Urban Development and Civil Society: The Role of Communities in Sustainable Cities

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Overview

The world's population is rapidly urbanizing but the affluence and development often associated with cities are far from equitably or sustainably distributed. Where it was once taken for granted that responsibility for urban development lay with the state, increasingly the emphasis has shifted to market-driven and public-private sector initiatives, which can marginalize the intended beneficiaries - the urban poor - from decision making and implementation. This text outlines the essential conditions for effective urban planning and management by placing bottom-up community initiatives at the heart of the push for equitable and sustainable development in cities. Crucially, the state must engage with both the market and civil society in pursuit of sustainable cities. Presenting a wide-ranging selection of case studies in rapidly urbanizing and transitional countries, from the poorest parts of Africa and Asia to the relatively developed United Kingdom, the authors describe and analyze innovations in how globally disadvantaged urban communities can be engaged in improving their living environments.

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Editorial Reviews

W. C. Johnson
The management of fast-growing cities around the world draws increasing scholarly attention. The editors, affiliated with the Centre for Environment and Human Settlements at Edinburgh, Scotland, seek to link urban development programs and environmental sustainability with citizen efforts to raise the quality of political as well as economic life in those cities. This collection of eight cases from Mozambique, Pakistan, China, Costa Rica, the Philippines, South Africa, and the UK examines means by which local social movements have promoted sustainable development. Each case is similarly organized, allowing ready comparison despite diverse contexts. The cases portray the interactions between governments, businesses, and civil society associations, in which community takes on global as well as local dimensions. A consistent theme stressed throughout is resident associations' taking active part in decision making and management. Skill development in this area is discussed. The editors open with two chapters that supply the analytical framework and close with two others that draw out the lessons learned. This coherent and valuable collection should be useful for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and faculty in urban studies and comparative development.
CHOICE
Booknews
In eight case studies from rapidly urbanizing and transitional countries, practitioners in urban planning and development describe and analyze how globally disadvantaged urban communities can be engaged in improving their living environments. Maputo, Lahore, Beijing, Manila, Costa Rico, South Africa, and England are among the studies. Introductory chapters and analysis and conclusion bracket the collection. Distributed by Stylus. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781853837180
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 6/28/2001
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 246
  • Product dimensions: 6.26 (w) x 9.52 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael Carley is Honorary Professor at the School of Planning and Housing, Edinburgh College of Art/Heriot-Watt University where Paul Jenkins is Director of the Centre for Environment and Human Settlements and Harry Smith has worked as a Research Associate. Michael is co-author of Sharing the World and Managing Sustainable Development: Second Edition; Paul has extensive professional and research experience in southern Africa; Harry is currently Central Development Officer at Community Self-Build Scotland.

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Table of Contents

Preface
• Part 1 Introduction: the Challenge of a Sustainable Urban Future - The Role of Institutions - Top-down and Bottom-up: the Challenge of Cities in the New Century
• The State, the Market and Community: an Analytical Framework for Community and Self-development
• Part 2 Case Studies: Lessons from International Experience in Key Urban Development Issues - The Role of Civil Society in Shelter at the Periphery: the Experience of Peri-urban Communities in Maputo, Mozambique
• The State, Business and the Community: Abating Industrial Nuisance in Lahore, Pakistan
• Urban Public Transport: The Development of a Regulatory Role for NGOs in Pakistan
• Informal Development in the Market Socialist City: the Case of the Floating Population of Beijing
• Urban Management and Community Development in Metro Manila
• When Community Development Becomes a Political Bargaining Tool: the Case for Structural Change in Low Income Housing Provision in Costa Rica
• Community-based Organizations and the Struggle for Land and Housing in South Africa: Urban Social Movements in Transition
• Renegotiations Places: the Experience of Low-demand in Salford, England
• Part 3 Analysis and Conclusions: Strengthening the Changing Role of Civil Society - Relationships Between the State and Civil Society and Their Importance for Sustainable Development
• Civil Society and New Social Movements
• Notes
• References
• Index

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