Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

by Jo Beall, Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis, Ravi Kanbur
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199590141

ISBN-13: 9780199590148

Pub. Date: 12/03/2010

Publisher: Oxford University Press

By many estimates, the world has recently crossed the point where more than half the global population is urban, a trend driven by rapid urbanization in developing countries. Urban centres offer economies of scale in terms of productive enterprise and public investment. Cities are social melting pots, centres of innovation, and drivers of social change. However,

Overview

By many estimates, the world has recently crossed the point where more than half the global population is urban, a trend driven by rapid urbanization in developing countries. Urban centres offer economies of scale in terms of productive enterprise and public investment. Cities are social melting pots, centres of innovation, and drivers of social change. However, cities are also marked by social differentiation, poverty, conflict, and environmental degradation. These are all issues that not only matter to cities, but also lie at the heart of development. As such, the time is right to consider afresh the relationship between cities and development.

This volume presents a significant new collection of multidisciplinary papers focused on urbanization and its implications for development. It raises four questions: What is so special about the urban context? Why is urbanization and urban growth important to development at the present conjuncture? What are the strengths and limitations of our current state of knowledge about urbanization and development from the policy perspective? How can a multidisciplinary perspective on the urban context add value to development research and policy?

Leading scholars in urban economics examine the data and definitions associated with the field, and look in-depth at the economic and social consequences of urbanization. Special focus is given to urban violence, and planning and governance issues, and the text is supplemented by case studies demonstrating the recent effects of urbanization in key countries such as India, Brazil, Tanzania, Lebanon, and South Africa.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199590148
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
12/03/2010
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
1. Beyond the Tipping Point: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on Urbanization and Development, Jo Beall, Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis, and Ravi Kanbur
Data and Definitions
2. Urban Settlement: Data, Measures, and Trends, David E. Bloom, David Canning, Gunther Fink, Tarun Khanna, and Patrick Salyer
3. Agglomeration Index: Towards A New Measure of Urban Concentration, Hirotsugu Uchida and Andrew Nelson
4. Parsing the Urban Poverty Puzzle: A Multi-generational Panel Study in Rio de Janeiro's Favelas, 1968-2008, Janice E. Perlman
5. Urban Myths and the Mis-use of Data that Underpin Them, David Satterthwaite
Economic Benefits of Urbanization
6. Evolving City Systems, Henry G. Overman and Anthony J. Venables
7. Suburbanization and Residential Desegregation in South Africa's Cities, Wim Naude
Urbanization: Social Consequences
8. The Face of Urban Poverty: Explaining the Prevalence of Slums in Developing Countries, Ben C. Arimah
9. The Legacy Effect of Squatter Settlements on Urban Redevelopment, Ignacio A. Navarro and Geoffrey K. Turnbull
10. The Gendered Nature of Asset Accumulation in Urban Contexts: Longitudinal Results from Guayaquil, Ecuador, Caroline Moser and Andrew Felton
Urban Violence
11. Violent Urbanization and Homogenization of Space and Place: Reconstructing the Story of Sectarian Violence in Beirut, Nasser Yassin
12. Dar es Salaam as a 'Harbour of Peace' in East Africa: Tracing the Role of Creolized Urban Ethnicity in Nation-State Formation, Deborah Fahy Bryceson
13. Urban Violence Is (not) Necessarily a Way Of life: Towards a Political Economy of Conflict in Cities, Dennis Rodgers
Urban Planning and Governance
14. Infrastructure and City Competitiveness in India, Somik V. Lall, Hyoung Gun Wang, and Uwe Deichmann
15. Solid Wastes, Poverty and the Environment in Developing Country Cities: Challenges and Opportunities, Martin Medina
16. Building Sustainable Historic Centres: A Comparative Approach for Innovative Urban Projects, Adriana Rabinovich and Andrea Catenazzi
Epilogue
Themes Emerging, Questions Outstanding, and the Value of a Multidisciplinary Approach, Jo Beall, Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis and Ravi Kanbur

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