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Unplanned Wars: The Origins of the First and Second Punic Wars

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Attempts to reconstruct the reasons why the Romans and the Carthaginians engaged in long and damaging wars with each other despite prosperous periods of alliance. Relying on ancient sources such as the accounts of Polybius, Livy, and Diodorous, the author discusses the period from the antecedents to the First Punic War of 264 B.C.E. to the war-declaration of 218 B.C.E. Arguing that the reasons for the two wars were intertwined, he contends that the outcomes of the wars differ markedly from the original aims of the great powers. Neither side, according to the author, sought war with the other, but war resulted from misunderstandings and miscalculations. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Prologue 1
I Before 264 5
II Preparations for War? 17
III The Mamertine Appeal 33
IV Debating the Appeal 47
V The Punic-Syracusan Alliance 67
VI An Unwanted War 82
VII Escalation 100
VIII From Enmity to Goodwill 116
IX The Rape of Sardinia 132
X Imaginary Confrontations in the 230s 144
XI Hasdrubal's Accord 150
XII Saguntum 174
XIII Hannibal and the Ambassadors 196
XIV Saguntum Besieged 219
XV War to Save Face 233
XVI Conclusions 260
XVII The Major Sources 280
Bibliography 297
Index I. Names and Topics 315
Index II. Passages Cited 321
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