Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions

Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions

by Martha C. Nussbaum
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0521462029

ISBN-13: 9780521462020

Pub. Date: 08/28/2001

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Emotions shape the landscape of our mental and social lives. Like geological upheavals in a landscape, they mark our lives as uneven, uncertain and prone to reversal. Are they simply, as some have claimed, animal energies or impulses with no connection to our thoughts? Or are they rather suffused with intelligence and discernment, and thus a source of deep awareness

Overview

Emotions shape the landscape of our mental and social lives. Like geological upheavals in a landscape, they mark our lives as uneven, uncertain and prone to reversal. Are they simply, as some have claimed, animal energies or impulses with no connection to our thoughts? Or are they rather suffused with intelligence and discernment, and thus a source of deep awareness and understanding? In this compelling new book, Martha C. Nussbaum presents a powerful argument for treating emotions not as alien forces but as highly discriminating responses to what is of value and importance. She explores and illuminates the structure of a wide range of emotions, in particular compassion and love, showing that there can be no adequate ethical theory without an adequate theory of the emotions. This involves understanding their cultural sources, their history in infancy and childhood, and their sometimes unpredictable and disorderly operations in our daily lives.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521462020
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
08/28/2001
Pages:
751
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.81(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
Part INeed and Recognition
1.Emotions as Judgments of Value19
I.Need and Recognition19
II.The Adversary: Intentionality, Belief, Evaluation24
III.Necessity and Constituent Parthood33
IV.Judging and Acknowledging, and Sufficient Conditions37
V.Eudaimonism, Intensity, the Personal Point of View49
VI.Are There Necessary Noncognitive Elements?56
VII.Are There Other Cognitive Elements? Imagining the Object64
VIII.Background and Situational, General and Concrete67
IX."Freshness" and the Diminution of Grief79
X.Emotional Conflict85
2.Humans and Other Animals: The Neo-Stoic View Revised89
I.Animals Grieving89
II.The Decline of Reductionist Theories of Emotion93
III.The Resurgence of Intentionality: Seligman, Lazarus, Ortony, Oatley100
IV.Nonreductionistic Physiological Accounts: LeDoux, Damasio114
V.Animal Emotion in Narrative Form: Pitcher119
VI.Revising the Neo-Stoic Account125
VII.Appetites, Moods, Desires for Action129
VIII.Nonemotional Animals137
3.Emotions and Human Societies139
I.Grief and Social Norms139
II.Human-Animal Differences: Time, Language, Norms144
III.Sources of Social Variation151
IV.Types and Levels of Variation157
V.American Grief165
VI.Culture and Understanding169
4.Emotions and Infancy174
I.The Shadow of the Object174
II.The Golden Age: Helplessness, Omnipotence, Basic Needs181
III.Early Emotions: "Holding," Love, Primitive Shame190
IV.Disgust and the Borders of the Body200
V.Playing Alone, the Ambivalence Crisis, and the Moral Defense206
VI."Mature Interdependence" and the Facilitating Environment224
VII.The Neo-Stoic View Revised Again230
VIII.Imagination and Narrative236
Interlude: "Things Such as Might Happen"238
5.Music and Emotion249
I.Expression and the Implied Listener249
II.A Dilemma and Three Responses254
III.Music as Dream265
IV.Music and Human Possibilities271
V.The Kindertotenlieder: Loss and Helplessness279
Part IICompassion
6.Compassion: Tragic Predicaments297
I.Emotions and Ethical Norms297
II.The Cognitive Structure of Compassion304
III.Empathy and Compassion327
IV.Compassion and Altruism335
V.Impediments to Compassion: Shame, Envy, Disgust342
VI.Compassion and Tragedy350
7.Compassion: The Philosophical Debate354
I.Compassion and Reason354
II.Three Classic Objections356
III.Mercy without Compassion364
IV.Valuing External Goods368
V.Partiality and Concern386
VI.Revenge and Mercy393
8.Compassion and Public Life401
I.Compassion and Institutions401
II.Victims and Agents405
III.Getting the Judgments Right414
IV.Implementing Rational Compassion: Moral and Civic Education425
V.The Role of the Media433
VI.Political Leaders435
VII.Economic Thought: Welfare and Development438
VIII.Legal Rationality: Equality, Criminal Sentencing441
Part IIIAscents of Love
9.Ladders of Love: An Introduction457
I.Love at Balbec457
II.A Disease and Its Cure459
III.The Philosophers' Dilemma463
IV.Pupils of the Ascent471
V.The Neo-Stoic Theory and the Need for Narrative472
VI.Normative Criteria478
10.Contemplative Creativity: Plato, Spinoza, Proust482
I.Contemplative Ascent482
II.Aristophanes: Love and Original Wholeness483
III.Diotima: Love as Creation in the Fine and Good486
IV.Spinoza: The Bondage of the Passions500
V.Spinoza: Freedom through Understanding507
VI.Proust: Using Individuals as Steps511
VII.The Pursuit of Wholeness519
11.The Christian Ascent: Augustine527
I.Omnipotence and the Sin of Pride527
II.Hunger and Thirst528
III.The Platonic Ladder and Rational Self-Sufficiency531
IV.Incompleteness and the Uncertainty of Grace535
V.The Virtue of Longing543
VI.The Merely Provisional World547
12.The Christian Ascent: Dante557
I.Signs of the Old Love557
II.Agency and the Romance of Grace564
III.Perceiving the Individual571
IV.Christian Love Is Love575
V.The Transformations of Beatitude577
13.The Romantic Ascent: Emily Bronte591
I.The Leap of Desire591
II.Dark Outsiders594
III.Lockwood's Shame596
IV.Pity and Charity602
V.Our Own Heart, and Liberty605
VI."Don't Let Me See Your Eyes"608
VII.Phantoms of Thought611
14.The Romantic Ascent: Mahler614
I.The Hot Striving of Love614
II.The Redeeming Word615
III.For the Sake of Striving Itself622
IV.The Self in Society623
V.A Cry of Disgust624
VI.I Will Not Be Warned Off626
VII.The Unseen Light631
VIII.Imagination and Justice642
15.Democratic Desire: Walt Whitman645
I.A Democracy of Love645
II."I Am He Attesting Sympathy"646
III.A Counter-Cosmos: The Democratic Body655
IV.The Reclamation of the Body658
V.Caressing Death662
VI.Mourning the Sun671
16.The Transfiguration of Everyday Life: Joyce679
I.Scholastic Questions679
II.The Holy Office681
III.A Dividual Chaos684
IV."The Love that Might Have Been"693
V.Bloom's Spinozistic Ascent697
VI.The Female Word702
VII.The Opposite of Hatred708
VIII.Ascents of Love710
Bibliography715
Acknowledgments735
Name Index739
Subject Index745

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