Urban Ants of North America and Europe

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Overview

Ants that commonly invade homes, damage structures, inflict painful bites, or sting humans or their pets are considered pest ants. This illustrated identification guide highlights forty species of ants that pose difficulties in urban settings. Included are well-known invasive troublemakers such as the red imported fire ant and Argentine ant, as well as native species. After an introductory chapter on the evolution, biology, and ecology of pest ants, the book follows a taxonomic arrangement by subfamily. Each ...
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Overview

Ants that commonly invade homes, damage structures, inflict painful bites, or sting humans or their pets are considered pest ants. This illustrated identification guide highlights forty species of ants that pose difficulties in urban settings. Included are well-known invasive troublemakers such as the red imported fire ant and Argentine ant, as well as native species. After an introductory chapter on the evolution, biology, and ecology of pest ants, the book follows a taxonomic arrangement by subfamily. Each subfamily chapter includes separate illustrated keys to both the genera and species of that group to enable entomologists and pest control professionals to identify pest ants correctly. The species accounts cover biology, distribution, and methods for excluding and/or removing ants from human structures and landscapes. The authors focus on the ants' biology and nesting behavior, life cycles, and feeding preferences; an intimate understanding of these factors enables the implementation of the least toxic control methods available. A chapter on control principles and techniques encompasses chemical strategies, habitat and structural modifications, biological control, and integrated pest management methods. Urban Ants of North America and Europe also contains valuable information on the diagnosis and treatment of human reactions to ant stings and bites. This comprehensive reference work on these economically significant ants includes the scientific, English, French, Spanish, and German names for each species and a summary of invasive ant species in the United States and Europe.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"I recommend Urban Ants of North America and Europe as a reference for both academics and practitioners. The information it provides on ant biology and behavior, as well as the chapters on ant stings and ant management, are especially notable. This book is a very important contribution not only to urban entomology but also to biology and the natural sciences."—Gary W. Bennett, Purdue University

"The rise of ants to ecological dominance has been called one of the great epics in evolution. The same features associated with their ecological success, however, also make them destructive invaders and pests. In this extremely useful book, the authors provide us with a guide to the amazing feats of the ant world. They balance fascinating ant biology with practical advice for controlling the few 'bad apples' that trouble our urban lives. Ants will continue to share our cities, but with the easy-to-use identification keys and detailed descriptions of biology and habits, we have a chance to know them and learn their ways."—Brian Fisher, California Academy of Sciences

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801474736
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/2008
  • Series: Cornell Paperbacks Series
  • Pages: 216
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents


Preface ix Acknowledgments xiii
1 Biology and Ecology of Pest Ants 1 Origins and Social Behavior 1 Ecological and Economic Importance 2 Native and Exotic Pest Ants 3 Life History Traits 4 Implications for Control 6 Biology and Taxonomy 7 Key to Subfamilies 8
2 Formicinae 11 Subfamily Characteristics 11 Scientific and Common Names 11 Key to Genera of Formicinae 14 Carpenter Ants 16 Key to Species of Camponotus 24 Thatching, Wood, and Field Ants 29 Key to Groups of Formica 34 Crazy Ant and Related Species 35 Key to Species of Paratrechina 37
"Small or False Honey Ant" or "Winter Ant" 38 Cornfield, Moisture, Black Garden, and Citronella Ants 39 Key to Subgenera of Lasius 46 Rover Ants 48 Key to Species of Brachymyrmex 49 Long-Legged Ant 49 Plagiolepis Species 51
3 Dolichoderinae 53 Subfamily Characteristics 53 Scientific and Common Names 53 Key to Genera of Dolichoderinae 54 Argentine Ant 55 Odorous House Ant 61 Ghost Ant 63 White-Footed Ant 66 Velvety Tree Ants 68 Key to Species of Liometopum 71 Pyramid Ants 72 Key to Species of Dorymyrmex 73 Forelius Pruinosus 73
4 Myrmicinae 75 Subfamily Characteristics 75 Scientific and Common Names 75 Key to Genera of Myrmicinae 77 Pharaoh Ant 79 Key to Species of Monomorium 84 Little Black Ant and Related Species 85 Bigheaded Ant and Related Species 87 Key to Species of Pheidole 91 Pavement Ant and Related Species 93 Key to Species of Tetramorium 96 Little Fire Ant 97 Harvester Ants-Pogonomyrmex 98 Key to Species of Pogonomyrmex 101 Harvester Ants-Messor 103 Key to Species of Messor 104 Fire Ants 104 Key to Species of Solenopsis 111 Thief Ants 113 Leaf-Cutting Ants 114 Key to Acromyrmex versicolor and Atta texana 116 Acrobat Ants 116Key to Species of Crematogaster 118
"European Fire Ant" and a Related Species 120 Key to Species of Myrmica 121 Aphaenogaster Species 122 Key to Species of Aphaenogaster 123
5 Ponerinae 125 Subfamily Characteristics 125 Scientific and Common Names 125 Key to Two Species of Ponerinae 125 Hypoponera punctatissima 126
"Asian Needle Ant" 127
6 Pseudomyrmecinae 129 Subfamily Characteristics 129 Scientific and Common Names 129 Twig Ants 129 Key to Two Species of Pseudomyrmecinae 130
7 Ecitoninae 131 Subfamily Characteristics 131 Scientific and Common Names 131 Key to Species of Ecitoninae 131 Legionary Ants 132
8 Adverse Reactions to Ant Stings and Bites 134 Medical Consequences of Ant Stings and Bites 135 Diagnostics 137
9 Management of Ants 143 Chemical Control Strategies 144 Habitat and Structural Modification 156 Biological Control 157 Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 159 Conclusion 161 Appendix 1 Scientific and Common Names of Urban Ants 163 Appendix 2 Urban Ant Species Introduced into Europe 165 Appendix 3 Urban Ant Species Introduced into the United States 167 References 169 Index 187
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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted August 17, 2013

    more from this reviewer

    Excellent introduction to ant pest species

    This clear and concisely written book presents common pest species organized by subfamily and provides good identification keys with excellent line drawings and clear markings of character states. The authors include important ecological, behavioral, and biological information with references. For each ant genus/species, they also provide pesticide information which further describes basic biology of the particular ants. The book concludes with a chapter on reactions to ant stings and bites which describes both allergic and toxic reactions, and a general chapter on management (details are provided in the earlier chapters) which includes biological controls and integrated pest management (IPM). There are several helpful appendices documenting scientific and common names (in several languages) with distribution references; a reference list; and an index. While the book is aimed at those needing management ideas, the book is of use to those more generally interested in ants and has implications for conservation.

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