Urban Inequality: Evidence from Four Cities / Edition 1

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Despite today's booming economy, secure work and upward mobility remain out of reach for many central-city residents. Urban Inequality presents an authoritative new look at the racial and economic divisions that continue to beset our nation's cities. Drawing upon a landmark survey of employers and households in four U.S. metropolises, Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles, the study links both sides of the labor market, inquiring into the job requirements and hiring procedures of employers, as well as the skills, housing situation, and job search strategies of workers. Using this wealth of evidence, the authors discuss the merits of rival explanations of urban inequality. Do racial minorities lack the skills and education demanded by employers in today's global economy? Have the jobs best matched to the skills of inner-city workers moved to outlying suburbs? Or is inequality the result of racial discrimination in hiring, pay, and housing? Each of these explanations may provide part of the story, and the authors shed new light on the links between labor market disadvantage, residential segregation, and exclusionary racial attitudes.

In each of the four cities, old industries have declined and new commercial centers have sprung up outside the traditional city limits, while new immigrant groups have entered all levels of the labor market. Despite these transformations, longstanding hostilities and lines of segregation between racial and ethnic communities are still apparent in each city. This book reveals how the disadvantaged position of many minority workers is compounded by racial antipathies and stereotypes that count against them in their search for housing and jobs.

Until now, there has been little agreement on the sources of urban disadvantage and no convincing way of adjudicating between rival theories. Urban Inequality aims to advance our understanding of the causes of urban inequality as a first step toward ensuring that the nation's cities can prosper in the future without leaving their minority residents further behind.

A Volume in the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality

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Editorial Reviews

Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles are the cities where social scientists conducted surveys of employers and households. The findings link the two sides of the labor market<-->the job requirements and hiring procedures of employers with the skills, housing situation, and job search strategies of workers. The analysis explores various explanations for racial inequality. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780871546517
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • Publication date: 10/28/2003
  • Series: Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 563
  • Product dimensions: 6.64 (w) x 9.32 (h) x 1.24 (d)

Meet the Author

ALICE O'CONNOR is associate professor of history at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

CHRIS TILLY is University Professor of Regional Economic and Social Development at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell.

LAWRENCE D. BOBO is professor of sociology and Afro-American studies at Harvard University.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Understanding Inequality in the Late Twentieth-Century Metropolis: New Perspectives on the Enduring Racial Divide 1
Ch. 1 Metropolises of the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality: Social, Economic, Demographic, and Racial Issues in Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles 34
Ch. 2 Stereotyping and Urban Inequality 89
Ch. 3 Perceived Group Discrimination and Policy Attitudes: The Sources and Consequences of the Race and Gender Gaps 163
Ch. 4 Processes of Racial Residential Segregation 217
Ch. 5 Ethnic Residential Segregation and its Consequences 272
Ch. 6 Space as a Signal: How Employers Perceive Neighborhoods in Four Metropolitan Labor Markets 304
Ch. 7 Racial and Ethnic Differences in Job Searching in Urban Centers 341
Ch. 8 Inequality Through Labor Markets, Firms, and Families: The Intersection of Gender and Race-Ethnicity Across Three Cities 372
Ch. 9 Linking the Multi-City Study's Household and Employer Surveys to Test for Race and Gender Effects in Hiring and Wage Setting 407
Ch. 10 Why Opportunity Isn't Knocking: Racial Inequality and the Demand for Labor 444
Ch. 11 Are Jobs Available for Disadvantaged Workers in Urban Areas? 496
Index 539
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