The Urals and Western Siberia in the Bronze and Iron Ages

The Urals and Western Siberia in the Bronze and Iron Ages

by Ludmila Koryakova, Andrej Epimakhov
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521829283

ISBN-13: 9780521829281

Pub. Date: 12/28/2006

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book is the first synthesis of the archaeology of the Urals and Western Siberia. It presents a comprehensive overview of the late prehistoric cultures of these regions, which are of key importance for the understanding of long-term changes in Eurasia. At the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Urals and Western Siberia are characterized by great environmental and

Overview

This book is the first synthesis of the archaeology of the Urals and Western Siberia. It presents a comprehensive overview of the late prehistoric cultures of these regions, which are of key importance for the understanding of long-term changes in Eurasia. At the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Urals and Western Siberia are characterized by great environmental and cultural diversity which is reflected in the variety and richness of their archaeological sites. Based on the latest achievements of Russian archaeologists, this study demonstrates the temporal and geographical range of its subjects starting with a survey of the chronological sequence from the late fourth millennium BC to the early first millennium AD. Recent discoveries contribute to an understanding of issues such as the development of Eurasian metallurgy, technological and ritual innovations, pastoral nomadism and its role in Eurasian interactions, and major sociocultural fluctuations of the Bronze and Iron Ages.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521829281
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2006
Series:
Cambridge World Archaeology Series
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
6.97(w) x 9.96(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents


List of Plates, Figures, and Tables     x
Foreword   Philip L. Kohl     xv
Preface     xxi
Introduction     1
Environmental Setting     2
Climatic Conditions in the Bronze and Iron Ages     7
Chronology and Periodization     12
Chronological Intricacies     12
Periodizations: Remarks about Terminology and Structure     17
General Definitions     19
The Bronze Age: The Rise of Economic and Cultural Complexity
The Development of Bronze Metallurgy     25
The Stages of Metallurgical Development in Eurasia     26
The Urals' Bronze Metallurgy     28
The Beginning     28
Further Developments     33
The Apex of Uralian Metallurgy: Expansion and Perfection     40
The Achievements and Collisions of the Early and Middle Bronze Age     45
The Yamnaya Culture in the Cis-Urals     45
Archaeological Characteristics     46
Chronological Variants and Their Cultural Attributions     52
Were the Folk from the Yamnaya Kurgans Socially Organized Pastoral Nomads?     54
The Abashevo Culture     57
The Sintashta Culture     66
Archaeological Materials     68
Settlements     68
Cemeteries     75
The Petrovka Culture     81
What Was Behind the Sintashta and Petrovka Antiquities?     86
Economic Sphere     86
Social Contrasts     90
The Origin and Ultimate Fate of the Sintashta Cultural Core-Tradition     96
The Cultural Formations in the Forest Zone     98
Cis-Urals Subarea     98
The Forest-Steppe and Southern Taiga of Western Siberia     103
The Pre-Andronovo Horizon in the Western Siberian Forest-Steppe     104
Sites of the Seima-Turbino Type     106
Stabilization, Colonization, and Expansion in the Late Bronze Age     111
The Uralian Variant of the Srubnaya Family of Cultures     111
Archaeological Characteristics     112
Economic and Social Aspects     120
The Andronovo Family of Cultures     123
The Alakul Culture     127
Archaeological Characteristics     128
Complication of Internal Chronology and the Origin of the Alakul Culture     136
The Fyodorovo Culture     138
Archaeological Materials     139
The Problem of the Origin of the Fyodorovo Core-Tradition     144
Economic and Social Dimensions of the Andronovo Cultures     146
Northward Expansion     150
The Andronovo-Like Cultural Horizon     151
On the Eve of a New Epoch: Final Bronze Age     161
The Sargary Culture     161
Mezhovka-Irmen Cultural Horizon     170
The Mezhovka Culture     170
The Irmen Culture     175
Summary: Bronze Age Trajectory     178
The Iron Age - Forming Eurasian Interactions
The Transition to the Iron Age and New Tendencies in Economic Development     187
The Introduction of Iron Technology into Eurasia     188
The Ural Ferrous Metallurgy     193
The Ananyino Metallurgy (Cis-Urals Area)     194
The Itkul Metallurgy (Trans-Urals Area)     196
Transition to the Real Ferrous Metal Production     197
The Southern Urals within the Nomadic World: At the Cultural Crossroads     203
General Aspects of Nomadic Studies     203
Ecological and Historical Dimensions of Eurasian Nomadism     203
About the Origins of Eurasian Nomadism     209
Social Organization of Eurasian Nomads     212
Material Culture of Nomads     215
The Nomads of Southern Urals     220
A Short Excursion into the History of Eurasian Nomads     220
Nomadic Cultures of the Urals     230
Pre-Sarmatian and Initial Sarmatian Cultural Development     233
The Early Sarmatian Development (Prokhorovo Culture)     240
The Middle and Late Sarmatian Developments     245
The World of Cultures of Cis-Urals Forest Zone of Eastern Europe: The Maintenance of Cultural Identities     251
The Ananyino Cultural Groups     252
The Pyanobor Cultural Groups     261
The Forest-Steppe Cultures of the Urals and Western Siberia: On the Northern Periphery of the Nomadic World     277
Cultural Groups of the Forest-Mountain Area of the Middle and Southern Urals     277
The Forest-Steppe Cultures of the Trans-Urals and Western Siberia     287
Pre-Sargat (Formative) Phase     289
Gorokhovo-Sargat Phase     292
Classic Sargat Phase     298
Late Sargat Phase     311
Summary: Interactions between Nomads and Forest Populations     312
Social Trends in North-Central Eurasia during the Second and First Millennia BC     316
Social Strategies of the Second Millennium BC     317
Social Strategies in the Iron Age     326
Notes     339
References     347
Index     375

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >