U.S. Foreign Policy and the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Humanitarian Relief in Complex Emergencies

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This book explores the emerging phenomenon of complex humanitarian emergencies and the evolving policies of the United States in responding to these emergencies. In addition, Andrew Natsios examines the relationship of disaster response to U.S. foreign policy and national interest, and makes suggestions for improving both relief strategies and systems for designing those strategies.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275959210
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/25/1997
  • Series: Washington Papers Series
  • Pages: 216
  • Lexile: 1470L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author

ANDREW S. NATSIOS served as director of the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance in USAID during the Bush administration, as President Bush's special coordinator of Somalia relief, as vice president of World Vision, a leading international nongovernmental organization involved in disaster responses, and as a civil affairs officer in the U.S. Army reserves.

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Table of Contents

About the Author
1 Anatomy of a Complex Humanitarian Emergency 1
Chaos Theory 2
Defining Complex Humanitarian Emergencies 6
Causes of Complex Emergencies 14
2 Complex Humanitarian Emergencies and the U.S. National Interest 19
The Moral Argument 23
The Realpolitik Argument 25
New Approaches to Post-Cold War Foreign Policy 29
3 The Bureaucratic Politics of Disasters 33
The Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance 36
The Office of Transition Initiatives 43
The Bureaucratic Politics of Disaster Response 44
The U.S. Congress and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies 51
U.S. Policy Reforms 53
4 Nongovernmental Organizations 56
NGO Influence on Foreign Policy 57
Typology 63
The Internationalization of NGOs 66
NGOs and the Implementation of Foreign Policy 69
5 The United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross 76
Institutional Weaknesses of the United Nations 77
UN Humanitarian Operations in Complex Emergencies 80
UN Structure as It Affects Emergency Response 81
Organizational Innovations 86
UN Field Coordination Models 88
The International Committee of the Red Cross 91
UN Functions 94
Some Modest Improvements and Organizing Principles 96
6 The U.S. Military and Complex Humanitarian Emergencies 105
Strengths of the Military Instrument 107
Weaknesses of the Military Instrument 112
Principles Governing Use of the Military in Complex Emergencies 114
7 The Policy Influence of the News Media 124
8 On Strategy 140
What Is Strategy? 140
Should a Thousand Flowers Bloom? 142
Alternative Strategies for Resolving a Political Crisis 144
The Determination of Humanitarian Objectives 151
Who Should Design and Implement the Strategy? 160
The Problem of Psychological Trauma and Retributive Violence 163
Conflict Resolution in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies 165
The News Media as a Tool of Conflict Management 167
The Dangers of Role Confusion 169
Conclusion: The Problem of Political Will 169
Notes 173
Bibliography 180
Index 185
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