Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa: Toward a New Social Contract

Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa: Toward a New Social Contract

by Tarik Yousef, Policy World Bank, World Bank Group
     
 

Over the next two decades, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region faces an unprecedented challenge. In 2000, the labor forces of the region totaled some 104 million workers, a figure expected to reach 146 million by 2010 and 185 million by 2020. Given this expansion, the economies of the region will need to create some 80 million new jobs in the next two

See more details below

Overview

Over the next two decades, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region faces an unprecedented challenge. In 2000, the labor forces of the region totaled some 104 million workers, a figure expected to reach 146 million by 2010 and 185 million by 2020. Given this expansion, the economies of the region will need to create some 80 million new jobs in the next two decades. With unemployment now at about 15 percent, the more ambitious goal of absorbing unemployed workers in addition to the new entrants implies the need to create close to 100 million jobs by 2020, a doubling of the current level of employment in the first two decades of the 21st century.

In no small measure, MENA's economic future will be determined by the fate of its labor markets. The problems to be overcome are enormous; their complexity is daunting. Yet the costs of inaction and the benefits of dynamic labor markets underscore the imperative of acting quickly and decisively. If current trends continue, economic performance and the well-being of workers will be undermined by rising unemployment and low productivity. If labor market outcomes improve, however, MENA's growth will accelerate, raising the living standards of the population across the region.

Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa argues that meeting this employment challenge will require the transformation of MENA's societies and economic structures. MENA needs a new development model based on a reinvigorated private sector, greater integration into the world economy, and better management of oil resources. These drivers of future growth and job creation require a foundation of better governance. Moreover, this transformation necessitates a new social contract.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780821356784
Publisher:
World Bank Publications
Publication date:
04/05/2004
Series:
Orientations in Development
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
282
Product dimensions:
7.02(w) x 9.96(h) x 0.64(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Acronyms and abbreviations
Overview : creating 100 million jobs for a fast-growing work force1
1Introduction17
2Evolution of state-labor relations in the Middle East and North Africa23
3Demography, labor growth, and employment outcomes45
4Structure of employment and earnings in the 1990s89
5Labor market reforms : opportunities and constraints127
6Foundations of future growth and job creation171
7Toward a new social contract205
Statistical appendix221
Bibliography231
Index253

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >