The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

Overview

Italian Renaissance universities were Europe's intellectual leaders in humanistic studies, law, medicine, philosophy, and science. Employing some of the foremost scholars of the time—including Pietro Pomponazzi, Andreas Vesalius, and Galileo Galilei—the Italian Renaissance university was the prototype of today's research university. This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution.

In this magisterial study, noted scholar...

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The Universities of the Italian Renaissance

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Overview

Italian Renaissance universities were Europe's intellectual leaders in humanistic studies, law, medicine, philosophy, and science. Employing some of the foremost scholars of the time—including Pietro Pomponazzi, Andreas Vesalius, and Galileo Galilei—the Italian Renaissance university was the prototype of today's research university. This is the first book in any language to offer a comprehensive study of this most influential institution.

In this magisterial study, noted scholar Paul F. Grendler offers a detailed and authoritative account of the universities of Renaissance Italy. Beginning with brief narratives of the origins and development of each university, Grendler explores such topics as the number of professors and their distribution by discipline, student enrollment (some estimates are the first attempted), famous faculty members, budget and salaries, and relations with civil authority. He discusses the timetable of lectures, student living, foreign students, the road to the doctorate, and the impact of the Counter Reformation. He shows in detail how humanism changed research and teaching, producing the medical Renaissance of anatomy and medical botany, new approaches to Aristotle, and mathematical innovation. Universities responded by creating new professorships and suppressing older ones. The book concludes with the decline of Italian universities, as internal abuses and external threats—including increased student violence and competition from religious schools—ended Italy's educational leadership in the seventeenth century.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Archivum Historicum - Mark A. Lewis
Grendler's research provides the Renaissance scholar with a guide book to the Italian universities of the period.
International Journal of the Classical Tradition - Anthony F. D'Elia
This erudite work of scholarship will change the way that we look at the Renaissance intellectual history.
Choice
Drawing on a lifetime of scholarship devoted to the history of schooling in late medieval and Renaisssance Europe, Grendler presents a magisterial study of the Italian universities... elegantly written.
American Historical Review - Robert Black
A nuanced overview... Grendler offers a perceptive discussion of the effects of the Counter Reformation.
Sixteenth Century Journal - Duane J. Osheim
An important work of great erudition, an essential work for anyone wishing to understand Renaissance education.
Canadian Journal of History - Mark Jurdjevic
For those interested in Renaissance intellectual history and the history of higher learning, this will be the quintessential study for some time.
History: Reviews of New Books - Michael J. Galgano
No brief review can do justice to Paul A. Grendler's elegant study of Italian Renaissance universities. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance requires close reading and will doubtless become the definitive analysis of higher education in the period. Grendler blends the same depth of archival knowledge, familiarity with the secondary literature, organization, and clear writing that characterize his earlier works on Renaissance education.
H-Italy, H-Net Reviews - Christopher Carlsmith
Paul Grendler's comprehensive, methodical, and immensely learned study of the seventeen universities in Renaissance Italy is an enormous contribution to historians and scholars... A wide-ranging and authoritative study that will be a benchmark for years to come.
Cithara - Darin Hayton
This will certainly become the standard work on the subject.
History of Education - Diarmaid MacCulloch
This formidable erudite, beautifully presented and magisterial work is a reliable guidebook to one of the golden ages of university history. Between the early fifteenth and late sixteenth centuries, Italian universities were unrivaled in Europe except in theology. Grendler has produced a splendid framework within which to understand one of the great flowerings of intellectual life in European history.
Isis - David A. Lines
A recognized authority on the subject of education in the Italian Renaissannce, Paul Grendler has produced a magnificent study of Italian higher education in the period 1400–1600.
Modern Language Review - Jonathan Woolfson
A vast, highly informative, and wide-ranging account... This monumental study, beautifully produced, crystal clear, and breathtakingly encyclopedic in scope, contains a wealth of valuable information and high-level scholarship.
History - Alison Brown
Will remain a basic source of reference for all future work on Italian Renaissance universities.
Journal of Ecclesiastical History - John Easton Law
Grendler's work is likely to remain for long an indispensable, and interdisciplinary, 'benchmark'.
Times Literary Supplement - Jill Kraye
A wide-ranging and comprehensive survey.
Journal of Modern History - Jürgen Miethke
Grendler succeeds in painting a picture of the Italian universities that is well founded in empirical data. His book is a great success.
Catholic Historical Review
Erudite as well as entertaining; an instructive treatise as well as a useful reference tool for anyone interested in the topic.
Archivum Historicum
Grendler's research provides the Renaissance scholar with a guide book to the Italian universities of the period.

— Mark A. Lewis

International Journal of the Classical Tradition
This erudite work of scholarship will change the way that we look at the Renaissance intellectual history.

— Anthony F. D'Elia

Sixteenth-Century Journal
An important work of great erudition, an essential work for anyone wishing to understand Renaissance education.

— Duane J. Osheim

History: Reviews of New Books
No brief review can do justice to Paul A. Grendler's elegant study of Italian Renaissance universities. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance requires close reading and will doubtless become the definitive analysis of higher education in the period. Grendler blends the same depth of archival knowledge, familiarity with the secondary literature, organization, and clear writing that characterize his earlier works on Renaissance education.

— Michael J. Galgano

American Historical Review - Robert Black

A nuanced overview... Grendler offers a perceptive discussion of the effects of the Counter Reformation.

Sixteenth Century Journal - Duane J. Osheim

An important work of great erudition, an essential work for anyone wishing to understand Renaissance education.

Canadian Journal of History - Mark Jurdjevic

For those interested in Renaissance intellectual history and the history of higher learning, this will be the quintessential study for some time.

History: Reviews of New Books - Michael J. Galgano

No brief review can do justice to Paul A. Grendler's elegant study of Italian Renaissance universities. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance requires close reading and will doubtless become the definitive analysis of higher education in the period. Grendler blends the same depth of archival knowledge, familiarity with the secondary literature, organization, and clear writing that characterize his earlier works on Renaissance education.

H-Italy, H-Net Reviews - Christopher Carlsmith

Paul Grendler's comprehensive, methodical, and immensely learned study of the seventeen universities in Renaissance Italy is an enormous contribution to historians and scholars... A wide-ranging and authoritative study that will be a benchmark for years to come.

Cithara - Darin Hayton

This will certainly become the standard work on the subject.

History of Education - Diarmaid MacCulloch

This formidable erudite, beautifully presented and magisterial work is a reliable guidebook to one of the golden ages of university history. Between the early fifteenth and late sixteenth centuries, Italian universities were unrivaled in Europe except in theology. Grendler has produced a splendid framework within which to understand one of the great flowerings of intellectual life in European history.

Isis - David A. Lines

A recognized authority on the subject of education in the Italian Renaissannce, Paul Grendler has produced a magnificent study of Italian higher education in the period 1400–1600.

Modern Language Review - Jonathan Woolfson

A vast, highly informative, and wide-ranging account... This monumental study, beautifully produced, crystal clear, and breathtakingly encyclopedic in scope, contains a wealth of valuable information and high-level scholarship.

History - Alison Brown

Will remain a basic source of reference for all future work on Italian Renaissance universities.

Journal of Ecclesiastical History - John Easton Law

Grendler's work is likely to remain for long an indispensable, and interdisciplinary, 'benchmark'.

Times Literary Supplement - Jill Kraye

A wide-ranging and comprehensive survey.

Journal of Modern History - Jürgen Miethke

Grendler succeeds in painting a picture of the Italian universities that is well founded in empirical data. His book is a great success.

Archivum Historicum - Mark A. Lewis

Grendler's research provides the Renaissance scholar with a guide book to the Italian universities of the period.

International Journal of the Classical Tradition - Anthony F. D'Elia

This erudite work of scholarship will change the way that we look at the Renaissance intellectual history.

Choice

Drawing on a lifetime of scholarship devoted to the history of schooling in late medieval and Renaisssance Europe, Grendler presents a magisterial study of the Italian universities... elegantly written.

Isis
A recognized authority on the subject of education in the Italian Renaissannce, Paul Grendler has produced a magnificent study of Italian higher education in the period 1400–1600.

— David A. Lines

Choice

Drawing on a lifetime of scholarship devoted to the history of schooling in late medieval and Renaisssance Europe, Grendler presents a magisterial study of the Italian universities... elegantly written.

American Historical Review
A nuanced overview... Grendler offers a perceptive discussion of the effects of the Counter Reformation.

— Robert Black

Catholic Historical Review

Erudite as well as entertaining; an instructive treatise as well as a useful reference tool for anyone interested in the topic.

Canadian Journal of History
For those interested in Renaissance intellectual history and the history of higher learning, this will be the quintessential study for some time.

— Mark Jurdjevic

Cithara
This will certainly become the standard work on the subject.

— Darin Hayton

History of Education
This formidable erudite, beautifully presented and magisterial work is a reliable guidebook to one of the golden ages of university history. Between the early fifteenth and late sixteenth centuries, Italian universities were unrivaled in Europe except in theology. Grendler has produced a splendid framework within which to understand one of the great flowerings of intellectual life in European history.

— Diarmaid MacCulloch

Modern Language Review
A vast, highly informative, and wide-ranging account... This monumental study, beautifully produced, crystal clear, and breathtakingly encyclopedic in scope, contains a wealth of valuable information and high-level scholarship.

— Jonathan Woolfson

History
Will remain a basic source of reference for all future work on Italian Renaissance universities.

— Alison Brown

Journal of Ecclesiastical History
Grendler's work is likely to remain for long an indispensable, and interdisciplinary, 'benchmark'.

— John Easton Law

Times Literary Supplement
A wide-ranging and comprehensive survey.

— Jill Kraye

Journal of Modern History
Grendler succeeds in painting a picture of the Italian universities that is well founded in empirical data. His book is a great success.

— Jürgen Miethke

Booknews
This study focuses on the universities of Renaissance Italy. Grendler (emeritus, history, U. of Toronto) begins with some brief narratives on the origins and development of individual universities. Coverage includes famous faculty members, student enrollment, and relations with civil authority. Grendler also discusses how humanism changed research and teaching in various subjects including mathematics, natural philosophy, and medicine. The volume concludes with an examination of the decline of Italian universities in the 17th century. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Canadian Journal of History
For those interested in Renaissance intellectual history and the history of higher learning, this will be the quintessential study for some time.

— Mark Jurdjevic

Cithara
This will certainly become the standard work on the subject.

— Darin Hayton

History of Education
This formidable erudite, beautifully presented and magisterial work is a reliable guidebook to one of the golden ages of university history. Between the early fifteenth and late sixteenth centuries, Italian universities were unrivaled in Europe except in theology. Grendler has produced a splendid framework within which to understand one of the great flowerings of intellectual life in European history.

— Diarmaid MacCulloch

Modern Language Review
A vast, highly informative, and wide-ranging account... This monumental study, beautifully produced, crystal clear, and breathtakingly encyclopedic in scope, contains a wealth of valuable information and high-level scholarship.

— Jonathan Woolfson

History
Will remain a basic source of reference for all future work on Italian Renaissance universities.

— Alison Brown

Journal of Ecclesiastical History
Grendler's work is likely to remain for long an indispensable, and interdisciplinary, 'benchmark'.

— John Easton Law

Times Literary Supplement
A wide-ranging and comprehensive survey.

— Jill Kraye

Journal of Modern History
Grendler succeeds in painting a picture of the Italian universities that is well founded in empirical data. His book is a great success.

— Jürgen Miethke

Archivum Historicum
Grendler's research provides the Renaissance scholar with a guide book to the Italian universities of the period.

— Mark A. Lewis

International Journal of the Classical Tradition
This erudite work of scholarship will change the way that we look at the Renaissance intellectual history.

— Anthony F. D'Elia

Sixteenth-Century Journal
An important work of great erudition, an essential work for anyone wishing to understand Renaissance education.

— Duane J. Osheim

History: Reviews of New Books
No brief review can do justice to Paul A. Grendler's elegant study of Italian Renaissance universities. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance requires close reading and will doubtless become the definitive analysis of higher education in the period. Grendler blends the same depth of archival knowledge, familiarity with the secondary literature, organization, and clear writing that characterize his earlier works on Renaissance education.

— Michael J. Galgano

Isis
A recognized authority on the subject of education in the Italian Renaissannce, Paul Grendler has produced a magnificent study of Italian higher education in the period 1400–1600.

— David A. Lines

Choice

Drawing on a lifetime of scholarship devoted to the history of schooling in late medieval and Renaisssance Europe, Grendler presents a magisterial study of the Italian universities... elegantly written.

American Historical Review
A nuanced overview... Grendler offers a perceptive discussion of the effects of the Counter Reformation.

— Robert Black

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801880551
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 9/29/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 616
  • Sales rank: 1,025,581
  • Product dimensions: 6.12 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 1.26 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul F. Grendler is a professor emeritus of history at the University of Toronto, and former president of the Renaissance Society of America. He is the editor-in-chief of the prize-winning Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and author of several books including Schooling in Renaissance Italy, winner of the American Historical Association's Howard R. Marraro Prize for Italian History, also available from Johns Hopkins.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Contents:

1 Macerata 1540-1541

2 Salerno 1592

3 Messina 1596

4 Parma 1601

5 Incomplete Universities

6 Paper Universities

7 Conclusion



Chapter 5: The University in Action

1 Organization of Instruction

2 Latin

3 Disputations

4 Civil Authority and Student Power

5 Professors

6 Student Living

7 Residence Colleges

8 The Doctorate

9 The Cost of Degrees

10 Alternate Paths to the Doctorate

11 Doctorates from Counts Palatine

12 The Counter Reformation



Part II: Teaching and Research



Chapter 6: The Studia Humanitatis

1 Grammar and Rhetoric in the Fourteenth-Century University

2 Humanists Avoid the University, 1370-1425

3 Humanists Join the University, 1425-1450

4 Humanistic Studies Flourish, 1450-1520

5 Court and Classroom: Changing Employment for Humanists

6 Humanistic Studies at Other Universities7 The Sixteenth Century

8 Curricular Texts

9 Teaching and Research

10 Humanists in the University: A Summation

Chapter 7: Logic

1 Logic at Padua

2 Logic at Other Universities

3 Teaching and Research

4 Demonstrative Regress

5 Conclusion

Chapter 8: Natural Philosophy

1 Aristotelian Curricular Texts

2 Greek Texts and Cemeteries

3 Inanimate World, Scientific Method, and the Soul

4 The Debate on the Immortality of the Intellective Soul

5 The Immortality of the Soul after Pomponazzi

6 Platonic Philosophy in the Universities

7 Continuity and Decline of Aristotelian Natural Philosophy

Chapter 9: The Medical Curriculum

1 Medieval Medical Knowledge

2 The Medical Curriculum in 1400

3 Medical Humanism

4 The Anatomical Renaissance

5 Bodies for Dissection

6 University Anatomy after Vesalius

7 Clinical Medicine

8 Medical Botany

9 Conclusion

Chapter 10: Theology, Metaphysics, and Scripture

1 From Medicant Order Studia to Faculties of Theology

2 Faculties of Theology

3 Doctorates of Theology

4 Theology, Metaphysics, and Scripture at the University of Padua

5 Universities Teaching Theology Continuously

6 Universities Reluctant to Teach Theology

7 Erasmus' Doctorate of Theology

8 Teaching Texts

9 The Reputation of Theology

10 Italian Convent and University Theology 1400-1600

Chapter 11: Moral Philosophy

1 Moral Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages

2 Humanistic Moral Philosophy at the University of Florence

3 Moral Philosophy in Other Universities

4 Teaching Moral Philosophy

Chapter 12: Mathematics

1 Statutory Texts

2 The Renaissance of Mathematics

3 Professors of Astrology, Astronomy and Mathematics

4 Luca Pacioli

5 The Progress of Mathematics

Chapter 13: Law

1 Mos Italicus

2 Teaching Texts

3 Humanistic Jurisprudence

4 The Decline of Canon Law

5 Padua and Bologna

6 Pavia and Rome

7 Siena and the Sozzini

8 Florence and Pisa

9 The Other Universities

10 Conclusion



Part III: Recessional

Chapter 14: Decline

1 Concern for the Universities

2 Competition from Religious Order Schools: The Jesuit School at Padua

3 Competition from Religious Order Schools: Schools for Nobles

4 Degrees from Local Colleges of Law and Medicine

5 Private Teaching and Other Pedagogical Abuses

6 Private Anatomy Teaching at Padua

7 The Shrinking Academic Calendar

8 Financial Problems

9 Faculty Provincialism

10 Student Violence

11 Positive Developments

12 A Weakened Institution

Chapter 15: Conclusion

Appendix: Faculty Size and Student Enrollments

Bibliography

Johns Hopkins University Press

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