hardware, railing, electric fixtures, etc., are never included.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U15
ADOPTED from the English architecture this simple design with its stained woodwork and paneled porch is appropriate for the half timbered type of home. is Door Design U174 can also be used with perfect harmony in this design.
Complete entrance shown includes door U170, glazed bevel plate, frame for any type wall construction, 2 columns and 2 half columns No. U3354, 4½ in. square, 8-6 long, 2 panels 4-6 high, 3-0 wide and segment bracket 6½ ft. long.
Entrance door should be either 3-0 x 6-8 or 3-0 x 7 – 0 and 1¾ in. thick. Can be made of solid softwood or veneered with any of the hardwoods. Frame is standard construction as shown on pages 138 to 145. Hardware shown is not included.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U20
THIS entrance is particularly adapted to the Dutch Colonial home with its first story roof line, but can also be used on other types of Colonial houses. Because of the transom, a door 6-8 high is recommended, otherwise it will interfere with the ceiling inside the home. If desired a small fan panel as on Design U10 can be used instead of the transom.
A door 3-0 wide and sidelights 1 ft. 2 in. wide and either 6-8 or 7 – 0 high will maintain the pleasing proportions of this design.
Complete entrance includes door U134, two sidelights U325, transom U1248, frame for any type of wall construction, two seats 4-0 long, two brackets U8550 and moulds only for hood. Crown mould is No. 7004. No hardware included.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U25
HERE the Spanish influence is revealed in one of those delightful recessed entrances peculiar to this type. The panel above the door is made with glazed tile and moulding is furnished loose on frame to be applied over the tile. This panel can also be made of stucco or ornamental composition with good results. Other doors such as design U108 and U123 can also be used to good advantage in this entrance.
Door should be made 3-0 wide x 7 – 0 high and 1¾ in. thick. Be sure to specify kind of wood wanted and whether veneered with the same wood on both sides.
Entrance shown includes door U110 glazed bevel plate and square head frame for stucco or masonry wall construction. No hardware included.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U30
THIS bungalow entrance is a typical American design and can be adapted to any number of attractive small home arrangements. There is plenty of light for a cheerful hall or vestibule, and the flush or slab construction of the door and sidelights permits an attractive display of grain.
A door 3-0 wide and sidelights 1-0 wide and either 6-8 or 7 – 0 high will maintain the proportions of this design.
Complete entrance includes door U124, two sidelights U312 and frame made for any type of wall construction. No hardware included. Brackets are Design U3574. Additional seat designs which can be used to good advantage will be found on page 311.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U35
THIS New England Colonial Entrance is beautiful in its simplicity. The half circle affords just enough light for the vestibule while insuring privacy. The illustration shows paneled jambs to give depth to the recess, for the vestibule while insuring privacy. The illustration shows paneled jambs to give depth to the recess, but the ordinary jambs can also be used.
Door shown is 3 – 0 × 7 – 0 and while a door 6-8 high can be used, it should not be less than 3-0 wide.
Complete entrance includes door U130 and frame as shown with pilasters and broken pediment. Be sure to state if jambs are to be paneled. No hardware included.
Door U132 with a small light of glass in each top panel will also fit in nicely with this entrance.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U40
THIS combination of small lights in door and sidelights is especially adapted to the modern square type of house. The beveled plate glass gives a very rich and pleasing effect and floods the hall or vestibule with a generous amount of light. Other combinations, such as door U140 instead of a divided light door, or door U148 with sidelights U308, will also be pleasing in this entrance.
This design shows door 3-0 × 7 – 0 and sidelights 1-4 wide, glazed bevel plate.
Complete entrance shown includes door U150, two sidelights U310 and standard frame for any type of wall construction. State kind of wall when ordering. See frame details, pages 138 to 145. No hardware included.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U45
HERE is a design which will find favor with the builder striving for "something a little different." The door is solid slab construction with a "V" cut groove, to break the flat surface. These grooves are cut in one side only, unless otherwise ordered. Glass can be plain plate if desired.
Door U106 can also be appropriately used in this entrance. Door shown is 3 – 0×7 – 0×1¾ and can only be made in veneered construction. This type of door cannot be made of solid softwood.
Complete entrance shown includes Door U116 veneered with any wood, frame for any type of wall construction, two brackets U3556 and moulds only for hood; hardware not included.
ENTRANCE DESIGN U50
"MODERN American" this design is termed, with its small porch and recessed entrance. The long lights of polished beveled plate glass create an inviting and sunny interior. Plain plate glass can be furnished instead of beveled plate, if desired. Always specify glazing wanted. Door shown is 3 – 0×7 – 0; sidelights 1- 4×7 – 0.
Complete entrance shown includes door U159, either solid softwood or veneered with hardwood; two sidelights U306, two columns No. U3344 and frame for any type of wall construction. Hardware and metal work are never included.
THE entrance door offers a great many possibilities for appearance and service and, therefore, a good substantial design should be selected. On the following pages a very complete line of doors is shown which include those in the front entrances illustrated on the preceding pages. The various designs of doors are illustrated but once and the various kinds of woods are intermingled to give an idea of the different grain effects. Most of these designs can be made in any kind of wood and either solid softwood or veneered with the various hardwoods. The flush or slab type of door can only be made veneered.
When ordering doors always be sure to state the kind of wood desired, and whether it is to be veneered or solid. If veneered, specify if the same kind of wood is to be used on both sides. We strongly recommend that all entrance doors, and more especially those which are veneered, be made 1¾ inches thick. This permits the use of substantial hardware and prevents warping and twisting. Furthermore, the entrance door should always be protected where possible by a hood or porch of some kind, as direct exposure to the elements will reduce its life of service. Be sure to read "Care of Veneered Doors" on page 50 in order that your doors are given proper treatment and thus assure you complete satisfaction.
INLAY ORNAMENTATION is something out of the ordinary and very attractive and individual. These designs are especially suitable for the distinctive American Home. Can be glazed plain plate glass if desired. When staining these doors have painter shellac the inlay first to avoid discoloring.
Interior flush doors to match these designs shown on pages 55 to 58. These designs shown with standard masonry frames illustrated on page 141. Give width of jambs and type of wall construction when ordering.
ARCHED ENTRANCES are very attractive on many types of homes, especially those with English or French influence. Design U104 is decidedly English, and is made with a "V" cut in surface to represent matched boards. "V" is cut in one side only unless otherwise ordered. Either of these doors can also be made with square top.
Frames for these doors are always made to order and should be ordered with doors. State type of wall construction and width of jambs. When door U104 is ordered without frame, send pattern for cutting top to fit frame.
SLAB OR FLUSH DooRS give that atmosphere of solidity to the entrance so characteristic of the Spanish or English architecture for which these designs are appropriate. Design U108 is made with a "V" cut in the surface to represent matched boards and "V" is cut in one side only unless otherwise ordered. The glass can be placed in the center of door U108 if so ordered.
These designs shown with standard masonry frames illustrated on page 141.
THE simplicity of the Slab Door is pronounced in these two designs. The beautiful grain effect, nature's own handiwork, is given free reign in the broad expanse of veneers. These designs are especially suitable for bungalows and when used with sidelight U312 make particularly attractive entrances. Can also be glazed plain plate glass if desired.
MANY compactly arranged modern American homes are planned without vestibules, and the above doors, with small lights high up, can be used to excellent advantage where the opening is directly into the living room. U116 has "V" cut in surface to give effect of matched boards. "V" is cut on one side only unless otherwise ordered.
Design U116 requires a special frame which should be ordered with door. Always state type of wall construction and width of jambs on frames.
THE full thickness of the flush door throughout its entire surface insures better insulation against cold than a panel door, especially when the door opens directly into a living room. These typical Bungalow designs can also be used with good harmony in modern square type houses.
These designs shown with standard frames illustrated on pages 138 to 145. They are equally attractive in stone or brick entrances.
COLONIAL ARCHITECTURE offers many pleasing possibilities. Design U132 is accepted as the standard Colonial door both for exterior and interior use. It is often made with glass in the two small top panels, and if so wanted be sure to specify. Design U130 is an unusual Colonial door and has just enough glass to amply light a vestibule, making sidelights unnecessary. Interior doors to match shown on pages 64 and 65.
These designs are shown with standard frames illustrated on pages 138 to 145. State type of frame and wall construction when ordering.
These designs are shown with standard frames illustrated on pages 138 to 145. State type of frame and wall construction when ordering.
HERE are two more variations of the Colonial style. Design U134 is Southern Colonial and is sometimes cut through the lock rail, so the upper half swings separately, forming a Dutch door. Design U136 has heavy raised mould around panels on one side and solid sticking on reverse side. These doors are often used with sidelights as in entrances U10 and U20. For interior doors to match see pages 64 and 65.
Doors for paint finish can be made of solid softwood and should be at least 1¾ inches thick for best results.
DOORS with one large glass will always be popular because of their simplicity and greater amount of light. These designs are suitable for the modern Bungalow and square type houses and are often used with sidelights as in entrance U50. Design U141 has heavy raised moulding around glass outside and flush mould inside.
These designs are shown with masonry frames illustrated on page 141. Give width of jambs when ordering.
THESE modern American designs are especially suitable where there is a hall or vestibule because of the larger glass. Design U142 matches interior door U485. Sidelight U304 with door U143 makes a very attractive entrance. These doors can also be glazed with plain plate or clear double strength glass, but order must so state.
Any of these doors can be made to order in any size or kind of wood.
THE bevels on plate glass are especially attractive when there are numerous small lights as in these designs. Plain plate or double strength glass can also be used if a plainer effect is desired. These doors are suitable for almost any type of architecture where considerable light is required in the entrance.
French and terrace doors to match above doors will be found on pages 67 and 69.
LONG narrow lights of glass give the appearance of added height. These designs are suitable for any house except the strictly Colonial type. Their solid construction and generous glass proportions have made them very popular. Can be made of solid softwood or veneered with any hardwood and glazed plain plate or double strength glass.
Overall glass size on these designs same as design U140.
THESE two modern American designs are desirable where only a moderate size glass is wanted. Illustration shows bevel plate, but doors can also be glazed with plain plate or double strength glass. Window U1013 matches door U163 and is a pleasing combination when the entrance door opens directly into the living room.
For standard frames see pages 138 to 145. Order frames by number and give width of jambs and type of construction.
DIVIDED lights add interest to an entrance and these two designs are especially well proportioned. They are suitable for almost any type of architecture. When ordering any of these entrance doors be sure to specify whether they are to be veneered with any of the hardwoods or made of solid softwood.
We recommend these doors be made 1¾ inches thick when veneered with any of the hardwoods.
THE unusual glass effect in these two typical English designs lends enchantment to the entrance. Design U170 can also be glazed plain plate or double strength glass, but we recommend the leaded glass in door U174 for best effect. Interior door U453 matches either of these exterior doors.
We recommend these doors be made at least 1¾ inches thick when veneered with any of the hardwoods. They can be made in special sizes and of any kind of wood.
A SEGMENT or circle top door serves to liven the lines of an otherwise plain house. Such designs also match arches within the home. These two doors are English in design but can be used for almost any type except Colonial. Can be made to order in any size or wood.
Frames for these doors are always made to order. State type of wall construction and width of jambs. Radius for segment top doors will be width of the door; for circle top, one-half width of the door.
HERE are two typical Bungalow designs which have found great favor with many builders. The size of glass while not large admits ample light and the higher panel insures privacy where door opens directly into a living room. Divided top windows U1013 make an excellent combination with door U183.
Excerpted from Universal Millwork Catalog, 1927 by Victor M. Linoff. Copyright © 2003 Victor M. Linoff. Excerpted by permission of Dover Publications, Inc..
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