Urban Forest Acoustics / Edition 1

Urban Forest Acoustics / Edition 1

by Voichita Bucur
     
 

ISBN-10: 3540307834

ISBN-13: 9783540307839

Pub. Date: 05/08/2006

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Trees can reduce noise by sound reflection and absorption. Investigating noise control in urban environments, Voichita Bucur's new book Urban Forest Acoustics covers the following topics: - dendrological characteristics of trees - factors affecting sound propagation in forest belts - equipment for in situ noise measurements - acoustical sensors for the

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Overview

Trees can reduce noise by sound reflection and absorption. Investigating noise control in urban environments, Voichita Bucur's new book Urban Forest Acoustics covers the following topics: - dendrological characteristics of trees - factors affecting sound propagation in forest belts - equipment for in situ noise measurements - acoustical sensors for the measurement of tree characteristics - noise attenuation in situ due to the ground and scattering by trees, trunks, foliage, branches - protection against traffic noise from highways, railways, aircraft - relations between urban noise and trees, birds, and insects - fire control - economic aspects related to the value of urban trees. The book is of particular interest to those concerned with environmental management, noise control, and urban forestry. It is an invaluable source of information for environmental managers, foresters, acousticians, engineers, architects, scientists, and students.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783540307839
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
05/08/2006
Edition description:
2006
Pages:
181
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.01(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 2 Noise in Urban Forest 2.1 Sound Propagation 2.1.1 Definition and Theoretical Considerations 2.1.2 Factors Affecting Sound Propagation 2.2 Equipment for Noise Measurement 2.2.1 Instrumentation and Noise Sources 2.2.2 Measurement In Situ 2.2.2.1 Effects of Distance 2.2.2.2 Effect of Frequency 2.2.2.3 Effect of Visibility 2.3 Summary 3 Tree Characteristics and Acoustic Sensors 3.1 Morphological Characteristics 3.2 Mechanical Characteristics 3.2.1 Devices and Instrumentation 3.2.2 Mechanical Characteristics of Standing Trees 3.2.3 Detection of Internal Defects in Standing Trees 3.2.3.1Ultrasonic Velocity Method 3.2.3.2 Stress Wave Method 3.3 Genotypic Characteristics 3.4 Sylvicultural Practices 3.5 Summary 4 Noise Attenuation with Plant Material 4.1 Physical Aspects of Noise Attenuation with Plants 4.2 Ground Attenuation 4.3 Scattering by Trees 4.3.1 Scattering by Stems 4.3.2 Scattering by Canopy and Foliage 4.3.2.1 Measurements in Anechoic Room 4.3.2.2 Measurements in Reverberation Room 4.3.2.3 Outdoor Measurements 4.3.3 Reverberation in a Forest Stand 4.3.4 Atmospheric Conditions 4.4 Sound Scattering by Barriers 4.4.1 Psychological Effects 4.4.2 Solid Barriers without Vegetation 4.4.3 Solid Barriers with Vegetation 4.5 Summary 5 Traffic Noise Abatement 5.1 Road Traffic Noise 5.2 Railway Transportation Noise 5.3 Aircraft Noise 5.4 Summary 6 Noise Abatement and Dwellings 6.1 Urban Area 6.2 Suburban Area 6.3 Summary 7 Noise, Birds and Insects in Urban Forest 7.1 Bird Acoustic Communication in Forest Environment 7.2 Detection of Termite Infestation in Urban Trees 7.3 Summary 8 Acoustics for Fire Control in Forest 9 Economic Aspects Annex 1 Symbols Annex 2 Some Theoretical Considerations Annex 3 Frequency Weighting Annex 4 Standards Annex 5 Units References Subject Index

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