U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Humanitarian Relief in Complex Emergencies

U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Humanitarian Relief in Complex Emergencies

by Andrew S. Natsios
     
 

ISBN-10: 027595921X

ISBN-13: 9780275959210

Pub. Date: 03/25/1997

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated

This book explores the emerging phenomenon of complex humanitarian emergencies and the evolving policies of the United States in responding to these emergencies. In addition, Andrew Natsios examines the relationship of disaster response to U.S. foreign policy and national interest, and makes suggestions for improving both relief strategies and systems for designing…  See more details below

Overview

This book explores the emerging phenomenon of complex humanitarian emergencies and the evolving policies of the United States in responding to these emergencies. In addition, Andrew Natsios examines the relationship of disaster response to U.S. foreign policy and national interest, and makes suggestions for improving both relief strategies and systems for designing those strategies.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780275959210
Publisher:
Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
Publication date:
03/25/1997
Series:
Washington Papers Series
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.50(d)
Lexile:
1470L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Foreword
About the Author
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1Anatomy of a Complex Humanitarian Emergency1
Chaos Theory2
Defining Complex Humanitarian Emergencies6
Causes of Complex Emergencies14
2Complex Humanitarian Emergencies and the U.S. National Interest19
The Moral Argument23
The Realpolitik Argument25
New Approaches to Post-Cold War Foreign Policy29
3The Bureaucratic Politics of Disasters33
The Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance36
The Office of Transition Initiatives43
The Bureaucratic Politics of Disaster Response44
The U.S. Congress and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies51
U.S. Policy Reforms53
4Nongovernmental Organizations56
NGO Influence on Foreign Policy57
Typology63
The Internationalization of NGOs66
NGOs and the Implementation of Foreign Policy69
5The United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross76
Institutional Weaknesses of the United Nations77
UN Humanitarian Operations in Complex Emergencies80
UN Structure as It Affects Emergency Response81
Organizational Innovations86
UN Field Coordination Models88
The International Committee of the Red Cross91
UN Functions94
Some Modest Improvements and Organizing Principles96
6The U.S. Military and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies105
Strengths of the Military Instrument107
Weaknesses of the Military Instrument112
Principles Governing Use of the Military in Complex Emergencies114
7The Policy Influence of the News Media124
8On Strategy140
What Is Strategy?140
Should a Thousand Flowers Bloom?142
Alternative Strategies for Resolving a Political Crisis144
The Determination of Humanitarian Objectives151
Who Should Design and Implement the Strategy?160
The Problem of Psychological Trauma and Retributive Violence163
Conflict Resolution in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies165
The News Media as a Tool of Conflict Management167
The Dangers of Role Confusion169
Conclusion: The Problem of Political Will169
Notes173
Bibliography180
Index185

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