Overview

The purpose of this book is to remove the veil of secrecy surrounding SAP upgrade techniques and concepts, and to provide the user with a detailed description of the steps needed for a successful implementation. Today more than 12 million people in 120 countries who are working for 36,200 companies are using SAP on a regular basis. This popular, but very complex software system must be constantly reconfigured and upgraded to accommodate its latest releases. Upgrading SAP provides a complete overview of the ...
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Upgrading SAP

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Overview

The purpose of this book is to remove the veil of secrecy surrounding SAP upgrade techniques and concepts, and to provide the user with a detailed description of the steps needed for a successful implementation. Today more than 12 million people in 120 countries who are working for 36,200 companies are using SAP on a regular basis. This popular, but very complex software system must be constantly reconfigured and upgraded to accommodate its latest releases. Upgrading SAP provides a complete overview of the process to upgrade from one SAP release to the next one and explains with detailed descriptions, the use of all relevant SAP upgrade tools. Along with a technical description of the SAP NetWeaver Application Server (AS), it also discusses personnel issues and the economic ramifications of such an upgrade project. Examples in this book are based on various different SAP products and releases, such as SAP NetWeaver 2004, 2004S (also known as NetWeaver 7.0 and 7.1), and SAP Business Suite 2005 with SAP ERP 6.0, BI, CRM, SCM, and SRM. Conceived as both a teaching book and as a reference manual, it covers all the techniques, background information, notes, tips, and tricks needed for any SAP upgrade project. A CD-ROM accompanies the book with templates and outlines for the upgrading process, as well as third-party SAP-related material.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781449630072
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Publication date: 8/30/2010
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 331
  • File size: 7 MB

Table of Contents

Introduction     1
What is SAP Software?     3
SAP Layers and Architecture     7
SAP Client Server Architecture     7
OLTP Versus OLAP     10
SAP Installable Software Units     12
SAP Software Logistics     15
SAP Development Objects     16
Object Classification     16
ABAP     17
Development Classes     20
Name-Ranges     21
Namespaces     22
Number Ranges     23
Development Locks     23
Development Keys     24
Data Tables     25
Table Types     26
Table Delivery Types     30
Table Data Classes     30
Indexes     31
Table Technical Settings     32
Table Logging     32
DBDIFF     33
Customizing Objects     34
Other Objects     35
Correction and Transport System     40
Transport Activities     41
Transport Management System     41
Transport Requests     43
Transport Tools     45
Transport Steps     46
DDICImport     48
Activation and Distribution     50
Running the XPRA Job     52
Client Copies     53
Remote Client Copies     57
Multiclient Manager     59
Support Packages     59
Support Package Types     60
SAP Patch Manager     61
Conflict Resolution Transports     61
Support Package Import Phases     62
Support Packages in R/3 Enterprise     64
Support Package Stacks     66
Support Packages as of NetWeaver 7.0     67
Tables Used with SPAM     68
SPAM Queue Conflicts     68
SAP Download Manager     69
SAP Maintenance Optimizer     70
Industry Solutions and Add-Ons     72
Installation Using R3up     73
Installation Using SAINT     75
Enhancement Framework     76
Switch Framework     77
SAP Notes     79
Release Upgrades     80
SAP Kernel Patches     80
Enhancement Packs     81
Languages     82
Reason for Upgrading     87
Withdrawn from Maintenance     88
Maintenance Strategy     90
New Functionality     91
Difference between Upgrade and Implementation     93
Implementation and Support     93
Business Process Support team     94
SAP Functional Support team     95
SAP ABAP Support team     95
SAP Basis/Technology Support team     95
Remaining Tasks     95
Required Number of Staff     96
SAP Customer Competency Center     96
Technical Upgrade Only     98
Hardware-Related Items     99
Supported Hardware Platforms     99
Increased Complexity of System Landscapes     100
Server and Database Consolidation     101
MCOD     102
MCOS     104
Sizing for the New Release     105
Key Performance Indicators     107
Used Software Components     108
Number of Concurrent Users     108
Database Growth pattern     109
Application Availability     109
Location of Users     110
Preparations on Hardware and Software     110
OS/DB Migration     111
OS/DB Upgrade     113
SAPGUI and ITS      113
Third-Party Products     115
Upgrade Technology     117
Technical Objective     117
Delta Upgrade     118
Prepare     119
Upgrade Key     121
SAP Upgrade Assistant (Classic)     122
SAP Upgrade Assistant (New)     125
Other Upgrade Tools     125
SAPUp and SAPJUp     126
Add-Ons and Industry Solutions     128
Add-Ons and Industry Solutions (as of ERP 6.0)     132
BIND_PATCH     133
Plug-In Additions     136
Languages     136
User Modifications     137
Preserve Modifications     137
SPDD     138
SPAU     140
Transporting Modification Adjustments     143
Modification Assistant     144
Upgrade Directory     146
Upgrade Log Files     147
TOOLIMPORT     148
Cleaning the System     149
Shadow Tables     150
Repository Switch     151
Table Conversion     155
ICNV     160
DDIC Substitution     163
ACT - Activation     164
Kernel Switch      165
Upgrade Downtime Strategy     167
System Switch Upgrade     169
TABIM     174
XPRA - Report After Put     175
Preparation Steps     176
Saving Wage Types     176
Extension of Database Size     176
Reuse of Variants     177
Upgrade Breakpoints     178
Post Steps     178
Generate ABAP Load     178
Generate ABAP Query Reports (R/3 4.0B)     179
Solve P Errors in LONGPOST.LOG     180
Adjust Authorizations     180
Removal of "Obsolete" Tablespaces     181
New General Ledger     181
Install Optional SAP J2EE Engine     182
Reset the Upgrade     182
Maintain Shadow Instance     183
Upgrade Elapse Time     183
CBU (Customer-Based Upgrade)     184
Unicode Conversion     187
Conversion Process     188
Unicode Preparation     189
Database Conversion     192
Unicode System Requirements     192
Unicode Kernel     193
Combined Upgrade and Unicode Conversion     193
Upgrade Project Management      197
ASAP for Upgrade     198
DSDM for SAP     199
Project IMG for Upgrade     201
Project Organization and Roles     202
Business Case     203
Budget Planning and Cost Calculation     206
Project Runbook     208
Testing     208
Business Process Testing     209
Component Testing     209
Integration Testing     210
Stress and Performance Testing     211
Runbook Testing     211
Automatic Testing     212
SAP Landscape Management     215
System Landscape Scenarios     215
Cross-Release Transports     220
Show System Information     221
Process Owners-SAP CCC     221
BC Sets     222
Business Engineer     224
ABAP and Other Objects     224
Authorizations     225
Issues During Upgrade     228
Actions to do Before Upgrade     229
Third-Party Tools     231
Monitoring Tools     231
Transport Tools     233
Interface Tools     234
Tax Calculation Tools     234
Other Tools      234
SAP New Dimensions Products     237
Business Information Warehouse     237
BW Alpha Conversion     238
BW Business Content     239
BW-Specific Upgrade     241
SAP BI Lock Server     242
BI Accelerator     242
SRM (Supplier Relationship Management)     243
CRM (Customer Relationship Management)     245
SCM (Supply Chain Management)     247
SCM Middleware     247
SCM Upgrade     249
Process Integration     250
SAP NetWeaver Java AS     253
Deploy Options     254
Java Startup and Control Framework     257
Java Trace and Log Files     259
Java Control     260
Automatic Startup of Java Instance     260
Java Managers and Services     261
Java Configuration Management     264
Java-Specific Filesystems     265
Java Database Access     265
Java Patch Management     266
SAP NWDI-Java Change Management     267
SAP Visual Composer     269
SAP NetWeaver Composition Environment     271
Adobe Document System      271
CTS+     272
Support Tools     275
ASU (Application Specific Upgrade)     275
SAP Solution Manager     276
SEP (Support Enablement Package)     279
RBE (Reverse Business Engineer)     280
SAP CDOP     281
SAP TDMS (Test Data Migration System)     282
LAW (License Audit Workbench)     283
Upgrade Roadmap     283
ARIS for NetWeaver and RBEplus     284
Assessment with IntelliCorp     285
Additional Information Resources     285
Upgrade Coaching     286
The Direction of SAP     287
Roadmaps     287
SAP xApps     288
eSOA     289
BPP (Business Process Platform)     291
BPEL (Business Process Execution Language)     292
New Roles and Responsibilities     293
User Interfaces     293
On-Demand Computing     294
SAP Adaptive Computing Infrastructure     294
E2E Management     297
Downtime Prevention     298
Future Trends     299
List of SAP R/3 "Object Identifiers"     301
ASAP of Upgrade Roadmap      305
Additional Web Resources     311
About the CD-ROM     313
Index     315
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