"The rise of ants to ecological dominance has been called one of the great epics in evolution. The same features associated with their ecological success, however, also make them destructive invaders and pests. In this extremely useful book, the authors provide us with a guide to the amazing feats of the ant world. They balance fascinating ant biology with practical advice for controlling the few 'bad apples' that trouble our urban lives. Ants will continue to share our cities, but with the easy-to-use identification keys and detailed descriptions of biology and habits, we have a chance to know them and learn their ways."Brian Fisher, California Academy of Sciences
Urban Ants of North America and Europeby John Klotz, Laurel Hansen, Reiner Pospischil, Michael Rust
Ants that commonly invade homes, damage structures, inflict painful bites, or sting humans or their pets are considered pest ants. This illustrated identification guide highlights forty species of ants that pose difficulties in urban settings. Included are well-known invasive troublemakers such as the red imported fire ant and Argentine ant, as well as native species. After an introductory chapter on the evolution, biology, and ecology of pest ants, the book follows a taxonomic arrangement by subfamily. Each subfamily chapter includes separate illustrated keys to both the genera and species of that group to enable entomologists and pest control professionals to identify pest ants correctly. The species accounts cover biology, distribution, and methods for excluding and/or removing ants from human structures and landscapes. The authors focus on the ants' biology and nesting behavior, life cycles, and feeding preferences; an intimate understanding of these factors enables the implementation of the least toxic control methods available. A chapter on control principles and techniques encompasses chemical strategies, habitat and structural modifications, biological control, and integrated pest management methods. Urban Ants of North America and Europe also contains valuable information on the diagnosis and treatment of human reactions to ant stings and bites. This comprehensive reference work on these economically significant ants includes the scientific, English, French, Spanish, and German names for each species and a summary of invasive ant species in the United States and Europe.
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This clear and concisely written book presents common pest species organized by subfamily and provides good identification keys with excellent line drawings and clear markings of character states. The authors include important ecological, behavioral, and biological information with references. For each ant genus/species, they also provide pesticide information which further describes basic biology of the particular ants. The book concludes with a chapter on reactions to ant stings and bites which describes both allergic and toxic reactions, and a general chapter on management (details are provided in the earlier chapters) which includes biological controls and integrated pest management (IPM). There are several helpful appendices documenting scientific and common names (in several languages) with distribution references; a reference list; and an index. While the book is aimed at those needing management ideas, the book is of use to those more generally interested in ants and has implications for conservation.